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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Active-Passive >> Passive-Present-Indefinite
Active Passive
  1. General Rules of Passive Voice
  2. Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense
  3. Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense
  4. Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
  5. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense
  7. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense
  8. Passive Voice of Future Indefinite Tense
  9. Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense
  10. Passive Voice of W-Family Words
  11. Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence
  12. Passive Voice of Sentences of Modals
  13. Passive Voice of Sentences of Infinitives
  14. Passive Voice of Miscellaneous Sentences

Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Is/Are/Am' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense.

In Active Voice of Present Indefinite Negative and Interrogative sentences, use of Do/Does is used but for making Passive Voice only helping verbs - 'Is/Are/Am' are used. Helping Verb in Passive Voice is used as per the Subject of the Passive Voice (Object of Active voice which becomes Subject of Passive Voice). If the Subject of Passive Voice is plural, Helping Verb of plurals will be used irrespective of the fact that in Active Voice, the subject was Singular.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not' is added after helping verbs and in case of Interrogative sentence helping verb comes in the starting of the sentence.

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.

Active and Passive Voice ke niyam (neeche diye gaye hai) dikhaate hai kee Present Indefinite Tense ko Passive Voice meiN badalane ke liye 'Is/Are/Am' aur verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai.

Present Indefinite Active Voice ke Negative aur Interrogative vaakyo meiN Do/Does kaa prayog hotaa hai parantu Passive Voice banaane ke liye kewal helping verb 'Is/Are/Am' kaa prayog hotaa hai. Passive Voice meiN Helping Verb Passive Voice ke Subject (Active Voice kaa Object jo Passive Voice meiN Subject banataa hai) ke anusaar istemaal hotaa hai. Agar Passive Voice kaa Subject plural hai to Helping Verb bhee subject ke anusaar plural hogee chaahe Active Voice meiN Subject singular ho.

Negative sentence meiN 'Not' ko helping verb ke baad lagaate hai aur Interrogative sentence meiN helping verb vaakya ke aaraambh meiN lagaate hai.

Sabhee prakaar ke Passive Voice vaakyo meiN - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai.


Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Present Indefinite Tense (Active Voice) Rule of converting Present Indefinite Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Verb (Ist form) + s/es + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Do/Does + not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am + Not + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Do/Does + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?) Is/Are/Am + Convert Object to Subject + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Kyaa tum Angrejee paDhate ho? Do you read English? Is English read by you? Kyaa Angrejee tumhaare dwaaraa paDhee jaatee hai?
Vah meree car chalaatee hai. She drives my car. My car is driven by her. Meree car usake dwaaraa chalaai jaatee hai.
Vartika Kanika se pyaar karatee hai. Vartika loves Kanika. Kanika is loved by Vartika. Kanika ko Vartika ke dwaaraa pyaar kiyaa jaataa hai.
Maalee roj paudhoN ko paanee detaa hai. The gardener waters plants every day. Plants are watered by the gardener every day. PaudhoN komaalee dwaaraa roj paanee diyaa jaataa hai.
Adhyaapak aajkal vidyaarthio ko sajaa nahee dete hai. Teachers do not punish students now-a-days. Students are not punished by teachers now-a-days. VidyaarthioN ko aajkal adhyaapakoN dwaaraa sajaa nahee dee jaatee hai.
Vah apanee kitabe gareeb laDake ko detee hai. She gives her books to the poor boy. The poor boy is given books by her. Gareeb laDake ko usake dwaaraa kitabe dee jaatee hai.
Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Kyaa tum use jaanate ho? Do you know him? Is he known by you? Kyaa vah tumhaare dwaaraa jaanaa jaataa hai?
Vah meree salaah pasand nahee karataa hai. He does not like my advice. My advice is not liked by him. Meree salaah usake dwaaraa pasand nahee kee jaatee hai.
Kyaa ve emergency meiN meree sahaayataa chaahate hai? Do they require my help in emergency? Is my help required by them in emergency? Kyaa meree sahaayataa emergency meiN unake dwaaraa chaahee jaatee hai?
John time par project pooraa karataa hai. John completes the project in time. The project is completed by John in time. Project time par John dwaaraa pooraa kiyaa jaataa hai.
Fiona bhikhaaree ko khaanaa detee hai. Fiona gives food to the beggar. The beggar is given food by Fiona. Bhikhaaree ko khaanaa Fiona dwaaraa diyaa jaataa hai.
Fiona bhikhaaree ko khaanaa detee hai. Fiona gives food to the beggar. The food is given to the beggar by Fiona. Khaanaa bhikhaaree ko Fiona dwaaraa diyaa jaataa hai.



Please see the last 2 examples. When there are two Objects in the sentence, we can convert any Object to Subject. For ease, please convert the Object to Subject, which is coming just after the Verb. Or you may convert the Object to Subject which you want to emphasize more.

Aakharee 2 udaaharaN dekhe. Jab do Object ho to ham kisee bhee Object ko Subject banaa sakate hai. Aasani ke liye, Verb se ekdum baad waale Object ko Subject banaao. Yaa tum us Object ko Subject banaao jis par tum jyaadaa jor denaa chaahate ho.

Perfect the knowledge of Active Passive Voice by viewing a Passive Voice Sentence in all Tenses with its Rule CLICK & VIEW A PASSIVE VOICE SENTENCE IN ANY TYPE OF TENSE


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