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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-18th Day

ELC-18th Day - AThaarahavaaN Din

18th Day - Today we shall learn about Articles - 'A/An' and 'The'. 'Articles' look small but it has great importance in English Grammar.

Articles - 'A/An' and 'The'

An article is a word that describes or tell more about the Noun. It is used before the noun to show whether it refers to something specific or general. So, in a way, articles can also be described as a type of adjectives as they also tell us something about the nouns, like adjectives. Articles are also known as Determiners.

Article are of two types:
1 Indefinite Articles - A/An - Indicate to general things or persons. The things or persons which are not sure / not particular / not certain or not specific.

2 Definite Article - The - Indicate to particular things or persons. The things or persons which are certain / specific or particular.

Article vah shabd hai jo Noun ke baare meiN bataataa hai yaa vyaakhyaa karataa hai. Yah Noun se pahale yah bataane ke liye prayog hotaa hai kee Noun khaas / vishesh hai yaa nahee. Isliye, Article bhee ek prakaar kaa Adjective hai jo Noun ke baare meiN bataataa hai. Articles ko Determiners bhee kahaa jaataa hai

Articles do prakaar ke hote hai:
1 Indefinite Articles - A or An - Nishchit vastu, vyakti yaa sthaan kee taraf sanket nahee karate .

2 Definite Article - The - Kisee nishchit vastu, vyakti yaa sthaan kee taraf sanket karataa hai.

Article 'A/An'

A and an are the indefinite articles. In a sentence when Noun is Singular Countable Noun and it is not a definite, then Article A/An is used.

A aur An Anishchit articles hai. Vakyo meiN anishchit Singular Countable Noun se poorv Article A/An kaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai.

Mere pass ek pen hai. I have a pen.
Vah ek artist hai. She is an artist.
Maine kal ek chhaataa khareedaa. I bought an umbrella yesterday.
Usane mujhe ek pyaaj diyaa. She gave me an onion.
Kyaa aapake paas pustak hai? Do you have a book?

Difference between 'A' and 'An'

‘A’ is used before a word (singular) beginning with a consonant or a vowel with consonant sound. Consonant letters in the English alphabet are B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z.
For example: A boy, a girl, a pen, a book, a dog, a table, etc.

‘An’ is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound. Vowel letters in the English alphabet are A, E, I, O, U.
For example: An umbrella, an elephant, an apple, an orphan, an artist, etc.

Please Note that 'An' is used on the basis of vowel sound and not only on the basis of the starting vowel letter of the word.
For example: "An hour" , "An honest man"", "A young man"", "A house", "An heir", "A useful book", "An M.L.A", "An F.I.R.", "An X-ray", "An LL.B", "A husband", "An honour", "An year", "A one-rupee note", "An IAS" etc.
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In the above examples, 'An' is used on the basis of sound’. The words 'hour', 'heir, and 'honest' both begin with a vowel sound, as the consonant 'h' is silent. Similarly, the word 'house' and 'useful' begins with the consonant sound of 'h' & 'yoo' hence 'A' is used before them.

'A' aur 'An' ke beech kyaa antar hai

'A' kaa prayog us singular noun shabd se pahale kiyaa jaataa hai jis shabd kaa pratham akShar vyanjan (consonant) hai yaa pratham akShar kee dhwanee swar nahee hai . English bhaaShaa meiN vyanjan akShar hai - B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z.
For example: A boy, a girl, a pen, a book, a dog, a table, etc.

'An' kaa prayog us singular noun shabd se pahale kiyaa jaataa hai jis shabd kee pratham dhwanee swar ho. English bhaaShaa meiN swar akShar hai - A, E, I, O, U.
For example: An umbrella, an elephant, an apple, an orphan, an artist, etc.

Dhayaan dijiye 'An' kaa prayog pratham akShar kee swar dhwanee ke aadhaar par kiyaa jaataa hai, naa kee shabd ke pratham swar akShar hone par.
For example: "An hour" , "An honest man"", "A young man"", "A house", "An heir", "A useful book", "An M.L.A", "An F.I.R.", "An X-ray", "An LL.B", "A husband", "An honour", "An year", "A one-rupee note", "An IAS" aadee.
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Specific use of 'A/An'

Specific use of A/An A/An kaa prayog Examples
A/An' is used before Singular Countable Noun. A Noun which can be counted. Singular Countable Noun se pahale 'A/An' kaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai. Countable kaa arth hai jisakee ginatee ho sake. An Artist, a doctor, a boy, a dog, an umbrella.
A/An' is used before singular noun. It is not used before plural noun. A/An' singular noun se pahale prayog kiyaa jaataa hai, plural noun se pahale nahee. A book' is correct, 'a books' is incorrect as word 'books' is plural.
A/An' is not used before proper noun, but when it is unknown for the speaker, 'A/An' is used. Proper noun se pahale 'A/An' kaa prayog nahee hotaa hai lekin jab vakta ke liye vah anjan hai to 'A/An' kaa prayog hotaa hai. This book is written by a Rajeev Ailawadi (Here Ailawadi is an unknown person for the speaker).
A/an' is used after words what & such in exclamatory sentences. Exclamatory vaakyo meiN What & Such ke baad singular countable noun se pahale A/An kaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai. What a scene, What a lovely boy, Such a big hall.
A/An' is used before professions. Profession se pahale 'A/An' kaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai. She is a teacher, He is an engineer, He is a manager, Ram is an MP.

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Specific use of A/An A/An kaa prayog Examples
A/An' is used when someone is introduced by features or personality of important/famous persons. Kisee vishishT vyakti kee upamaa se kisee anya kee pahachaan dee jaaye to A/An kaa prayog hotaa hai. He is a Dara Singh of our colony, She is a Hitler, She is a Lata Mangeshkar of our college.
A/An' is used before a verb which is used as a noun in a sentence. Vaakya meiN jab verb kaa prayog noun kee tarah kiyaa jaye, to usase pahalaa A/An kaa prayog hotaa hai. We go for a walk daily, We had a long discussion, She wants to have a bath.
A/An is used after words -many/rather/quite/such, if it come before singular noun. Many/rather/quite/such ke baad yadi singular noun aaye, to usase pahale A/An kaa prayog hotaa hai. Many a times, quite an easy question, such an intelligent boy, rather a lovely place.
If Adjective comes before singular noun, then A/An is used before Adjective. Yadi singular noun se pahale koi adjective aataa hai, to A/An ko Adjective se pahale lagaate hai. She is a beautiful girl, He is not a good person, He is an intelligent boy, She is an honest minister.
Before a singular noun which refers to a class of things. Kisee jaati /vishesh ko vyakt karane ke liye, A/An kaa prayog singular noun se pahale kiyaa jaataa hai. An orange is rich in vitamins. A dog is an animal. A parrot is a bird, I am a journalist, She is an Indian.
A/An is used for certain expressions of quantity and numbers. Kuchh maatra aur number se pahale, A/An kaa prayog hotaa hai. A lot of things, a few samples, a couple of days, a hundred rupee note, a million dollar question.

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