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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-6th Day

ELC-6th Day - ChhaThaa Din

6th Day - We shall learn about Present Continuous Tense and Rule of 'ING'. Sentences of continuous actions come under Present Continuous Tense and is regularly used in English.

Present Continuous Tense

The Present Continuous Tense is used to express an action which is 'on-going / still going on' . Hence it is continuous like "It is raining".

It is used to express an action going on at the time of speaking. For example, a girl says "I am reading his letter" . It means, at that moment, she is reading a letter or in the process of reading the letter. The action of reading is happening at the time of speaking.

It is used to express an action which is not happening exactly at the time of speaking but is happening in regular process in present time. For example "He is studying in Government school."

It is used to express a planned or arranged action happening in the near future. For example – New series of Harry Potter is coming early.


Present continuous tense meiN kaarya yaa action lagaataar jaaree rahataa hai. Hindi meiN isakee pahachaan hai – vaakya ke ant meiN ‘rahaa hai’, ‘rahee hai’, ‘rahe hai’ kaa prayog hotaa hai.

‘Kriyaa jaaree hai’ kaa arth yah hai kee vaakya kahate vakt vah kriyaa chal rahee hai Jaise - Ram letter paDh rahaa hai. Arthaat vaakya kahane ke samay Ram letter paDhane kee kriyaa kar rahaa hai.

Isakaa doosaraa arth hai – Kriya Vaakya kahate vakt shuru nahee bhee ho lekin vartamaan meiN lagaatar ghaT rahee ho Jaise – Aajkal Maahika English seekh rahee hai.

Najdikee bhavishyakaal meiN sampann hone waale planned action hetu bhee Present Continuous Tense kaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai – Jaise – Harry Potter kaa nayaa sanskaran jaldee aa rahaa hai.

In Continuous Tense, time may come in sentence but starting time of action should not be there. If starting time of the action is given and action still continues, the Continuous Tense becomes Perfect Continuous Tense e.g. He has been studying in Government school for the last three years. In this sentence, starting time of the action 'studying - for the last three years' is given and action is continuous hence it has become Present Perfect Continuous Tense. If we remove continuous time "for the last three years" from sentence, it will become a sentence of Present Continuous Tense.
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In vaakyo meiN samay kaa prayog ho sakataa parantu aise vaakyo meiN lagaataar samay kaa prayog nahee honaa chaahiye. Vah vaakya jahaaN kaarya shuru hone kaa vigat samay diyaa huaa ho aur action lagaataar chal rahaa ho aur vaakya ke ant meiN ‘rahaa hai’, ‘rahee hai’, ‘rahe hai’ bhee ho, to vah Present Continuous Tense nahee rahta. Vah vaakya Present Perfect Continuous ban jaataa hai - Jaise :

Ram Akhbar paDh rahaa hai - Present Continuous Tense.
Ram do ghanTe se akhbhar paDh rahaa hai – Present Perfect Continuous Tense. (kyonki yahaaN lagaataar samay “do ghanTe se" kaa prayog huaa hai)

Few verbs like See, Hear, Smell, Taste, Feel, in simple situation are not used in Continuous Tense because the action of these words automatically gets done. When these words are used for a particular thing, then these are used in Continuous Tense.

Kuchh verb kaa prayog saamaanya sthiti meiN Present Continuous tense meiN nahee kiyaa jaataa hai - Jaise - See, Hear, Smell, Taste, Feel. In shabdoN kee kriyaa apane -aap swatah hee hotee hai -jaise - see (dekhanaa) aankhoN se swatah hee hotaa hai. JahaaN inakaa prayog kisee vishesh uddeshya hetu kiyaa jaataa hai to inako continuous tense meiN prayog karate hai.
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Present Continuous Tense - Positive

Present Continuous Tense
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Is/Am/Are + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.)

In Present Continuous Tense 'Is/Are/Am' is used in sentence and 'Ing' is added with first form of the main verb.

Present Continuous Tense meiN 'Is/Are/Am' kaa prayog hotaa hai aur verb kee first form ke saath 'Ing' lagaayaa jaataa hai

Present Continuous Tense - Positive Vay cricket khel rahe hai.
Person Subject IS/ARE/AM + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing Object
Ist person I am playing cricket.
Ist Person -Plural We are playing cricket.
2nd Person You are playing cricket.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema is playing cricket.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys are playing cricket.


Examples
Vaakya Sentence
Vah English seekh rahee hai. She is learning English.
Holi aa rahee hai. Holi is coming.
MaiN office ke liye nikal rahaa hoon. I am leaving for office.
Avyan aur Vartika naach rahe hai. Avyan and Vartika are dancing.
Boondaa baandee ho rahee hai. It is drizzling.
Mareej ThanD se kamp kapa rahaa hai. The patient is shivering with cold.
Vo laDakee bus kaa intajaar kar rahee hai. That girl is waiting for the bus.
Aap mujhe bhramit kar rahe ho. You are confusing me.
Mareej aaj achchhaa mehsoos kar rahaa hai. The patient is feeling better today.
Vah aaj bahut achchhaa mehsoos kar rahee hai (bahut bahut achchhaa). She is feeling much better today (very much better).
Krishna gaay kaa doodh nikaal rahaa hai. Krishna is milking the cow.
Vah tumhe gaaliyaaN de rahaa hai. He is abusing you.
Tum jhooTh bol rahe ho. You are telling a lie / you are lying.
Meree ghaDee ekdum Theek hai. Tumhaaree ghaDee aage jaa rahee hai. My watch is absolutely correct. Your watch is gaining time.
Vah apanaa sarvshreshTh prayaas kar rahaa hai. He is trying his best.
Ham aaj shaam ko Jaipur jaa rahe hai. We are going to Jaipur today in the evening.
Ham apanee aankhoN se dekh rahe hai. We see with our eyes.
Tum meree aawaaj sun rahe ho. You hear my voice.
Sharaaratee laDake bencho par khaDe hai. Naughty boys are standing on the benches.

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