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Modals
  1. May
  2. Might
  3. Can
  4. Could
  5. Shall/Will
  6. Should/Ought To
  7. Would
  8. Must
  9. Need
  10. Dare
  11. Used To

Might

'May' is used to express possibility or uncertainty of any happening. 'Might' is also used to express possibility or uncertainty where possibility is very less (only about 10-20%).

'Might' kaa arth hai 'Shaayad hee' (jahaaN kewal 10-20% ummeed ho). May' kaa prayog koi ghaTanaa ghaTit hone yaa sambhaavana yaa anishchitataa ko vyakt karataa hai. 'Might' kaa prayog bhee sambhaavana vyakt karane ke liye kiyaa jaataa hai jahaaN bahut kam sambhaavanaa ho (kewal 10-20%).

Examples

Vah shaayad hee aa sakataa hai. He might come.
Vah shaayad bhookhee hogee. She might be hungry.
Main vachan nahee detaa hooN. MaiN shaayad tumase milu. I don't promise. I might call you.
Vah shaayad hamaaree company meiN chunaa jaaye. He might get selected in our company.
Vah usase shaam ko shaayad mile. She might meet him in the evening.
Vah VRS scheme ke baare meiN shaayad kuchh jaanataa ho. He might know something about VRS scheme.
Election se pahale shaayad yah usakaa aakhiree bhaaShaN ho sakataa hai. This might be his last speech before the election.

This gift may please her - There is a possibilility of 50-60% that the gift may please her. This gift might please her - There is a remote possibility (only 10-20%) that the gift may please her. The difference of 'May' and 'Might' becomes visible by the voice tone expressing the good possibility or meek possibility.

This gift may please her - 50-60% sambhaavana hai ki gift use khush kar sakataa hai. This gift might please her - Bahut kam sambhaavanaa hai (kewal 10-20%) ki gift use khush kare. 'May' aur 'Might' kaa antar aawaaj ke utaar chaDhaav se spaShT ho jaataa hai.

'Might' is also used to make request. It expresses more politeness and shows hesitation or less confidence of the speaker. It also hints that the request may not be accepted.

'Might' kaa prayog bhee nivedan/request karane ke liye kiyaa jaataa hai. Yah jyaadaa shiShTataa vyakt karataa hai aur vaktaa kee jhijhak aur atmavishawaas kee kamee ko vyakt karataa hai. Yah nivedan ke sweekrat naa hone kee sambhaavanaa ko bhee ingit karataa hai.
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Examples

Kyaa maiN tumhaaree car udhaar le sakataa hooN? Might I borrow your car?
Kyaa maiN tumhaare Chairman se mil sakataa hooN? Might I meet your Chairman?
Kyaa ham tumhaare khaalee flat ko 10 dino tak istemaal kar sakate haiN? Might we use your vacant flat for ten days?
Kyaa tum aaj bartan saaf kar sakate ho? Might you clean the utensils today?
Kyaa tum aaj saDak kinaare jhaaDu lagaa sakate ho? Might you sweep the roadside today?

'Might' is the past tense of 'May'. In Direct Indirect, 'May' is changed to 'Might'.

'Might' 'May' kaa past tense hai. Direct Indirect meiN 'May' ko 'Might' meiN badalaa jaataa hai.

Examples

He said, "He may come today". He told that he might come that day.
She asked, "May she go to Chandigarh by bus"? She asked whether she might go to Chandigarh by bus.
Principal said to students, "You all may appear in the campus interview". Principal told students that they all might appear in the campus interview.
Her mother said to me, "She may agree to accompany her". Her mother told that she might agree to accompany her.
He said to Avyan, "You may dance in front of all". He told Avyan that he might dance in front of all.

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May have / Might have

'May have/Might have' is used to express the possibility that something (action/event) has already happened. It is also used to say that by some time in the future, it is possible that something will have happened. Use of 'May/Might' in Perfect Tense - Third form of Verb is used after 'May have/Might have'.

'May have/Might have' kaa prayog yah sambhaavanaa darshaane ke liye kiyaa jaataa hai kee koi kriyaa ho chukee hai. Isakaa prayog yah kahane ke liye bhee kiyaa jaataa hai ki bahvishya ke nirdisht samay tak kisee kriyaa ke hone kee sambhaavanaa hai. Perfect Tense meiN 'May/Might' kaa prayog - 'May have/Might have' ke baad Verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai.

I am setting or will set a reminder in my mobile phone, otherwise I may/might forget my wedding anniversary.
She is normal today. She may/might have forgotten about the anniversary.
First sentence is talking about present or future possibility and the second sentence is talking about past possibility.

MaiN apane phone meiN reminder daal rahaa hooN/daalungaa, nahee to maiN apanee shaadee kee varshagaanTh bhool sakataa hooN (aisee sambhaavanaa hai).
Vah aaj normal hai. Vah shaayad shaadee kee varshagaanTh bhool gayee hogee.
Pahalaa vaakya vartamaan yaa bhavishaya kee sambhaavanaa ke baare meiN kah rahaa hai aur doosaraa vaakya bhootakaal kee sambhaavanaa ke baare meiN kah rahaa hai.


Examples

Mujhe lagataa hai ab tak shaayad vah so gayee hogee. I think she might have slept by now.
Vey aaj Agra pahunch chuke honge aisee sambhaavanaa hai. They might have reached Agra by today.
Tum shaayad meraa naam bhool gaye ho. You might have forgotten my name.
Vah ek durghaTanaa thee. Driver shaayad choTil ho gayaa hai.(HameN sahee jaanakaaree nahee hai parantu sambhaavanaa hai aur shaayad vah choTil huaa hai) That was an accident. The driver may have been injured. (We do not know the exact position but possibility exists and probably he is injured)
Vah ek durghaTanaa thee. Driver choTil ho sakataa thaa. (Sambhaavanaa thee parantu driver ChoTil nahee huaa) That was an accident. He might have been injured. (There was a possibility but driver was not injured)
Agale Monday tak maiN apanaa saunpaa huaa kaam khatm kar sakataa thaa. By next Monday, I might have completed my assignment.
Agale Monday tak maiN shaayad apanaa saunpaa huaa kaam khatm kar sakataa hooN. By next Monday, I may have completed my assignment.
Vah mujhe meeting meiN aamantrit kar sakataa thaa ( parantu usane nahee kiyaa) He might have invited me in the meeting (but he did not invite).
Vah mujhe meeting meiN aamantrit kar sakataa hai aisee sambhaavanaa hai. He may have invited me in the meeting.
Kisane tumhaaree anguThee churaai hogee? Who might have stolen your ring?

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Usane kyaa kiyaa hogaa? What might he have done?
Usase train chhooT gayee hogee. (sambhaavanaa hai) He may have missed the train (There is a possibility).
Usase train chhooT gayee hogee. (bahut kam sambhaavanaa hai) He might have missed the train (There is least possibility).
Ab shaayad computer chal rahaa hogaa.(bahut kam sambhaavanaa hai) The computer might be working now (There is least possibility)
Plumber ab kaarya kar rahaa hogaa (aisee sambhaavanaa hai). The plumber may be working now.
Asafalataa ke liye use doSh diyaa jaa sakataa hai. (sambhaavanaa hai) He may be blamed for the debacle.
Asafalataa ke liye use doSh diyaa jaa sakataa hai. (bahut kam sambhaavanaa hai) He might be blamed for the debacle.
Vah shaayad aapatti kare. He may protest.
Vah shaayad hee aapatti kare. He might protest.
Tum May/Might ke prayog shaayad samajh gaye honge (sambhaavanaa hai) You may have understood the uses of May/Might.
Tum May/Might ke prayog shaayad hee samajhe honge (bahut kam sambhaavanaa hai) You might have understood the uses of May/Might.


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