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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-35th Day

ELC-35th Day - PainteesavaaN Din

35th Day - Most of the Basic essential grammar topics have already been covered. Now the time is to learn the topics in detail. Today we will learn in detail about Verb.
Verb is the most important subject of English. We will cover it in detail.

The Verb

A verb is a word used for saying something about a person or thing. A sentence is incomplete without a verb. Verb is the most important word in a sentence and every sentence must have a verb. A Verb may describe:

A) What action a person or thing does -
e.g. She plays. He speaks. They laugh at fools.

B) What action is done to a person or thing -
e.g. The glass was broken. The bus was damaged. The building was repaired.

C) No action but indicates what a person or thing is -
e.g. He is sick. They are players. He is alive.
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Kriyaa vah shabd hai jo kisee vyakti yaa vastu ke baabat kahane meiN proyog hotee hai. Kriyaa ke binaa vaakya adhuraa hai. Kriyaa ek vaakya kaa bahut mahatvapoorN shabd hai aur sabhee vaakyo meiN verb jarooree hai. Kriyaa shabd kahataa hai:

A) Vyakti yaa vastu kyaa karataa hai -
e.g. Vah khelatee hai. Vah bolataa hai. Ve bewakoofo par hansate hai.

B) Vyakti yaa vastu ke saath kyaa action kiyaa gayaa -
e.g. Sheeshaa toDaa gayaa. Bus kShatigarst kee gai. Bhawan kee marammat kee gai.

C) Action nahee parantu vyakti yaa vastu kee sthiti ke baare meiN ingit kareN -
e.g. Vah beemaar hai. Ve khilaaDee hai. Vah jindaa hai.

Kinds of Verbs

KINDS OF VERBS
Main Verbs Auxiliary Verbs
Transitive - Intransitive Verbs Dynamic-Stative Verbs Regular - Irregular Verbs Strong-Weak Verbs Causative Verbs Finite - Non-finite Verbs Primary Auxiliary Verbs Modals

Verbs are subdivided into two main types:
(I) Main Verbs and (II) Auxiliary Verbs
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Main Verbs

Main verbs have major meaning in the sentences i.e. sleep, make, buy, finish, complete etc. Main Verb is any verb in English that isn't an auxiliary verb. It conveys a real meaning and doesn't depend on another verb.

"He has bought four books." In this sentence, 'has' is an auxiliary verb and indicates that it is a Present Perfect Tense and 'bought' is main verb which is conveying real and main meaning of the sentence.

There are many kinds of main verbs. A verb can be of different types. Use of the verb describes the type of the Verb.

Kriyaa mukhyatah do prakaar kee hotee hai - (I) Mukhya Kriyaa aur (II) Sahaayak Kriya.

Mukhya verb kaa vaakya meiN baDaa arth hai jaise - sonaa, banaanaa, khareedanaa, khatam karanaa, pooraa karanaa ityaadee. Mukhya verb vah verb hai jo sahaayak verb nahee hai. Yah vaastvik arth bataataa hai aur kisee doosare verb par nirbhar nahee hai.

"He has bought four books." Is vaakya meiN 'has' sahaayak verb hai jo yah darshaataa hai kee yah Present Perfect Tense hai aur 'bought' mukhya verb hai jo vaastvik arth kahataa hai aur vaakya kaa main arth hai. Main verb kai prakaar ke hotaa hai. Ek verb kai prakaar kaa ho sakataa hai parantu isakaa prayog hee bataataa hai kee yah verb kaa kaun saa prakaar hai.
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Transitive Verb

A verb which requires an object in a sentence to convey complete meaning is a Transitive Verb. In the absence of object, subject does not convey complete meaning. e.g.: Kanika wrote "______".
Without an object the verb “wrote" does not give complete meaning. If we mention object in the sentence –Kanita wrote a letter or her name – makes it more meaningful.

Vah kriyaa jise vaakya meiN poore arth ko vyakt karane ke liye object kee jaroorat hotee hai, Transitive verb kahalaatee hai.

Examples

Vah seb khaa rahee hai She is eating an apple.
Usane paaTh samajh liyaa hai. He has understood the lesson.
Usane apanee mammee ke liye nayaa mobile phone khareedaa. He bought a new mobile phone for his mother.
Usane football ko laat maaree. He kicked the football.
Avyan ne apanaa grihkaarya pooraa kar liyaa hai. Avyan has completed his homework.
Kanika Vartika ko apane khilone de rahee hai. Kanika is giving her toys to Vartika.

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Intransitive Verb

A verb which does not require an object in a sentence is an Intransitive verb. Intransitive verb can give complete meaning without an object in sentence for it.

Vah kriyaa jise vaakya meiN poore arth ko vyakt karane ke liye object kee jaroorat nahee paDatee, Intransitive verb kahalaatee hai.

Examples

Kanika ro rahee hai. Kanika is weeping.
Vah hans rahee hai. She is laughing.
Barsaat hui hai. It has rained.
Surya chamakataa hai. The sun shines.
ChiDiyaa subah chahchahaatee hai. Bird chirps in the morning.
Yah jal rahaa hai. It is burning.

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