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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Active-Passive >> Passive-Gen-Rules
Active Passive
  1. General Rules of Passive Voice
  2. Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense
  3. Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense
  4. Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
  5. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense
  7. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense
  8. Passive Voice of Future Indefinite Tense
  9. Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense
  10. Passive Voice of W-Family Words
  11. Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence
  12. Passive Voice of Sentences of Modals
  13. Passive Voice of Sentences of Infinitives
  14. Passive Voice of Miscellaneous Sentences

General Rules of Active Passive Voice

For changing Active Voice sentence to Passive Voice sentence, Object is converted to Subject and Subject is converted to Object.

Active Voice vaakya ko Passive Voice vaakya banaane ke liye Object ko Subject banaayaa jaataa hai tathaa Subject ko Object banaayaa jaataa hai.

Rule to convert Object into Subject - Object ko Subject banaane kaa Rule Object Word Object Word becomes Subject Word (on conversion) Object Word Object Word becomes Subject Word (on conversion)
1 Me I 5 Us We
2 You You 6 Them They
3 Him He 7 It It
4 Her She 8 Whom Who

Rule to convert Subject into object - Subject ko Object banaane kaa Rule Subject Word Subject Word becomes Object Word (on conversion) Subject Word Subject Word becomes Object Word (on conversion)
1 I Me 5 We Us
2 You You 6 They Them
3 He Him 7 It It
4 She Her 8 Who Whom


Verb, Forms of Verb and Use of 'By'

Normally Transitive Verbs are converted to Passive Voice. (The Verbs with which Objective is used, are Transitive Verbs. The action of the verb passes over the Object also. Where action of the Verb is limited up to Subject only, then it is Intransitive Verb. e.g. He makes a table. Action (making) of Subject (he) passes over to Object (table) also).

Third form of Verb is used in Passive Voice. Helping verbs - 'Is / Are / Am / Was / Were / Has / Have / Had / Will / Shall' PLUS 'Be / Being / Been' are used as per the Rule of the Tense.

Normally 'By' is used for the 'Subject of the Active Voice which becomes Object of the Passive Voice'. There are few verbs with which appropriate Preposition is used in place of 'By'.

Verb, Forms of Verb and Use of 'By'

SadharaNtah Transitive Verb kaa hee Passive Voice bantaa hai. (Aisee verb jisake saath Object kaa prayog hotaa hai, Transitive Verb kahalaatee hai. Verb kaa action Object par bhee paas hotaa hai. JahaaN Verb kaa action Subject tak hee seemit ho, vah Instransitive Verb hai. Jaise - Vah table banaataa hai - Action (banaanaa) Object (table) par bhee dikhaa hai)

Passive Voice meiN Verb kee third form kaa prayog hotaa hai. Sahaayak kriyaaye - 'Is / Are / Am / Was / Were / Has / Have / Had / Will / Shall' AUR 'Be / Being / Been' vaakya ke prakaar ke niyamaanusaar prayukt hotee hai.

Saamaanyatah 'By' kaa prayog 'Active Voice kaa Kartaa jo Passive Voice meiN Object banataa hai' ke liye kiyaa jaataa hai. Kuchh Verb aisee hai jisake baad 'By' ke sthaan par 'Preposition' ka prayog hotaa hai.

When to Use Passive Voice

Jab Subject ke baare meiN jaanane kee jaroorat naa ho yaa Subject kaa pataa naa ho e.g.
KhiDakee kal toDee gai.
Nai dukaan lootee gai.
When there is no need to know about Subject or Subject is not known. e.g.
Window was broken yesterday.
New shop was robbed.
Jab Object ko mahatva Verb aur/ya Subject se jyaadaa denaa ho. e.g.
Yah pen Gurujee dwaaraa upahaar meiN diyaa gayaa.
Sheela ko Charles dwaaraa gulaab diyaa gayaa.
When an Object is to be accorded more importance than Verb and/or Subject. e.g.
This pen was gifted by Guruji.
Sheela was given a rose by Charles.

Note - The following Tenses cannot be changed into Passive Voice:

1. Present perfect continuous tense
2. Past perfect continuous tense
3. Future continuous tense
4. Future perfect continuous tense

Perfect the knowledge of Active Passive Voice by viewing a Passive Voice Sentence in all Tenses with its Rule CLICK & VIEW A PASSIVE VOICE SENTENCE IN ANY TYPE OF TENSE

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