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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-40th Day

ELC-40th Day - Chaaleesvaan Din

40th Day - Today also we shall learn about Modal Auxiliary Verbs. It is one of the most important subject of English language. We are learning about each Modal in detail.
It is important to know the main points about Modals.

Modals-3

Need

'Need' can be used both as a Modal Auxiliary Verb as well as Main Verb. Therefore it is also known as Semi Modal Verb.

'Need' ko Modal sahaayak Kriyaa aur mukhya Kriyaa dono prakaar se prayog kar sakate haiN. Isiliye ise Semi Modal Verb bhee kahate haiN.

Use of 'Need' as a Main Verb

As a Main Verb 'Need' is used as an ordinary verb and has the same three forms of verb and used as per the rules of different tenses. Like in Present Indefinite Tense the third person singular ends with an 's/es', and in interrogative and negative sentences 'Do/Does' is used. As a Main verb, 'Need' is normally followed by an infinitive 'To'. The basic meaning of 'Need' is necessity.

Mukhya Kriyaa ke taur par 'Need' kaa prayog sadhaaraN Verb kee tarah hotaa hai aur isakee teen Form hotee hai aur vibhinn Tense ke niyamo ke mutaabik inakaa prayog hotaa hai. Jaise Present Indefinite Tense meiN third person singular ke saath isame 's/es' lagataa hai aur prashnavaachak aur nakaaratamak vaakyoN meiN 'Do/Does' kaa prayog hotaa hai. Mukhya verb ke taur par 'Need' ke baad 'To' aataa hai. Need kaa mool arth hai Jaroorat/aavashyakataa.

Examples

Mujhe usake sahayog kee aavashyakataa hai. I need her support.
Kyaa use meree aavashyakataa hai? Does she need my attention?
Mujhe kisee cheej kee bhee jaroorat nahee paDee. I did not need anything else.
Mujhe hotel meiN rukane kee jaroorat paDegee. I will need to stay in a hotel.
Mujhe use baar baar yaad dilaane kee jaroorat nahee hotee hai. I don't need to remind her again and again.
Use kuchh paiso kee jaroorat padee. She needed some money.
Us par chillaane kee koi aavashyakataa nahee hai. There is no need to shout at her.
Mujhe tumhaaree sahaanubhuti kee koi aavashyakataa nahee hai. I do not need your sympathy.
Vah meraa maargadarshan nahee maang rahaa hai. Use meree salaah par kaarya karane kee bhee jaroorat nahee hotee hai. He is not seeking my guidance. He also does not need to act upon my advice.
Vah yash/khyaati chaahatee hai. She needs fame.
Kyaa use doctor sey milane ki jaroorat hui? Did she need to see a doctor?
Sachchaa dost vahee hai jo jaroorat meiN kaam aaye. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
Unake beech meiN samajhotaa karane ke liye unhe meree aavashyakataa hui. They needed me to make compromise between them.
Mujhe aaraam karane kee jaroorat hai. I need to take rest.
Tumhe usake baare meiN sakht hone kee jaroorat hai. You need to be strict about her.
Tumhe usake baare meiN chintaa karane kee jaroorat nahee hai. You do not need to worry about her.
Tumhe itanaa khush hone kee jaroorat nahee hai. You do not need to be so happy.
Kyaa use kapaDo ko press karane kee aavashyakataa hai? Does she need to iron the clothes?
Car ke aage ke daanye pahiye ko badale jaane kee jaroorat hai. The front right tyre of your car needs to be changed.

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Use of 'Need' as a Modal Verb

As you know, Modals are helping verbs and are used with the Main Verbs. It remains same with Singular or Plural or any Person of the Subject. Always first form of Main verb is used after Modals. Modals do not change their form (i.e. spelling / addition of 's', 'ing' or 'en') according to the tense of the sentence. Infinitive 'To' comes only after two Modals - 'Used To' and 'Ought To'. Infinitive 'To' does not come after other Modals.

Jaisaa kee aap jaanate hai, Modal sahaayak kriyaa hai aur mukhya verb ke saath prayukt hote hai. Yah singular yaa plural yaa Subject ke kisee bhee person ke saath samaan rahate hai. Modal ke saath hameshaa mukhya verb kee Ist form istemaal hotee hai. Modal kee form vaakya ke Tense ke anusaar nahee badalatee hai (jaise spelling / 's/es' yaa 'ing' yaa 'en' kaa laganaa). Infinitive 'To' kewal 2 Modal 'Used To' aur 'Ought To' ke baad aataa hai. 'To' baaki Modal ke baad nahee aataa hai.

'Need' as a Modal is used to express necessity. It is used in Negative and Interrogative sentences only. It is not used in Affirmative sentences. As Modal Verb, 'Need' has no past tense. In past tense also Modal 'Need' is not written as 'Needed'.

'Need' Modal ke taur par aavashyakataa ko vyakt karataa hai. Yah kewal nakaaratamak aur prashnaatamak vaakyoN men prayukt hotaa hai. Yah sakaaraatamak vaakyoN meiN prayog nahee hotaa hai. 'Modal' ke taur par 'Need' kaa past tense nahee hotaa hai. Past tense meiN bhee Modal 'Need' ko 'Needed' nahee likhaa jaataa hai.
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Examples

Tumhe usake baare meiN chintaa karane kee jaroorat nahee hai. You need not worry about her.
Kyaa use kapaDo ko press karane kee aavashyakataa hai? Need she iron the clothes?
Tumhe kaaryakram meiN shaamil hone kee jaroorat nahee hai. You need not attend the function.
Tumhe hamaare saath aane kee jaroorat nahee hai. You need not accompany us.
Use tumhe sthaanaanter karane kee aavashyakataa nahee hai. He need not transfer you.
Pradhaan Mantree ji ko doosaree paartiyoN kaa dabaav mehsoos karane kee jaroorat nahee hai. The Prime Minister need not feel pressure of other parties.
Sarkaar ko kisee bhee vastu par aarthik sahayataa baDhaane kee jaroorat nahee hai. The government need not increase subsidy on any item.
Ab tumhe Angrejee ShikShak ko DhoonDhane kee jaroorat nahee hai. Now you need not search for an English tutor.
Use intejaar karane kee jaroorat nahee hai. She need not wait.
Agar vah nahee aanaa chaahati hai to use aane kee jaroorat nahee hai. She need not come if she doesn't want to.
Use mere office aane kee jaroorat nahee hai. He need not come to my office.
Kyaa mujhe aur adhik samay tak hotel meiN rukane kee jaroorat hai? Need I stay in the Hotel any longer?
Tumhe kal dopahar kaa khaanaa laane kee jaroorat nahee hai. You needn't bring lunch for tomorrow.
Use office jaane ke liye car chalaane kee jaroorat nahee hai. She need not drive the car to go to office.
Tumhe usake liye nayee car khareedane kee jaroorat nahee hai. You need not buy a new car for him.
Tumhe meree padonnati ke liye vinatee karane kee aavashyakataa nahee hai. You need not request for my promotion.
Use is vishaya par baat karane kee jaroorat nahee hai. He need not talk on this subject.
Unhe nirNaya par aapatti karane kee jaroorat nahee hai. They need not protest against the decision.
KaramachaarioN ko unake maange naa maane jaane par niraash hone kee jaroorat nahee hai. Workers need not get disheartened if their demands are not met.
Prabandhak varg ko khush hone kee jaroorat nahee hai kyonki aandolan khatm nahee huaa hai. Management need not be happy as the agitation is not over.
HameN doosare deshoN se rupayaa maangane kee jaroorat nahee hai agar hum swayam kifaayat kareN. We need not borrow money from other countries, if we economise ourselves.

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Interrogative sentence started with 'Need' - If answer of such question is affirmative, then 'Must' is used insted of 'Need' in the answer. If answer of such question is negative, then 'Need not' is used.

'Need' se shuru Prashnavaachak vaakya - Yadi inakaa uttar sakaaraatamak hai to uttar meiN 'Need' kee bajaaye 'Must' kaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai. Yadi aise prashn kaa uttar nakaaraatamak ho to 'Need not' kaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai.

Examples

Kyaa inspector ko mere ghar aane kee jaroorat hai? Need the Inspector visit my home?
Haan use hai. Yes he must.
Nahee use jaroorat nahee hai. No he needn't.
Kyaa airport jaane ke liye mujhe meree car lene kee jaroorat hai? Need I take my car to go to the airport?
Nahee tumhe car lene kee jaroorat nahee hai. No you needn't take your car.
Haan tumhe jaroor car lenee hai. Yes you must take your car.
Kyaa tumhe itane saare rupayoN kee jaroorat hai? Need you require this much money?
Haan mujhe itane saare rupaye chaahiye. Yes I must require this much money.
Nahee mujhe itane saare rupayoN kee jaroorat nahee hai. No I needn't require this much money.
Kyaa sarkaar ko vittiya chhooT wale cylindero kee sankhyaa kam karane kee jaroorat hai? Need the Government reduce the number of subsidized cylinders?
Haa sarkaar ko vittiya chhooT wale cylindero kee sankhyaa kam karanee chaahiye. Yes the Government must reduce the number of subsidized cylinders.
Nahee sarkaar ko vittiya chhooT wale cylindero kee sankhyaa kam karane kee jaroorat nahee hai. No the Government needn't reduce the number of subsidized cylinders.
Kyaa mujhe pehale tumhaare ghar aane kee jaroot hai aur baad meiN office jaane kee. Need I come to your home first and then go to office?
Nahee tumhe mere ghar aane kee jaroorat nahee hai. No you needn't come to my home.
Haan tumhe pahale mere ghar aanaa chaahiye. Yes you must come to my home first.

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'Need' in Perfect Tense is used to express that it would have been correct if the work was not done or the manner in which the work done was not necessary or required to be done in that manner.

'Need' kaa Perfect Tense meiN prayog vyakt karataa hai kee sahee hotaa agar jo kaaya sampann huaa hai, nahee sampann hotaa yaa jis Dhang se kaarya huaa hai us prakaar sampann karane kee jaroorat yaa aavashyakataa nahee thee.

Examples

Use aise chhoTe kaam ke liye Mahaprabandhak tak pahunchane kee jaroorat nahee thee. He needn't have approached the General Manager for such a small job.
Tumhe use gaalee dene kee jaroorat nahee thee. You need not have abused him.
Tumhe usake saath jaane kee jaroorat nahee thee. He need not have gone with her.
Unhe abhee apanee car ko bechane kee jaroorat nahee thee. They need not have sold their car now.
Use itane vistaar se use patra likhane kee jaroorat nahee thee. She need not have written such a detailed letter to him.
LaDake ko nishiddh kShetra meiN pravesh karane kee jaroorat nahee thee. The boy need not have entered in the prohibited area.
Tumhe usakaa niShkaasan radd karane kee jaroorat nahee thee. You need not have revoked his termination.
Traffic police ko saDak par avarodh khaDaa karane kee jaroorat nahee thee. The traffic police need not have created hurdles on the road.
Sarkaar ko abhee chunaav ghoshit karane kee aavashyakataa nahee thee. The government need not have announced election now.
Mujhe usake vyaktigat maamalo meiN khud ko lipt karane kee jaroorat nahee thee. I need not have involved myself in her personal matters.
Tumhe usase dobaaraa maafee mangawaane kee jaroorat nahee thee. You need not have made him apologised again.
Tumhe aaj use bhed bataane kee jaroorat nahee thee. You need not have disclosed the secret to him today.

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