Who Vs Whom
Who and Whom both are pronoun. Who is used for referring to the subject of a sentence. Whom is used for referring
to the Object of the verb.
Who aur whom dono pronoun hai. Who (Kaun) kaa prayog vaakya ke Subject (Kartaa Aadamee) ke liye hotaa hai aur
Whom (Kisko) kaa prayog verb ke Object ke liye prayog hotaa hai.
|Tumhaaraa bhai kaun hai?||Who is your brother?|
|Usakee shaadee ke baare meiN tumhe kisane bataayaa?||Who told you about his marriage?|
|Kelaa kisane khaayaa?||Who ate the banana?|
|Class meiN kaun so rahaa thaa?||Who was sleeping in the class?|
|Tum kisko chaahate ho?||Whom do you want?|
|Vah kisko pyaar karatee hai?||Whom does she love?|
|Isake baare meiN mujhe kisko shikaayat karanee chaahiye?||To whom should I complaint about it?|
To differentiate between Who and Whom, ask the question to yourself and note that answer is 'He' or 'Him'. If answer is
'He' then use 'Who' and if the answer is 'Him' then use 'Whom'
Who aur Whom meiN antar karane ke liye aap apane aap se prashnA kareN aur dekhe kee jawaab 'Vah - He' hai yaa 'Use/Usakaa - Him'.
Agar jawah 'Vah - He' hai to 'Who' kaa prayog kareN aur agar jawaab 'Use/Usakaa - Him' hai to 'Whom' kaa prayog kareN.
Ist example is -'Who is your brother?'. You are to ask question yourself and note what is the answer? In this case, answer will be
'He' - He is your brother. It cannot be 'Him' - Him is your brother -is incorrect. Hence here it is correct to use word 'Who'.
Pahalaa udaaharaN hai - Tumhaaraa bhai kaun hai? Is vaakya kaa prashan apane aap se poochhane par jawaab aayega ' Vah - He' -
Vah tumhaaraa bhai hai. YahaaN 'Use -Him' nahee aa sakataa - Use meraa bhai hai - galat hai. Isliye yahaaN'Who' kaa prayog correct hai.
Another example is - 'To whom should I complaint about it'? When asking the question to yourself, the answer is 'I should complaint about it to him'. It is
incorrect to say 'I should complaint about it to 'he' . Hence here it is correct to use word 'Whom' .
Agalaa udaaharaN hai - Isake baare meiN mujhe kisko shikaayat karanee chaahiye. Apane aap se prashan poochhane par jawaab aayega 'Use/Usako -Him' -
Mujhe isake baare meiN shikaayat usako karanee chaahiye. YahaaN ' Vah - He' nahee aa sakataa - Mujhe isake baare meiN shikaayat vah karanee chaahiye - galat hai.
Isliye is vaakya meiN 'whom' kaa prayog hee sahee hai.
|Jisase yah sambandhit ho.||To whom it may concern.|
|Usakee chhuTTee ke baare meiN mujhe kisko suchit karanaa hai?||To whom should I inform about his leave?|
|Vah vyakti jisase aap raaste meiN mile, HDFC bank meiN kaam karataa hai.||The person with whom you met on the way is working in HDFC bank.|
|Tumhe tips kaun de rahaa hogaa?||Who will be giving you the tips?|
|Tum kitab kisko doge?||Whom will you handover the book?|
|Vah officer thaa jisane meree madad kee.||He was the officer who helped me.|
|Vah officer thaa jisako maine letter diyaa.||He was the officer whom I gave the letter.|
|Kaun miThaai baanTegaa aur kisko baanTegaa?||Who will distribute sweets and to whom ?|
|MaiN nahee jaanataa usane kisko aamantrit kiyaa hai.||I do not know whom he has invited.|
Use of "whom" is becoming less and less common in English particularly in the United States.
Whose is a possessive pronoun and means like 'his', 'her', 'my, 'our' and 'your'. We use whose to find out if/whether something or someone
belongs to something or someone. 'Whose' is used for people, animals and even things. Normally 'Whose' is followed by a noun. e.g.
There's a boy in fifth class whose father is a Doctor. (There's a boy in fifth class. His father is a Doctor.)
Whose ( Kisakaa/Kisakee/Jisakaa/Jisakee ) ek possesive pronoun hai jisakaa arth 'usakaa', 'usakee', 'meraa', 'hamaaraa', 'tumhaaraa' ke
samaan hotaa hai. Ham 'whose' kaa prayog kisee vyakti yaa vasu kaa sambandh kisee vyakti yaa vastu se vyakt karane ke liye karate hai.
SadhaaraNatayaa 'whose' se pahale noun aataa hai. Whose kaa prayog, aadmee, vastu, jaanawar aur sabhee cheejo ke liye karate hai.
|Yah camera kisakaa hai?||Whose camera is this?|
|Kiskaa kuttaa baahar bhonk rahaa hai?||Whose dog is barking outside?|
|Kiskaa mobile phone baj rahaa hai?||Whose mobile phone is ringing?|
|Micky Mouse ek cartoon kaa paatra hai jisako banaane waalaa poore sansaar meiN prasiddh ho gayaa hai.||Micky Mouse is the cartoon character whose creator has become famous in the whole world."|
|VahaaN waiting room meiN ek mareej hai jisakee Taang TuTee hui hai.||There is a patient in the waiting room whose leg is broken.|
|Vah aadamee hai jisakee patnee ne jhagaDe ke baad usako chhuraa ghonp diyaa.||He is the person whose wife stabbed him after a quarrel.|
Whose Vs Who's
Who's is a contracted/short form of 'who is' or 'who has'. Apostrophe ( ' ) is used after 'who' to shorten the words 'who is' or 'who has'.
The pronunciation of this short form Who's is similar to the sound of 'Whose' which sometimes creates confusion.
Who's 'who is' aur 'who has' kee short form hai. Yah short form bolane meiN 'whose' ke uchchaaraN se lagbhag
milatee hai jisase kabhee kabhee confusion ho jaataa hai.
|India kaa president kaun hai?||Who's the president of the India?|
|Seb kaun khaa rahaa hai?||Who’s eating the apples?|
|Avyan, jo aamtaur par samay kaa paaband hai, aaj late thaa.||Avyan, who's normally punctual, was late today.|
|Avyan, jisakee uniform green hai, ne pahalaa inaam jeeta hai.||Avyan, whose uniform is green, has won the first prize.|
|Yah kitab kisakee hai?||Whose book is this?|
|Raj, jisane table toDee hai, aaj nadaarad hai.||Raj, who's broken the table, is missing today.|
|Vah, jisakee table raj toD chukaa hai, bhee aaj nadaarad hai.||He, whose table has been broken by Raj, is also missing today.|
|Obama ne logo ko dhanyavaad diyaa jinake vote ne unheN doosaree baar jitane meiN madad kee aur un logo ko dhanyavaad diyaa jo din raat unake saath khaDe thay.||Obama thanked people whose vote helped him to win twice and also thanked people who stood by him day and night.|
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