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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Modals >> Shall-Will
Modals
  1. May
  2. Might
  3. Can
  4. Could
  5. Shall/Will
  6. Should/Ought To
  7. Would
  8. Must
  9. Need
  10. Dare
  11. Used To

Shall/Will

In Future Tense helping verb ‘Shall’ is used with ‘I’ and ‘We’. Helping verb ‘Will’ is used with all others. When you are to make a commitment or warn someone or emphasize something, use of 'will/shall' is reversed. ‘Will’ is used with ‘I’ & ‘We’ and 'shall' is used with others.

Shall kewal ‘I’ aur ‘We’ ke saath aur ‘Will' baakee sab ke saath aataa hai.Jab kisee ko chetaavanee denee ho yaa vaayadaa karanaa ho yaa vishwaas ke saath koi baat kahanee ho yaa koi baat hogee hee yaa honee hee chaahiye yaa kahane waale kaa nishchaya darshaanaa ho to ultaa ‘I’ aur ‘We’ ke saath ‘Will’ kaa aur baakee sab ke saath ‘Shall’ kaa prayog karate hai.

Now-a-days these uses of Shall have become old fashioned and in general speaking there is hardly any difference between 'shall & will' and normally ‘Will’ is used with all.

Aajkal Shall kaa prayog jyaadaa prachalan meiN nahee hai. Aamtaur par bolchaal kee bhaaShaa meiN jyaadaatar ‘Will’ kaa hee prayog sabhee ke saath hotaa hai.

Traditional use of Shall / Will

Traditional Use of Shall/Will
Person Subject Shall/Will Use of Shall/Will with Ist/2nd/3rd Person
Ist person I Shall Normal use of future action
Ist Person -Plural We Shall Normal use of future action
Ist person I Will Promise/Command/Determination/Warning
Ist Person -Plural We Will Promise/Command/Determination/Warning
2nd Person You Will Normal use of future action
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram Will Normal use of future action
3rd Person -Plural They/boys Will Normal use of future action
2nd Person You Shall Promise/Command/Determination/Warning
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram Shall Promise/Command/Determination/Warning
3rd Person -Plural They/boys Shall Promise/Command/Determination/Warning



Examples

MaiN yah pustak Somavaar ko prakashit karungaa.(SaadhaaraN) I shall release this book on Monday.(Normal)
MaiN yah pustak Somavaar ko avashya prakashit karungaa.(Vaayadaa) I will release this book on Monday. (Commitment)
Vah mere kamare meiN pravesh nahee karegaa. (SaadhaaraN) He will not enter my room. (Normal)
Vah mere kamare meiN pravesh nahee (nahee par jyaadaa jor) karegaa. (Aadesh) He shall not enter my room. (Command)
HameN usakaa prastaav sweekaar naa karane par sajaa milegee.(SaadhaaraN) We shall be punished for not accepting his proposal.(Normal)
HameN usakaa prastaav sweekaar naa karane par sajaa(jaroor) milegee.(Dhamakee) We will be punished for not accepting his proposal.(Threat)
Vah tumhe saara paisaa Shukravaar ko (jaroor) de degaa. (Vaayadaa) He shall pay you all the money on Friday.(Promise)
Vah tumhe saara paisaa Shukravaar ko de degaa. (SaadhaaraN) He will pay you all the money on Friday. (Normal)
Vah kakShaa meiN shikhar par aane ke liye kaDee paDhaai (pakkaa) karegee. (Nishchaya) She shall study hard to top the class. (Determination)
Vah kakShaa meiN shikhar par aane ke liye kaDee paDhaai karegee. (SaadhaaraN) She will study hard to top the class. (Normal)
Ham Ravivaar ko mauj karenge. We shall enjoy on Sunday. (Normal)
Ham Ravivaar ko avashya mauj karenge. (Vaayadaa) We will enjoy on Sunday.(Promise)

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'Shall' is used to ask questions, to know others will and to work as per other's will.

'Shall' kaa prayog prashan karane, doosare kee ichchhaa jaanane aur doosare kee ichchhaanusaar kaarya karane ke liye kiyaa jaataa hai

Examples

Kyaa maiN tumhaare liye ek glass paanee laau? Shall I bring a glass of water for you?
Kyaa yah bag maiN yahaaN rakh dooN? Shall I keep this bag here?
Kyaa maiN TV band kar dooN? Shall I switch off the TV?
Usake liye kaun saa pen khareedooN? Which pen shall I buy for her?
Ham kahaaN jaayenge? Where shall we go?
Kyaa maiN aapake saath chalooN? Shall I accompany you?
Kyaa maiN usakaa naam punchhooN? Shall I ask her name?
Kyaa maiN aapake liye ek seat khaalee rakhooN? Shall I keep one seat vacant for you?
Kyaa nurse baahar intajaar kare? (Kyaa tum chaahate ho ki vah intajaar kare yaa nahee?) Shall the nurse wait outside? (Do you want her to wait or not?)
Kyaa vah apanaa case uchch star par prastut kare? (Kyaa tum ijaajat dete ho)? Shall she represent her case at higher level? (Do you permit?)



'Will' is used to express Will, Wish, Command, Determination also.

'Will' kaa prayog Ichchhaa, Marjee, Chaahat, Aadesh, Nishchaya ko bhee vyakt karataa hai.

Examples

MaiN agalee baar apanaa sarvashreshTh karungaa.(Vachan) I will do my best next time. (Promise)
MaiN tumhaare ghar letter de dungaa. (Ichchhaa) I will deliver the letter at your home (Willing)
Sainik laDaai ke maidaan meiN shatru ko maar denge yaa mar jaayenge.(Nishchaya) Soldiers will kill the enemy or die in the war field. (Determination)
Ladake laal rang kee shirt nahee pahanenge.(Aadesh) Boys will not wear the red colour shirt.(command)
Koi bhee parikShaa bhawan meiN mobile nahee laayegaa. (Aadesh) Nobody will bring their mobile in the examination hall.
MaiN usase dobaaraa maafee mangawaaungaa.(nishchaya) I will make him apologize again.

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'Will' is used with 3rd Person to express normal habitand when 'Won't' is used in question, it often depicts Invitation.

'Will' kaa prayog 3rd Person kee saamaanya aadat ko vyakt karane ke liye prayog hotaa hai aur jab 'Won't' kaa prayog prashn karane meiN hotaa hai tab yah aksar invitation ko vyakt karataa hai.

Examples

Ek sthaan par ikaThThee laDkiyaaN chup nahee rahegee.(Aadat) The girls gathered at one place will not keep mum. (habit)
LaDake laDkiyoN ko ghoorenge. The boys will stare at girls.
Vah hameshaa baDee baat karegaa. He will always talk big.
Vah samaaroh meiN saaree pahanegee. She will wear saree in the function.
Kyaa tum hamaare saath dinner par nahee rahoge? (AamantraN dinner par saath kaa) Won't you join us at dinner? (invitation to join dinner)
Kyaa tum mere pitaajee se nahee miloge? Won't you see my father?
Kyaa tum ek cup coffee nahee loge? Won't you have a cup of coffee?
Kyaa tum mere saath nahee chaloge? Won't you come with me?


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