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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-11th Day

ELC-11th Day - GyaarahavaaN Din

11th Day - We shall learn about Past Perfect Tense. Sentences of actions which has happened or completed long time ago in past, come under Past Perfect Tense.

Past Perfect Tense

It is used to express an action which has happened or completed in past (usually a long time ago). In this tense, time should not come. If time is mentioned in the tense, then it becomes Past Indefinite Tense.

Note : Words like till, by then, before, by today/yesterday/evening etc. are normally used in Past Perfect Tense.

The patient had died. – Past Perfect Tense.
The patient died at 3 pm - Past Indefinite Tense (Because time has come in the sentence.)

Past Perfect Tense kee pahachaan - Vaakya ke ant meiN ‘aayaa thaa’, ‘gayaa thaa’ ‘chukaa thaa’,’ chukee thee’ ‘chuke thay’ aadi kaa prayog hotaa hai. Aise vaakyo meiN samay kaa prayog nahee aanaa chaahiye. Agar samay kaa prayog ho to vah vaakya past indefinite kahalaate hai.

Past Perfect Tense ke vaakyo meN, abhee tak, tab tak, pahale, kal tak, shaam tak, aadi shabdoN kaa prayog ho sakataa hai. Mareej mar chukaa thaa. – Past Perfect Tense.
Mareej teen baje mar chukaa thaa. - Past Indefinite Tense (Kyonki vaakya meiN samay aayaa hai)

Past Perfect Tense - Positive

Past Perfect Tense - Positive
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Had + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In Past Perfect Tense, helping verb 'Had' is used. 3rd Fom of Verb is used in all types of sentences of Past Perfect Tense.

Past Perfect Tense meiN helping verb 'Had' kaa prayog hotaa hai aur Verb kee 3rd form isake sabhee prakaar ke vaakyo meiN istemaal hotee hai.

Past Perfect Tense - Positive Maine sabako bhed bataa diyaa thaa.
Person Subject Had Verb (3rd Form ) Object
Ist person I Had disclosed the secret to all.
Ist Person -Plural We Had disclosed the secret to all.
2nd Person You Had disclosed the secret to all.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram Had disclosed the secret to all.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys Had disclosed the secret to all.

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Past Perfect Tense - Negative

Past Perfect Tense - Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Negative Subject + Had + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In Negative sentence of Past Perfect Tense, 'Not' is added just before Verb(3rd form).

Past Perfect Tense ke nakaaraatmak vaakya meiN 'Not' ko verb se pahale lagaate hai.

Past Perfect Tense - Negative Tumane mere boss ko suchit nahee kiyaa thaa.
Person Subject Had Not + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person I Had not informed my boss.
Ist Person -Plural We Had not informed my boss.
2nd Person You Had not informed my boss.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram Had not informed my boss.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys Had not informed my boss.

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Past Perfect Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative

Past Perfect Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Interrogative Had + Subject + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative & Negative Had + Subject + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)

Interrogative sentence of Past Perfect Tense starts with 'Had'. 3rd form of Verb is used in all types of its sentences.

Past Perfect Tense ke prashnavaachak vaakya 'Had' se shuru hote hai aur isame Verb kee 3rd form istemaal hotee hai.

Past Perfect Tense - Interrogative Kyaa ham usakee kitab chheen chuke thay?
Person Had Subject Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person Had I snatched his book?
Ist Person -Plural Had we snatched his book?
2nd Person Had you snatched his book?
3rd Person -Singular Had he/she/it/Ram snatched his book?
3rd Person -Plural Had they/boys snatched his book?

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Past Perfect Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative Kyaa ve Renu ke liye medicine nahee laye thay?
Person Had Subject Not + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person Had I not brought medicine for Renu?
Ist Person -Plural Had we not brought medicine for Renu?
2nd Person Had you not brought medicine for Renu?
3rd Person -Singular Had he/she/it/Ram not brought medicine for Renu?
3rd Person -Plural Had they/boys not brought medicine for Renu?

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