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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Active-Passive >> Passive-Past-Indefinite
Active Passive
  1. General Rules of Passive Voice
  2. Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense
  3. Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense
  4. Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
  5. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense
  7. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense
  8. Passive Voice of Future Indefinite Tense
  9. Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense
  10. Passive Voice of W-Family Words
  11. Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence
  12. Passive Voice of Sentences of Modals
  13. Passive Voice of Sentences of Infinitives
  14. Passive Voice of Miscellaneous Sentences

Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Was/Were' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense.

In Active Voice of Past Indefinite Negative and Interrogative sentences, use of Did is used but for making Passive Voice only helping verbs - 'Was/Were' are used. Helping Verb in Passive Voice is used as per the Subject of the Passive Voice (Object of Active voice which becomes Subject of Passive Voice). If the Subject of Passive Voice is plural, Helping Verb of plurals will be used irrespective of the fact that in Active Voice, the subject was Singular.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not' is added after helping verbs and in case of Interrogative sentence helping verb comes in the starting of the sentence.

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.

Active and Passive Voice ke niyam (neeche diye gaye hai) dikhaate hai kee Past Indefinite Tense ko Passive Voice meiN badalane ke liye 'Was/Were' aur verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai.

Past Indefinite Active Voice ke Negative aur Interrogative vaakyo meiN Did kaa prayog hotaa hai parantu Passive Voice banaane ke liye kewal helping verb 'Was/Were' kaa prayog hotaa hai. Passive Voice meiN Helping Verb Passive Voice ke Subject (Active Voice kaa Object jo Passive Voice meiN Subject banataa hai) ke anusaar istemaal hote hai. Agar Passive Voice kaa Subject plural hai to Helping Verb bhee subject ke anusaar plural hogee chahe Active Voice meiN Subject singular ho.

Negative sentence meiN 'Not' ko helping verb ke baad lagaate hai aur Interrogative sentence meiN helping verb vaakya ke aaraambh meiN lagaate hai.

Sabhee prakaar ke Passive Voice vaakyo meiN - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai.


Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Past Indefinite Tense (Active Voice) Rule of converting Past Indefinite Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Verb (2nd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject +Was/Were + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Did + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject +Was/Were + Not + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Did + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?) Was/Were + Convert Object to Subject + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Usane saanp ko maaraa. She killed a snake. A snake was killed by her. Saanp usake dwaaraa maaraa gayaa.
VidyaarthioN ne apanaa homework pooraa nahee kiyaa. The students did not complete their homework. Their homework was not completed by the students. Apanaa homework vidyaarthio dwaaraa pooraa nahee kiyaa gayaa.
Bharat ne bhoot kaal meiN gareeb deshoN kee madad kee. India helped poor countries in past. Poor countries were helped by India in past. Gareeb deshoN kee madad Bharat dwaaraa bhoot kaal meiN kee gai.
Sachin Tendulkar ne cricket se sanyaas lenaa chunaa. Sachin Tendulkar opted retirement from cricket. Retirement from cricket was opted by Sachin Tendulkar. Cricket se sanyaas Sachin Tendulkar dwaaraa chunaa gayaa.
Kyaa usane sahee nirNayA liyaa? Did he make a wise decision? Was a wise decision made by him? Kyaa sahee nirNayA usake dwaaraa liyaa gayaa?
Usane khel ko bahut diyaa. He gave so much to the game. The game was given so much by him. Khel ko usake dwaaraa bahut diyaa gayaa.
Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Usane gareeb vidhyaarthee kee school fees jamaa kee. He deposited school fees of the poor student. School fees of the poor student were deposited by him. Gareeb vidhyaarthee kee school fees usake dwaaraa jamaa kee gai.
Ramesh ne meree car Delhi se Jaipur 2000 meiN chalaai. Ramesh drove my car from Delhi to Jaipur in 2000. My car was driven by Ramesh from Delhi to Jaipur in 2000. Meree car 2000 meiN Delhi se Jaipur Ramesh dwaaraa chalaai gai.
Kirit Aditya ne mujhe pooree ijjat dee. Kirit Aditya gave me full respect. I was given full respect by Kirit Aditya. Mujhe pooree ijjat Kirit Aditya dwaaraa dee gai.
Kirit ne Haridwar meiN saare seminar attend kiye. Kirit attended all seminars in Haridwar. All seminars were attended by Kirit in Haridwar. Saare seminar Kirit dwaaraa Haridwar meiN attend kiye gaye.
Kyaa usane Rohit se achchhee job jhapaT lee? Did he grab good job from Rohit? Was good job from Rohit grabbed by him? Kyaa achchee job Rohit se usake dwaaraa jhapaT lee gai?




Perfect the knowledge of Active Passive Voice by viewing a Passive Voice Sentence in all Tenses with its Rule CLICK & VIEW A PASSIVE VOICE SENTENCE IN ANY TYPE OF TENSE


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