Your web browser must have JavaScript enabled in order for this application to display correctly.
An easy Way to learn English
Navigation Bar
Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Modals >> Should-Ought To
Modals
  1. May
  2. Might
  3. Can
  4. Could
  5. Shall/Will
  6. Should/Ought To
  7. Would
  8. Must
  9. Need
  10. Dare
  11. Used To

Should And Ought To

'Should' and 'Ought to' can be used with little difference in meaning when we express about Duty, Moral obligation, Advice and Probability. In negative sentence 'Not' comes between 'Ought' and 'To' ( e.g. - Ought not to)

'Should' aur 'Ought to' lagbhag samaan arth meiN prayog kar sakate hai jab ham Kartavya, Naitik daayitva, Salaah aur Sambhaavana ko vyakt karate haiN. Nakaaratmak vaakya meiN 'Not' aataa hai 'Ought' aur 'To' ke beech meiN (e.g. - Ought not To)

Examples

HameN apane baDoN kaa aadar karanaa chaahiye. (Kartavya) We should respect our elders. (Duty)
HameN apane baDoN kaa aadar karanaa chaahiye. (Kartavya) We ought to respect our elders. (Duty)
Tumhe apanee puraanee car badal lenee chaahiye. (Salaah) You ought to change your old car. (Advice)
Tumhe apanee puraanee car badal lenee chaahiye. (Salaah) You should change your old car. (Advice)
HameN apane paDosiyoN se pyaar karanaa chaahiye. (Salaah) We should love our neighbours. (Advice)
HameN apane paDosiyoN se pyaar karanaa chaahiye. (Salaah) We ought to love our neighbours. (Advice)
Yah soup garam nahee hai. Tumhe ise vaapas karanaa chaahiye. (Salaah) This soup is not hot. You should send it back. (Advice)
Yah soup garam nahee hai. Tumhe ise vaapas karanaa chaahiye. (Salaah) This soup is not hot. You ought to send it back. (Advice)

HameN jarooratmandoN kee madad karanee chaahiye. (Naitik daayitva) We ought to help needy people. (Moral obligation)
HameN jarooratmandoN kee madad karanee chaahiye. (Naitik daayitva) We should help needy persons. (Moral obligation)
Tum chaaku DhoonDh rahe ho. Vah kitchen kee draaj meiN honaa chaahiye. (Sambhaavanaa) You are looking for a knife. It should be in the kitchen drawer. (Probability)
Tum chaaku DhoonDh rahe ho. Vah kitchen kee draaj meiN honaa chaahiye. (Sambhaavanaa) You are looking for a knife. It ought to be in the kitchen drawer. (Probability)
Maine Aamir Khan kaa pichhalaa Satyamev Jayate kaa episode dekhaa hai. Agalee kaDee bhee dil ko chhoone waalee hogee. (Sambhaavanaa) I have seen Aamir Khan's last episode of Satyamev Jayate. Next episode should also be heart touching. (Probability)
Maine Aamir Khan kaa pichhalaa Satyamev Jayate kaa episode dekhaa hai. Agalee kaDee bhee dil ko chhoone waalee hogee. (Sambhaavanaa) I have seen Aamir Khan's last episode of Satyamev Jayate. Next episode ought to be also heart touching. (Probability)
Mujhe apane buDhe maataa-pitaa ko sarvashreshTh swaasthya suvidhaa muhayyaa karaanee chaahiye. (Naitik daayitva) I should provide the best medical facilities to my old parents. (Moral obligation)
Mujhe apane buDhe maataa-pitaa ko sarvashreshTh swaasthya suvidhaa muhayyaa karaanee chaahiye. (Naitik daayitva) I ought to provide the best medical facilities to my old parents. (Moral obligation)
Tumhe apane maataa-pitaa ke saath aisaa bartaav nahee karanaa chaahiye. (Daayitva naa nibhaane par salaah) You should not behave like this with your parents. (Advice for non compliance of duty)
Tumhe apane maataa-pitaa ke saath aisaa bartaav nahee karanaa chaahiye. (Daayitva naa nibhaane par salaah) You ought not to behave like this with your parents. (Advice for non compliance of duty)
Use roj nahee peenee chaahiye. He should not drink daily.
Use roj nahee peenee chaahiye. He ought not to drink daily.

TOP


When we give Advice (only Advice) with 'I', 'Should' or 'Would' is used but 'Ought to' is not used. e.g. I should go now. I should warn him. I should not sanction her leave.

Jab ham 'I - MaiN' ke saath Salaah (kewal Salaah) kaa vaakya banaate hai tab 'Should' yaa 'Would' kaa prayog hotaa hai parantu 'Ought to' kaa prayog nahee hotaa. Jaise - Mujhe ab jaanaa chaahiye. Mujhe use chetaavanee denee chaahiye. Mujhe usakee chhoTTee manjoor nahee karanee chaahiye.

We use 'Should' and 'Ought to' in Perfect Tense to express about past action which has not happened in the way as it should have happened.

Perfect Tense meiN 'Should' aur 'Ought to' kaa prayog is tathya ko bataane ke liyaa kiyaa jaataa hai ki kaarya us prakaar sampann nahee kiyaa gayaa jis prakaar kiyaa jaanaa chaahiye thaa.

Examples

Use meree car lene se pahale meree ijaajat maanganee chaahiye thee. (Parantu usane nahee maangee) He should have sought my permission before he took my car. (But he didn't seek permission)
Use meree car lene se pahale meree ijaajat maanganee chaahiye thee. (Parantu usane nahee maangee) He ought to have sought my permission before he took my car. (But he didn't seek permission)
Avyan ko ab tak dhaaraapravaah bolanaa shuru kar denaa chaahiye thaa. (Parantu usane nahee kiyaa) Avyan should have started speaking fluently by now. (But he didn't start)
Avyan ko ab tak dhaaraapravaah bolanaa shuru kar denaa chaahiye thaa. (Parantu usane nahee kiyaa) Avyan ought to have started speaking fluently by now. (But he didn't start)
Unko sthaaniya netaa ko bhee aamantrit karanaa chaahiye thaa. (Parantu unhone nahee kiyaa) They should have invited the local leader also. (But they didn't)
Unko sthaaniya netaa ko bhee aamantrit karanaa chaahiye thaa. (Parantu unhone nahee kiyaa) They ought to have invited the local leader also. (But they didn't)

Is sankaTakaal meiN tumhe usake saath rahanaa chaahiye thaa. (Parantu tum nahee ruke) You should have stayed with her at this juncture. (But you didn't stay)
Is sankaTakaal meiN tumhe usake saath rahanaa chaahiye thaa. (Parantu tum nahee ruke) You ought to have stayed with her at this juncture. (But you didn't stay)
Mujhe apanee patnee kee dekhbhaal usakee garbhaavasthaa ke dauraan karanee chaahiye thee. (Parantu maine nahee kee) I should have taken care of my wife during her pregnancy. (But I didn't care)
Mujhe apanee patnee kee dekhbhaal usakee garbhaavasthaa ke dauraan karanee chaahiye thee. (Parantu maine nahee kee) I ought to have taken care of my wife during her pregnancy. (But I didn't care)
HameN usakee mitra-manDalee kee jaanch-paDataal bahut samay pahale karanee chaahiye thee. (Parantu hamane nahee kee) We should have checked his friend circle long time ago. (But we didn't check)
HameN usakee mitra-manDalee kee jaanch-paDataal bahut samay pahale karanee chaahiye thee. (Parantu hamane nahee kee) We ought to have checked his friend circle long time ago. (But we didn't check)
Tumhe ab tak apanaa saaraa course doharaa lenaa chaahiye thaa. (Parantu tumane nahee kiyaa) You should have revised your complete course by now. (But you didn't)
Tumhe ab tak apanaa saaraa course doharaa lenaa chaahiye thaa. (Parantu tumane nahee kiyaa) You ought to have revised your complete course by now. (But you didn't)

TOP

'Should' with 'If clause' is used to express a difficult possibility. 'Should' is also a past tense of 'shall'.

'If clause' ke saath 'Should' kaa prayog mushkil sambhaavanaa ko vyakt karane ke liye kiyaa jaataa hai. 'Shall' kaa past tense 'Should' hai.

Examples

Agar tumhe yahaaN davaai kee dukaan DhoonDhane kee dikkat ho to mujhe phone kar lenaa. If you should have any difficulty in finding medical shop, please ring me up.
Agar tumhe vahaaN naariyal naa mile, mujhe turant phone kar denaa. If you should not get coconut there, please inform me immediately.
Agar tumhe London meiN kuchh bhee shaakaahaaree khaanaa naa mile to Shantur se sampark karanaa. If you should not get any vegetarian food in London, please contact Shantur.
Agar tumhe London meiN kuchh bhee shaakaahaaree khaanaa naa mile to Shantur se sampark karanaa. Should you not get any vegetarian food in London, please contact Shantur.
Agar anguThee tumharee pasand kee naa ho to tum binaa aDachan ke vaapas kar sakatee ho. Should the ring is not of your choice, you can return without any hitch.
Yadi vah safal ho gayaa to hameN five star hotel meiN party degaa. Should he succeed, he would give us a party in five star hotel.
Maine kahaa, "Main sabhee shubh divaso par jaldee uThungaa. >>> Maine kahaa ke maiN saabhee shubh divaso par jaldee uThungaa. I said, "I shall get up early on all the auspicious days". >>> I told that I should get up early on all the auspicious days.

TOP


In Conditional sentence 'Should' is always used with 'Lest'. And to express a purpose also 'Should' is used as probability (like May/Might)

Conditional senence meiN 'Lest' ke saath hameshaa 'Should' kaa prayog hotaa hai. Aur kisee uddeshya ko vyakt karane ke liye bhee 'Should' kaa prayog sambhaavanaa ke taur par (May/Might kee tarah) kiyaa jaataa hai

Examples

Mehnat karo aisaa naa ho ki tum fail ho jaao. Work hard less you should fail.
Usako turant phone karo aisaa naa ho ki vah apane maayake chalee jaaye. Ring up her immediately lest she should go to her maternal home.
GaaDee tej chalaao aisaa na ho ki flight chhooT jaaye. Drive fast lest you should miss the flight.
Maine gaaDee tej chalaayee taaki vah samay se pahale airport pahunch jaaye. I drove fast so that he should reach the airport before time.
Maine us par dabaav Daalaa ki use phone kare taaki vah samajhotaa kar le. I pressurised him to ring up her so that he should compromise.
Maine hameshaa usake mitro kee jaanch-paDataal kee taaki usakee paDhaai naa kharaab ho. I always checked her friends so that she should not spoil her study.

The meaning of 'Should' and 'Ought to' is almost same but for issuing Notices, 'Should' is used instead of 'Ought to'

'Should' aur 'Ought to' kaa arth lagbhag samaan hai parantu Suchanaa/Notice ke liye 'Ought to' ke bajaaye 'Should' kaa prayog hotaa hai.

Examples

Flat maalik Ravivaar ko subah 11 baje Society hall meiN ikaTThe ho. Flat owners should assemble at 11 am on Sunday in the Society hall.
Karamchaaree samay se pahale daftar naa chhoDe. Workers should not leave the office before time.
Pratyek karamachaaree kaaryashaalaa meiN bhaag leN. Every employee should participate in the workshop.
Mahilaa karamachaaree Karawaa Chauth ke din achchhaa ho kee saaree pahane.(praathamikataa deN) Women employees should preferably wear saaree on the day of Karawaa Chauth.


TOP : Home : Essential Grammar : Learning Course : Day To Day English : Vocabulary : Sitemap : Privacy : About:Feedback

All Rights are reserved.