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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Tenses >> Present Perfect Tense
Tenses
  1. Present_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2 - P3 - P4
  2. Present_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  3. Present_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  4. Present_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  5. Past_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  6. Past_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  7. Past_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  8. Past_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  9. Future_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  10. Future_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  11. Future_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  12. Future_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
View a Sentence in all types of Tenses

Present Perfect Tense

It is used to express an action which has just been happened or completed at the moment of speaking. Present + Perfect means completion of action in present, in other words action has just happened.

Hindi meiN Present Perfect Tense kee pahachaan – Vaakya ke ant meiN ‘aayaa hai’ gayaa hai’ ‘gai hai’ ‘liyaa hai’ ‘chukaa hai’ ‘chukee hai’ ‘chuke hai’ aadee ka prayog hotaa hai. Action jo abhee haal hee meiN ghaTaa ho yaa pooraa huaa ho, Present perfect tense ke antargat aataa hai. Present + Perfect - vartamaan + poorN arthaat kriyaa kaa vartamaan meiN poorN honaa, doosare shabdoN meiN kaarya abhee haal hee meiN sampann huaa hai.

Present Perfect Tense - Positive

Present Perfect Tense - Positive
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Has/Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In Present Perfect Tense, 'has/have' and 3rd form of Verb is used. 'Has' is used only when subject is third person-singular. In all other cases, 'Have' is used in Present Perfect Tense.

Present Perfect Tense meiN 'has/have' aur verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai. 'Has' kaa prayog third person-singular ke saath hotaa hai aur baakee sab ke saath 'have' kaa prayog hotaa hai.

Present Perfect Tense - Positive Maine nai car khareed lee hai.
Person Subject Has/Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person I have bought a new car.
Ist Person -Plural We have bought a new car.
2nd Person You have bought a new car.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema has bought a new car.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys have bought a new car.


Present Perfect Tense - Negative

Present Perfect Tense - Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Negative Subject + Has/Have + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In Negative sentence, 'Not' is added after helping verb-Has/Have and before '3rd form of Verb'.

Isake Negative vaakya meiN 'Not' ko helping verb-Has/Have ke baad aur verb kee third form se pahale lagaate hai.

Present Perfect Tense - Negative Usane meraa kaam khatam nahee kiyaa hai.
Person Subject Has/Have + Not + Verb(3rd Form) Subject
Ist person I have not finished my work.
Ist Person -Plural We have not finished my work.
2nd Person You have not finished my work.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema has not finished my work.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys have not finished my work.

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Present Perfect Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative

Present Perfect Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Interrogative Has/Have + Subject + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative & Negative Has/Have + Subject + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)

Present Perfect Interrogative sentence starts with 'Has/Have'. Question Mark (?) is affixed at the end of sentence in place of Full Stop (.). In Interrogative and Negative Sentence, 'not' is added just before 'verb(3rd Form)'

Present Perfect Interrogative vaakya 'Has/Have' se shuru hotaa hai. Negative vaakyo meiN 'verb (3rd form)' se pahale 'not' lagaate hai. Vaakya ke ant meiN full stop (.) ke sthaan par prashnavaachak chinh (?) lagaayaa jaataa hai. Prashnaatmak aur nakaaraatmak vaakyoN meiN verb )(3rd form) se pahle 'Not' lagaate haiN.
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Present Perfect Tense - Interrogative Kyaa vah subah so chukee hai?
Person Has/Have Subject Verb (3st form) Object
Ist person Have I slept in the morning?
Ist Person -Plural Have we slept in the morning?
2nd Person Have you slept in the morning?
3rd Person -Singular Has he/she/it/Ram slept in the morning?
3rd Person -Plural Have they/boys slept in the morning?

Present Perfect Tense - Interrogative & Negative Kyaa tumane use fatkaar nahee lagaai hai?
Person Has/Have Subject Not + Verb (3rd form) Object
Ist person Have I not rebuked him?
Ist Person -Plural Have we not rebuked him?
2nd Person Have you not rebuked him?
3rd Person -Singular Has he/she/it/Ram not rebuked him?
3rd Person -Plural Have they/boys not rebuked him?

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