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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Compulsion Sentences

Sentences of Compulsion

An action is to be done by a person (Subject). There may be two situations - (1) Subject wants to do that action willingly; and (2) Subject does not want to do that action willingly. In second situation the person will do that action in compulsion. When there is any sort of compulsion in doing a thing or action, we express it by compulsion sentences. To express compulsion, 'to' is added after auxiliary verbs as described below:

Has to/Have to Present Tense
Had to Past Tense
Will/Shall have to Future Tense

Majabooree Waale Vaakya

Ek kaarya ek vyakti (Kartaa) ke dwaaraa honaa hai. VahaaN do paristhitiaa ho sakatee hai - (1) Kartaa vah kaarya man se karanaa chaahataa hai; aur (2) Kartaa vah kaarya man se nahee karanaa chaahataa hai. Doosaree paristhiti meN Kartaa vah kaarya kisee majabooree meiN karegaa. Majabooree kisee bhee prakaar kee ho sakatee hai. Jab kisee kaarya ko karane meiN kisee bhee prakaar kee majabooree ho, to inako ham majabooree waale vaakyo se vyakt karate hai. Majabooree vyakt karane ke liye 'To' ko 'has / have / had / will have / shall have' ke baad lagaate hai, jaisaa kee upar varNit kiyaa gayaa hai.

Compulsion Sentences
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Has /Have /Had /Will have /Shall have + To + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.)
Negative Subject + Has /Have /Had /Will have /Shall have + Not + To + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.)
Interrogative Has /Have /Had /Will have /Shall have + Subject + To + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative & Negative Has /Have /Had /Will have /Shall have + Subject + Not + To + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?)

Examples
Mere bhai ko roj subah 5 baje uThanaa paDataa hai. My brother has to get up at 5 o'clock every morning.
Mumbai meiN mere bhai ko roj subah 4 baje uThanaa paDataa thaa. My brother had to get up at 4 o'clock every morning in Mumbai.
Jaipur meiN mere bhai ko roj subah 6 baje uThanaa paDegaa. In Jaipur, my brother will have to get up at 6 o'clock every morning.
Hame is college meiN jurmaanaa denaa paDataa hai We have to pay fine in this college.
John ko school chhoDanaa paDaa. John had to leave the school.
Rajni aur Ankit ko roj subah jaldee office jaanaa paDegaa. Rajni and Ankit will have to go to office daily early in the morning.
Raju ko apane pitaa jee kaa kahanaa maanana paDegaa. Raju will have to obey his father.
Sarkaari hospital meiN mareej ko ghanTo intajaar karanaa paDegaa. Patient will have to wait for hours in government hospital.
Sharaaratee bachcho ko class meiN lecture sunana paDataa thaa. Naughty boys had to listen to lecture in the class.


Mujhe English seekhanee paDatee hai. I have to learn English.
Punjab meiN bachcho ko Punjabi bhaaShaa seekhanee paDatee hai. In Punjab, students have to learn Punjabi language.
Har pradesh meiN vidhyaarthio ko praadeshik bhaaShaa seekhanee paDatee hai. In all States, students have to learn the regional language.
Kuchh bhee karane se pahale mujhe mere bhai kee anumati lenee paDatee hai. I have to take permission of my brother before doing anything.
Metro station se office tak Neha ko roj paidal jaanaa paDataa hai. Neha has to go on foot daily from Metro Station to office.
Madhur ko aaj nikalanaa hee hai. Madhur has to leave today.
Mujhe yah kaam December'13 se pahale karanaa hee hai. I have to complete this work before December'13.
Mujhe kal Vartika se milanaa hee hai. I have to meet Vartika tomorrow.
Hospital meiN kal doctor se milane ke liye teen ghanTe line meiN intajaar karanaa paDaa. I had to wait for three hours in queue to see the doctor in Hospital yesterday.
Hame vahaaN bahut kashT sahanaa paDaa. We had to endure a lot of trouble there.
Meree bahu ko kuchh bhee nahee sahanaa paDegaa. My daughter-in-law will not have to endure anything.
Mujhe usake baare meiN kuchh karanaa paDegaa. I shall have to do something about him.
Usako naukaree chhoDanee paDegee. She will have to leave the job.

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Willing Action

When there is no compulsion and subject wants to do the action willingly or rather he wants to do that action from the core of his heart, 'has / have / had' is replaced by 'is / are / am / was / were'.

Jab majabooree waale vaakya naa ho to Present Tense main 'Has / Have' ke sthaan par 'Is / Are / Am' aur Past Tense main 'Had' ke sthaan par 'Was / Were' kaa prayog karate hai.

Present Tense meiN binaa majabooree waale vaakyo kaa ant (naa hai / nee hai / ne hai) meiN hotaa hai tathaa Past Tense meiN binaa majabooree waale vaakyo kaa anth (naa thaa / nee thee / ne thay) meiN hotaa hai.

Mere bhai ko roj subah 5 baje uThanaa hai. My brother is to get up at 5 o'clock every morning.
Mumbai meiN mere bhai ko roj subah 4 baje uThanaa thaa. My brother was to get up at 4 o'clock every morning in Mumbai.
Jaipur meiN meraa bhai roj subah 6 baje uThegaa. In Jaipur, my brother will get up at 6 o'clock every morning.
Hame is college meiN paDhanaa hai We are to read in this college.
John ko school chhoDanaa thaa. John was to leave the school.
Rajni aur Ankit ko roj subah jaldee office jaanaa hai. Rajni and Ankit are to go to office daily early in the morning.
Raju ko apane pitaa jee kaa kahanaa maanana hai.(dil se) Raju is to obey his father.


Mujhe English seekhanee paDatee hai yaa seekhanee hee hai. I have to learn English.
Mujhe English seekhanee hai.(dil se chaahat hai) I am to learn English
Mujhe English seekhanee thee.(dil se) I was to learn English.
Mujhe English seekhanee hee thee. I had to learn English.
Madhur ko aaj nikalanaa hee hai.(sort of compulsion) Madhur has to leave today.
Madhur ko aaj nikalanaa hai. Madhur is to leave today.
Madhur ko aaj nikalanaa thaa. Madhur was to leave today.
Mujhe yah kaam December'13 se pahale karanaa hai. I am to complete this work before December'13.
Kyaa mujhe kal doctor se nahee milanaa thaa? Was I not to meet the doctor yesterday?
Hame buDhape meiN kuchh bhee nahee sahanaa hai. We are not to endure anything in old-age.
Mujhe usake baare meiN kuchh karanaa hai. I am to do something about him.
Mujhe usake baare meiN kuchh karanaa paDataa hai. I have to do something about him.
Usako naukaree chhoDanee hai. She is to leave the job.
Mujhe kal phir doctor ke pass jaanaa hai (meree ichchhaa hai) I am to go to doctor again tomorrow.
Mujhe kal phir doctor ke pass jaanaa hai (majbooree hai) I have to go to doctor again tomorrow.

Please observe the last two sentences. In Hindi both sentences are same but tone & expression is different. In first sentence, subject wants to go again because of his desire and in second he has compulsion to go again. At the time of speaking sentence of compulsion, a little stress is made on the word 'have'.

Aakharee do vaakyo par gaur kareN. Dikhane meiN dono vaakya ek saamaan hai parantu bhaav dono meiN alag hai. Ek vaakya meiN dilee ichchhaa hai aur doosare meiN kisee prakaar kee majabooree hai. Bolate samay majbooree waale vaakya meiN 'have' par thoDaa jor diyaa jaataa hai jabaki chaahat waalaa vaakya ek flow meiN bolaa jaataa hai.


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