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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-19th Day

ELC-19th Day - UnnisavaaN Din

19th Day - Today we shall learn about Question Making. Question making is very important in any language. By making questions, we seek information from others. How many types of Questions are there? How do we make questions? Let us begin.

Question Making

In conversation, when you are to ask any thing, you are to make a question. How many types of questions are there? How do we make questions? What is W-family and how the question is made with the words of W-family. We will learn all about Question making. A sentence asking question is an Interrogative sentence. Interrogative sentences are as important as Affirmative sentences.

Baatcheet ke dauraan jab aapako kisee se koi baat poochhanee ho to aapako prashnA karanaa hotaa hai. Kitane prakaar ke prashnA hote hai? Ham prashnA kaise banaate hai? W-family kyaa hai aur W-family ke shabdoN se kaise prashnA banate hai?. Ham prashnA banaane ke baare meiN sab jaanenge. Vaakya jo prashnA poochhataa hai Prashnvaachak vaakya kahlaataa hai. Sakaaraatmak vaakyo kee tarah Prashnaatmak vaakya bhee utane hee mahatvapoorN hai.

Question making sentences are of the following types:

1 - Yes/No Type
2 - Tag Type
3 - W-family Type
4 - Alternative Type
5 - Declarative Type
6 - Rhetorical Type
7 - Short Questions

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Yes/No Type Questions

The questions, answer of which can be given in Yes or No, are known as Yes/No type questions. Yes/No type questions start with Helping Verbs (Is, Are, Am, Was, Were, Has, Have, Had, Will, Shall, May, Can, Would, Should, etc )

Ve prashnA jinakaa uttar Haan yaa Naa meiN diyaa jaa sake, Yes/No prakaar ke prashnA kahalaate hai. Aise prashnA sahaayak kriyaa - Helping Verbs (Is, Are, Am, Was, Were, Has, Have, Had, Will, Shall, May, Can, Would, Should, etc ) se shuru hote hai.
Examples

Vaakya Sentence
Kyaa tum office jaa rahe ho? Are you going to office?
Kyaa tum use jaanatee ho? Do you know him?
Kyaa India Jeet gayaa? Did India win?
Kyaa tum mere paas aaoge? Will you come to me?
Kyaa baahar ThanD hai? Is it cold outside?
Kyaa barsaat ho rahee thee? Was it raining?
Kyaa vah paagal ho gayaa hai? Has he gone mad?
Kyaa maiN andar aa sakataa hoon? May I come in?
Kyaa tum 200 seeDhiyaaN chaDh sakate ho? Can you climb 200 stairs?
Kyaa vah tumhe roj phone karataa hai? Does he ring you up daily?
Kyaa vah roj tumhaare saath jaatee hai? Does she go with you daily?
Kyaa usakee shaadee ho gai hai? Has he got married?
Kyaa tum mujhe apanaa dost nahee maanate? Don't you treat me your friend?
Kyaa tum us laDakee ko nahee ghoor rahe ho? Aren’t you staring at that girl?

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Yes/No type questions can be positive or negative. While giving answers, after Yes or No, the sentence is also repeated by few persons depending upon the mood and circumstances e.g. Question - Did she come to see you yesterday? Answer - Yes, she came to see me yesterday or Yes, she came yesterday or Yes, she came or only Yes or No.

Yes/No prakaar ke prashnA sakaaraatmak yaa nakaaraatmak ho sakate hai. Aise prashno kaa jawaab dete vakt, Yes yaa No ke baad vaakya ko bhee kuchh log mood yaa paristhiti ke anusaar dohraatay hai - jaise - PrashnA - Kyaa vah kal tumase milane aai? Jawaab - Haan, vah kal mujhase milane aai yaa Haan, vah kal aai yaa Haan, vah aai yaa kewal Haan yaa Na.

Tag Type Questions

In Tag Type questions, a question is added after a statement in order to request confirmation or disconfirmation from the listener. It is also used to to make statement impressive or to attract the attention of listeners.

Tag-Type ke prashnA meiN prashnA vaakya ke ant meiN ek poochhalle kee tarah juDe hote hai. Inakaa uddeshya shrotaa se kathan kee pushtee chaahanaa hotaa hai. Isakaa prayog apane kathan ko prabhaavshaalee banaane yaa shortaao kaa dhyaan aakarshit karane ke liye bhee kiyaa jaataa hai.
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Examples
Vaakya Sentence
Vah pakode banaa rahee hai, nahee kyaa? She is making pakoras, isn't she?
Vah ek imaandaar vyakti hai, nahee kyaa? He is an honest man, isn't he?
Vah Rajat ko pasand karatee hai, nahee kyaa? She likes Rajat, doesn't she?
Chaay ThanDee nahee hai, hai kyaa? Tea is not cold, is it?
Ham Jaipur meiN jyaadaa nahee rahe, rahe kyaa We didn't live long in Jaipur, did we?
MaiN aapase pahale mil chukaa hoon, nahee kyaa? I have already met you, haven't I?
Vah tumase pyaar karatee hai, nahee kyaa? She loves you, doesn't she?
Tumhaaraa dost tumhaaree madad karegaa, nahee karegaa kyaa Your friend will help you, won't he?
Vah intajaar kar rahee hogee, nahee kyaa? She will be waiting, won't she?
Vartika ab dance nahee karatee hai, hai kyaa? Now Vartika does not dance, does she?
MaiN ek pustak paDh rahaa hoon, nahee kyaa? I am reading a book, aren't I?
MaiN use gaalee nahee de rahaa hoon, hoon kyaa? I am not abusing him, am I?
Avyan aaj nahee khel rahaa hai, hai kyaa? Avyan is not playing today, is he?
Yah tumhaaraa bag nahee hai, hai kyaa? It is not your bag, is it?
Sita aur Gita bahane hai, nahee kyaa? Sita and Gita are sisters, aren't they?
Yah sach hai, nahee kyaa? It is true, isn't it?
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Vaakya Sentence
Ek vyakti jindagee se sab kuchh seekhataa hai, nahee kyaa? One person learns everything from life, doesn't he?
Ek ek ke maataa pitaa kaa kahanaa maanataa hai, nahee kyaa? One obeys one's parents, doesn't one?
Yah pustak bahut rochak hai, nahee kyaa? This book is very interesting, isn't it?
Vah ek gaay hai, nahee kyaa? That is a cow, isn't it?
Ye caareN se aayaat kee gai hai, nahee kyaa? These cars are imported from the USA, aren't they?
Ve sunahare din thay, nahee kyaa? Those days were golden days, weren't they?
Yah laDakee F-1 race meiN bhaag le rahee hai, nahee kyaa? This girl is taking part in F-1 race, isn't she?
Us aadamee ne juve meiN sab kuchh kho diyaa hai, nahee kyaa? That man has lost everything in gambling, hasn't he?
Mujhe koi bhee naa nahee kah sakataa hai, kah sakate hai kyaa No one can say no to me, can they?
Har koi Hall meiN ekdum se jaayenge, nahee kyaa? Everybody will go to hall at once, won't they?
Kuchh bhee spashT nahee hai, hai kyaa? Nothing is clear, is it?
Ham sabhee bhavishya ke baare meiN jaanane ko utsuk hai, nahee kyaa? All of us are curious to know about future, aren't we?
Aap sabhee ne is chakra ko paas kar liyaa hai, nahee kyaa? All of you have qualified this round, haven't you?
Kisee ne tumhaaraa naam nahee liyaa hai, hai kyaa? None have called your name, have they?
Kisee ne usakee kahaaNee par vishwaas nahee kiya, kiyaa kyaa? Nobody believed his story, did they?
Darawaajaa kholo, khologe kyaa? Open the door, will you (or won't you) ?
JhooTh mat bolo, bologe kyaa? Don't tell a lie, will you?
Apanee jabaan sambhaalo, nahee kar sakate kyaa? Mind your language, can't you?
Use apanee sahelee se milane jaane de, de kyaa? Let him go to see her friend, should we?

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