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Modals
  1. May
  2. Might
  3. Can
  4. Could
  5. Shall/Will
  6. Should/Ought To
  7. Would
  8. Must
  9. Need
  10. Dare
  11. Used To

Would

'Would' is used to denote more polite request, probability and assumption.

'Would' kaa prayog jyaadaa namrataa se request karane, sambhaavanaa aur purvadhaaraNaa vyakt karane hetu kiyaa jaataa hai.

Examples

Kyaa tum meraa application form bhar doge? (Vinamra anurodh) Would you fill up my application form? (Polite request)
Kyaa tum namak meree taraf sarakaaoge? (Vinamra anurodh) Would you please pass the salt to me? (Polite request)
Kyaa is baare meiN tum mujhe 12 baje yaad dilaaoge? (Vinamra anurodh) Would you remind me about this at 12 o'clock? (Polite request)
Kyaa tum mujhe Angrejee sikhaaoge? (Vinamra anurodh) Would you please teach me English language? (Polite request)
Kyaa tum kamara Theek-Thaak karane meiN meree madad karogee? Would you help me to set the room?
Avyan maidaan meiN hogaa. (Sambhaavanaa) Avyan would be in the ground. (probability)
Vah abhee so rahee hogee. (Sambhaavanaa) She would be sleeping now. (probability)
Vah ab safal vyavasaai hogaa. (purva-dhaaraNaa) He would be a successful businessman now. (Assumption)
Yah usakaa pachaasvaaN janma divas hogaa. (purva-dhaaraNaa) This would be her 50th birthday. (Assumption)


'Would' is a past tense of 'Will'.

'Will' kaa past tense 'Would' hai.

Examples

Vah bolaa, "Vah mujhe mere office chhoD degaa". >>> Usane kahaa ki vah mujhe mere office chhoD degaa. He said, "He will drop me at my office". >>> He said that he would drop me at my office.
Usane kahaa ki vah mere liye gaanaa gaayegee. She said that she would sing for me.
MaiN jaanataa thaa ki vah us prastaav par sahamat nahee hogee. I knew that she would not agree to that proposal.
Mujhe koi shak nahee thaa ki tum pahale prayaas meiN dono group pass kar loge. I had no doubt that you would qualify both the groups in one attempt.
Hamane kabhee bhee sochaa nahee thaa ki meree biTiyaa kee shaadee ke din barsaat hogee. We had never thought that it would rain on the day of my daughter's marriage.

'Would' is used with 'Rather' to express preference.

'Would' kaa prayog 'Rather' ke saath variyataa yaa tarjeeh vyakt karane ke liye kiyaa jaataa hai.

Examples

Bus kaa safar kaafee thakaavat bharaa hai. Main bus kee apekShaa train meiN jaanaa jyaadaa pasand karungaa. Bus journey is quite tiring. I would rather go by train than bus.
MaiN cold drink kee apekShaa coffee lenaa pasand karungaa. I would rather have coffee than cold drink.
MaiN sasuraal jaane kee apekShaa apanee chhuTTee radd karanaa pasand karungaa. I would rather cancel my leave than go to in-law's home.
MaiN abhee sone kee apekShaa carromkhelanaa pasand karunga. I would rather play carrom than sleep now.
Meraa beTaa apane dost ko private nursing home kee bajaaye sarkaaree hospital meiN le jaanaa pasand karegaa. My son would rather take his friend to government hospital than a private nursing home.
MaiN 100 rupaye rishvat dene kee apekShaa 500 rupaye jurmaanaa denaa pasand karungaa. I would rather pay a fine of Rs. 500/- than a bribe Rs. 100/-.

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In Conditional sentences when 'If Clause' is in Past Indefinite and Main Clause expresses about future action, 'Would' is used in the main clause. In such sentences, past tense of 'If Clause' is not actual past time or past action.

Conditional vaakyo meiN jab 'If Class' Past Indefinite meiN ho aur Main Clause future action ko darshaaye tab main bhaag meiN 'Would' kaa prayog hotaa hai. Aise vaakyo meiN 'If Clause' meiN prayukt samay yaa kriyaa (past action) vaastavik bhoot kaal ko suchit nahee karate.

Examples

Yadi vah laDakaa mere kamare meiN aayaa to maiN jor se chillaaungee. If that boy came into my room, I would shout loudly.
Yadi tumane meree shaadee kaa prastaav sweekaar nahee kiyaa to maiN doosare vikalp ko dekhungaa. If you did not accept my proposal of marriage, I would see for second option.
Agar usane mujhe gaalee dee to maiN use thappaD maar dungaa. If he abused me, I would slap him
Agar usane vah office join nahee kiyaa to usakee niyuktee radd ho jaayegee. If he did not join that office, his appointment would be cancelled.

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When we are to express Wish or to give Advice or to state about Old Habit, 'Would' is used.

Jab hameN ichchhaa vyakt karanee ho yaa salaah denee ho yaa kisee puraanee aadat ke baare meiN baat karanee ho to 'Would' kaa prayog karate haiN.

Examples

MaiN doctor bananaa chaahataa hooN. (Ichchhaa) I would like to become a doctor. (Wish)
MaiN chaahataa hooN, tum usake pitaajee kee madad karo. (Ichchhaa) I wish, you would help her father. (Wish)
MaiN chaahataa hooN, Avyan pratibhaashaalee bane. (Ichchhaa) I wish, Avyan would become a genius. (Wish)
MaiN chaahataa hooN, maiN meree jindagee kee aakhiree saans tak kaarya karooN. (Ichchhaa) I wish, I would work till the last breath of my life. (Wish)
MaiN tumhe abhee is naukaree ko chhoDane kee salaah nahee dungaa. (Advice) I would advise you not to leave this job now. (Advice)
MaiN use agale achchhe avasar tak intejaar karane kee salaah dungaa. (Advice) I would advise her to wait for next good opportunity. (Advice)
Gandhi ji roj charkhaa chalaate thay. (Puraanee Aadat) Gandhi ji would spin every morning. (Old habit)
Praveen Bhai har ghanTe dhumrapaan karate thay. (Puraanee Aadat) Praveen Bhai would smoke every hour. (Old habit)
Vah roj sone se pahale chaay letaa thaa. (Puraanee Aadat) He would take tea daily before going to bed. (Old habit)
Jab Avyan pichhalee baar aayaa thaa, maiN use roj office jaane se pahale car meiN ek chhoTaa chakkar lagaane le jaataa thaa. (Puraanee Aadat) When Avyan came last time, I would take him for a small round in car daily before going to office. (Old habit)
Gandaa bachchaa kakShaa meiN sabhee ko gaalee detaa thaa. (Puraanee Aadat) One bad boy would abuse everybody in class. (old habit)

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'Would' is used to express imagination or deep desire.

Jab tivra ichchhaa ho yaa kalpanaa prakaT karanee ho to 'Would' kaa prayog karate haiN.

Examples

Yadi maiN Pradhaan Mantree hotaa to maiN bhee samaaj ke chhoTe-kuchale logoN ko variyataa detaa. If I were the Prime Minister, I would also have given priority to down trodden people of the society.
Yadi tumane kaDee mehnat kee hotee to tum pratham shreNee paa lete. Had you worked hard, you would have got first rank.
Yadi maiN tumhaare sthaan par hotaa to maine ek bhee kShaN ganvaaye bagain vah avasar jhapaT liyaa hotaa. Had I been in your place, I would have grabbed that opportunity without wasting even a moment.
Yadi maiN America kaa President hotaa to maine Deepawali ko USA meiN sarkaaree chhuTTee ghoshit kar dee hotee. If I were the President of America, I would have declared Deepawali as an official holiday in the USA.
Yadi maiN usakee jagah hotaa to sangeet samaaroh ko Madison Square Garden meiN aayojit kartaa. Had I been at his place, I would have organised the concert in the Madison Square Garden.
Agar maiN panchee hotaa to aasmaan meiN uDataa. If I were a bird, I would have flown in the sky.
Kaash maiN dhanawaan hotaa. Would that I were rich.
Kaash maiN dobaaraa jawaan ho jaataa. Would that I were young again.
Agar unhone mujhse kahaa hotaa to maiN unake vyavsaay meiN punjee lagaa detaa. If they had asked me, I would have invested in their business.


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