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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Tenses >> Past Perfect Continuous Tense
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  1. Present_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2 - P3 - P4
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  4. Present_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  5. Past_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  6. Past_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  7. Past_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  8. Past_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  9. Future_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  10. Future_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  11. Future_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  12. Future_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
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Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express a continued or ongoing action that started in past and is continued until sometime in past. There will always a time reference like – for a few days, for ten months, for 2 years, since Wednesday, since 2011, since January etc. If there is no time reference, then it is not a Past perfect continuous tense. Without time reference, it is Past Continuous Tense.

e.g. - I was learning English in this school - Past Continuous Tense
I had been learning English in this school for 20 days - Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous tense bataataa hai kee kaarya yaa action bhoot kaal meiN lagaataar jaaree rahaa thaa. Isakee pahachaan hai – vaakya ke ant meiN ‘rahaa thaa’, ‘rahee thee’, ‘rahe thay’ kaa prayog hotaa hai. Parantu aise vaakyo meN lagaataar samay kaa prayog jarooree hai. Agar vaakya meiN kaarya yaa action ek niyat samay se lagaataar jaaree thaa aur vaakya ke ant meiN ‘rahaa thaa’, ‘rahee thee’, ‘rahe thay’ ho, to vah Past Perfect Continuous Tense hai. Agar lagaataar samay nahee diyaa huaa hai aur vaakya ke ant meiN ‘rahaa thaa’, ‘rahee thee’, ‘rahe thay’ ho to vah vaakya Past Continuous Tense hai. Vaakya meiN lagaataar samay kaa prayog hee past continuous and past perfect continuous tense meiN antar (difference) bataataa hai.

Jaise – - Past Continuous Tense – MaiN is school meiN Enghlish Seekh rahaa thaa.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense - MaiN is school meiN 20 dino se English seekh rahaa thaa.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Positive

Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Positive
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Had + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (.)



In Past Perfect Continuous Tense, helping verb 'Had Been' is used and 'Ing' is added with first form of Verb. For time 'Since or For' is used. Word “Since’ is used when time mentioned in the sentence is certain and ‘For’ is used when time mentioned in the sentence is not certain.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense meiN sahaayak kriyaa 'Had Been' kaa prayog hotaa hai aur verb kee first form ke saath 'Ing' joDaa jaataa hai. Vaakya meiN diye huay time ke liye 'Since yaa For' kaa prayog hotaa hai. Agar time nishchit hai to ‘Since’ kaa prayog karate hai and agar time anishchit hai to ‘For’ kaa prayog karate hai.

Use of 'For' and 'Since'
"For" is applied before uncertain time:- "Since" is applied before certain time:-
Five hours, two hours, an hour 3 O'clock, 10 O'clock, 5 PM, 4 AM.
few days, four days, seven days Monday, Saturday, Sunday
two months, eight months March, June, December
One year, ten years 2011, 2012, 2013
for a long time Since long.
Yesterday, tomorrow, day after tomorrow
Morning, Evening, Night, Noon, Afternoon.
Birth, beginning, then, when

TOP
Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Positive MaiN do mahine se novel likh rahaa thaa.
Person Subject Had Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object Since / For Time + Remaining
Ist person I Had been writing a novel for two months.
Ist Person -Plural We Had been writing a novel for two months.
2nd Person You Had been writing a novel for two months.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema Had been writing a novel for two months.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys Had been writing a novel for two months.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Negative

Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Negative Subject + Had + Not + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (.)



In Past Perfect Continuous Negative sentence, 'Not' is added between 'Had' and 'Been'.

In Past Perfect Continuous Negative vaakya 'Not' ko 'Had' aur 'Been' ke beech meiN lagaate hai.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Negative MaiN January se kaafee nahee kamaa rahaa thaa.
Person Subject Had not Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object Since / For Time + Remaining
Ist person I Had not been earning enough since January
Ist Person -Plural We Had not been earning enough since January
2nd Person You Had not been earning enough since January
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema Had not been earning enough since January
3rd Person -Plural They/boys Had not been earning enough since January

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