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Tenses - Kaal

In English language Tense plays an important role in sentence formation. Tense of a statement shows (a) the time of an action, (b) its degree of completeness.

The verb may describe:

1 That an action is done at the Present time; as'I think about you'.
2 That an action is done in the Past time; as'I thought about you'.
3 That an action will be done in the Future time; as'I shall think about you'

Thus'Verb' is a key factor to recognize Tense. A verb has three times or three Tenses – the Present Tense, the Past Tense and the Future Tense.

English meiN tenses (kaal) kaa bahut mahatvapoorN roll hai. Kaal bataataa hai (a) Kriyaa kaa samay, (b) Kriyaa kee poorNataa kee sthitee.

Kriyaa vyaakhyaa karatee hai:

1 Kaarya vartamaan kaal meiN sampann huaa hai; jaise 'MaiN tumhaare baare meiN sochataa hoon'.
2 Kaarya bhoot kaal meiN sampann huaa hai; jaise 'Maine tumhaare baare meiN sochaa'.
3 Kaarya bhavishya kaal meiN sampann huaa hai; jaise 'MaiN tumhaare baare meiN sochungaa'.

Isliye Kriyaa kaal ko pahchanane kee kunjee hai. Kriyaa ke teen Kaal hai – Vartamaan Kaal, Bhoot Kaal aur Bhavishya Kaal.

As per state of an action (Verb), each tenses are divided into four parts- Indefinite/Simple Tense, Continuous Tense, Perfect Tense and Perfect Continuous Tense

1 Indefinite/Simple Tense – which denotes its simplest form; as'I think','I thought','I shall think'.

2 Continuous Tense – which denotes that the event is still continuing or not completed so far; as'I am thinking' ,'I was thinking','I shall be thinking'.
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3 Perfect Tense – which denotes that the event is in a completed or perfect state; as'I have thought','I had thought','I shall have thought'.

4 Perfect Continuous Tense – which denotes a time since when the event is continuing ; as'I have been thinking since morning','I had been thinking since morning','I shall have been thinking since morning'.

Kriyaa kee poorNataa kee sthitee ke anusaar, har Kaal ko chaar bhaago meiN baanTaa gayaa hai Saamaanya Kaal, ApoorN Kaal, PoorN Kaal aur PoorN Nirantar Kaal

1 Indefinite/Simple – Saamaanya Kaal – Jo bataataa hai kee kaarya ekdum saamaanya huaa hai; jaise 'MaiN sochataa hoon','Maine sochaa','MaiN sochungaa'.

2 Continuous Tense – ApoorN Kaal – Jo bataataa hai kee kaarya jaaree hai yaa abhee poorN nahee huaa hai; jaise 'MaiN soch rahaa hoon','MaiN soch rahaa thaa','MaiN soch rahaa hoongaa'.


3 Perfect Tense – PoorN Kaal – Jo bataataa hai kee kaarya poorN ho chukaa hai; jaise 'Maine soch liyaa hai','Maine soch liyaa thaa','Maine soch liyaa hogaa'.

4 Perfect Continuous Tense – PoorN Nirantar Kaal – Jo bataataa hai kee kaarya ek diye samay se jaaree hai; jaise 'MaiN subah se soch rahaa hoon','MaiN subah se soch rahaa thaa','MaiN subah se soch rahaa hoongaa'.

Let us understand all the tenses with the help of Tense Chart
Tense Chart

Tenses
  1. Tense Chart
  2. Present_Indefinite_Tense
  3. Present_Indefinite_Tense2
  4. Present_Continuous_Tense
  5. Present_Perfect_Tense
  6. Present_Perfect_Continuous_Tense
  7. Past_Indefinite_Tense
  8. Past_Continuous_Tense
  9. Past_Perfect_Tense
  10. Past_Perfect_Continuous_Tense
  11. Future_Indefinite_Tense
  12. Future_Continuous_Tense
  13. Future_Perfect_Tense
  14. Future_Perfect_Continuous_Tense
View a Sentence in all types of Tenses



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