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Englishkitab >> Vocabulary >> Suffixes


A suffix is a letter or a group of letters attached to the end of a word to form a new word or to change the grammatical function of the original word. For example, the verb read can be made into the noun reader by adding the suffix -er; read can be made into the adjective readable by adding the suffix -able.

Pratyay (Suffix) akShar yaa akSharo kaa samooh hai jo kisee shabd ke aakhir meiN lagaayaa jaataa hai jisase shabd kaa arth parivartit yaa badal jaataa hai. Pratyay lagaane se kriyaa ko visheshaN yaa kriya-visheshaN meiN badalaa jaa sakataa hai.

Suffix Meaning Example
Noun Suffixes
-acy state or quality privacy, delicacy
-al act or process of refusal, inaugural
-ance, -ence state or quality of maintenance, eminence
-dom place or state of being freedom, kingdom
-er, -or one who trainer, fighter
-ism doctrine, belief communism, religionism
-ist one who Palmist, physiotherapist
-ity, -ty quality of ability, responsibility
-ment condition of argument, agreement
-ness state of being darkness, business
-ship position held friendship, partnership
-sion, -tion state of being admission, adultration

Suffix Meaning Example
Verb Suffixes
-ate become educate, eliminate
-en become enlighten, brighten
-ify, -fy make or become terrify, specify
-ize, -ise become civilize, utilise
Adjective Suffixes
-able, -ible capable of being capable, available
-al pertaining to national, optional
-ful notable for beautiful, careful
-ic, -ical pertaining to musical, logic
-ious, -ous characterized by notorious, famous
-ish having the quality of childish, feverish
-ive having the nature of talkative, attentive
-less without careless, speechless

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