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ELC-23rd Day - TeisavaaN Din

23rd Day - Today we shall learn about Imperative Sentences and use of words - 'Let' and 'Make'.
An imperative sentence is a command or polite request. 'Let' gives permission to do something and the other person has an option to do it or not whereas 'Make' forces to do something and the other person has to do it whether he wants to do it or not.

Imperative Sentence And Use of Let & Make

Imperative Sentence

A sentence that issues a request or gives a command or expresses a desire or wish is called an imperative sentence.

Vah vaakya jo praarthanaa karataa hai, aadesh detaa hai, updesh detaa hai yaa koi ichchhaa vyakt karataa hai, Aadeshaatmak Vaakya kahlaataa hai.

It differs from sentences that make a statement (declarative sentences), express strong feeling (exclamatory sentences), or ask a question (interrogative sentence). Normally, imperative sentences are short and simple, but they can be long, compound or complex sentences as well.

Yah nishchayaatmak vaakya vismayabodhak vaakya aur prashnaatmak vaakya se alag hotaa hai. SadhaaraNatayaa, Aadeshaatmak vaakya saral aur short hote hai parantu yah baDe aur jaTil bhee ho sakate hai.
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Imperative sentences are addressed without naming the subject. Hence subject is left out from the sentence. Depending upon the strength of emotion of Imperative Sentence, exclamation sign (!) or Full stop (.) is applied at the end of it.

Aadeshaatmak vaakya subject kaa naam liye bagair sambodhit karate hai isliye Subject iname nahee hotaa hai. Aadesh yaa praarthanaa kee tivrataa ke aadhaar par exclamation sign (!) or Full stop (.) lagaayaa jaataa hai.

Rule of Imperative Sentence

Imperative Sentence
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Verb (Ist Form) + Object (If Sentence requires it).
Negative Do Not + Verb (Ist Form) + Object (If Sentence requires it).
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In Imperative Sentence, subject remains silent and first form of Verb and Object is used. When sentence does not require an Object, only Verb can form the imperative Sentence e.g. Stop!, Don't talk!

In Negative Imperative Sentence 'Do Not' is used in the beginning of the sentence.

Aadeshaatmak Vaakya meiN subject silent hotaa hai tathaa Verb kee first form aur Object kaa istemaal hotaa hai. Yadi vaakya meiN Object kee jaroorat naa ho to kewal Verb se hee Aadeshaatmak vaakya ban jaataa hai e.g. Rooko!, Baate mat karo!

Isake Negative vaakya meiN 'Do Not' ko vaakya ke aaraambh meiN lagaate hai.

When you are to make a request, 'Please' is used in the beginning or at the end of the sentence. When respect is to be given to the addressee, please use 'Kindly' in the beginning of the sentence.

Jab kisee ko request karanee ho to vaakya ke aaraambh yaa ant meiN 'Please' kaa prayog kareN. Jab kisee to ijjat yaa namrataa se baat kahanee ho to vaakya ke aaraambh meiN 'Kindly' kaa prayog kareN.
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Examples
English seekho. Learn English.
Subah paanch baje uTho. Get up at 5 O'clock.
Bench par khaDe ho jaao. Stand up on the bench.
Kripayaa meree bahan ko bhee paDhaiye. Kindly teach my sister also.
Jaldee chalo! Hurry up !
Darawaajaa band karo! Shut the door!
VahaaN 6 baje raho. Be there at 6 O'clock.
Mujhe usake ghar le chalo. Take me to his home.
Bas yah karo. Just do it.
Horn mat bajaao. Do not honk.
Us par mat hunso. Do not laugh at him.
Sharaab mat piyo. Do not Drink.
Der se mat aao. Do not come late
Apanaa hissaa lo aur mauj karo. Have your share and enjoy.
Tumhaaree class mat chhoDo. Do not miss your class.
Chhintaa mat karo. Khush raho. Do not worry. Be happy.
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AC band karo. Switch off the AC.
Apanaa kaam karo. Do your work.
Chup raho. Keep quite.
Darawaaje ko paint karo. Paint the door.
Dheere chalaao. Drive slow.
Roj vyayaam karo. Do exercise daily.
Farsh par mat baiTho. Don't sit on the floor.
Farsh par pochhaa lagaao. Mop the floor.
Ghar par raho. Be at home.
Hameshaa park meiN khelo. Always play in park.
Jeb meiN roomaal rakho. Keep hanky in pocket.
Jaldee dauDo. Run fast.
Jaldee kaam karo. Work fast.
Jaldee so jaao. Go to bed early.
KaheeN mat jaao. Don't go anywhere.
Meraa kaam pahale karo. Do my job first.
Mere pichhe aao. Follow me.
Namak meree taraf khiskaao. Please pass the salt to me.
Paanch baje se pahale office mat chhoDo. Don't leave office before five o'clock.
Pankhaa chaloo karo. Switch on the fan.
Rona nahee. Don't weep.
Sahee pataa likho. Write correct address.
Shantee rakhiye. Silence please.
Shirt ko press karo. Iron the shirt.
Shor mat machaao. Don't make noise.
Taaliyaan bajaao. Please clap.
Use mat chiDaao. Don't tease him.
Use mere paas laao. Bring her to me.
Use mat maaro. Don't beat him.
Sharaaratee bachche ko thappaD maaro. Slap the naughty boy.
Usakee shikaayat ko Thukaraa do. Turn down his complaint.

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