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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-28th Day

ELC-28th Day - ATThaaisavaaN Din

28th Day - Today also we will learn about Active Passive. Active Passive is a very important Topic. It is to be understood thoroughly.
Active Voice - Subject is main/supreme e.g. Lion eats goat. Passive Voice - Object becomes main/supreme e.g. Goat is eaten by lion. Knowledge of Active-Passive Voice is must for Good English.

Active Passive

Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Was/Were + Being' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense.

Helping Verb in Passive Voice is used as per the Subject of the Passive Voice (Object of Active voice which becomes Subject of Passive Voice). If the Subject of Passive Voice is plural, Helping Verb of plurals will be used irrespective of the fact that in Active Voice, the subject was Singular.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not + Being' is added after helping verbs and in case of Interrogative sentence helping verb comes in the starting of the sentence and place of 'Being' remains before Verb (3rd form)

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.
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Active and Passive Voice ke niyam (neeche diye gaye hai) dikhaate hai kee Past Continuous Tense ko Passive Voice meiN badalane ke liye 'Was/Were + Being' aur Verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai.

Passive Voice meiN Helping Verb Passive Voice ke Subject (Active Voice kaa Object jo Passive Voice meiN Subject banataa hai) ke anusaar istemaal hotee hai. Agar Passive Voice kaa Subject plural hai to Helping Verb bhee subject ke anusaar plural hogee chaahe Active Voice meiN Subject singular ho.

Negative sentence meiN 'Not + Being' ko helping verb ke baad lagaate hai aur Interrogative sentence meiN helping verb vaakya ke aaraambh meiN lagaate hai.

Sabhee prakaar ke Passive Voice vaakyo meiN - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai.

Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Past Continuous Tense (Active Voice) Rule of converting Past Continuous Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Was/Were + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Was/Were + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Was/Were + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Was/Were + Not + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Was/Were + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (?) Was/Were + Convert Object to Subject + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Vah baDaa khatraa mol le rahaa thaa. He was taking a big risk. A big risk was being taken by him. BaDaa khatraa usake dwaaraa liyaa jaa rahaa thaa.
Jatin usakee transfer ke order de rahaa thaa. Jatin was giving order of his transfer. Order of his transfer was being given by Jatin. Usakee transfer ke order Jatin dwaaraa diye jaa rahe thay.
Vah use French paDhaa rahee thee. She was teaching him French. He was being taught French by her. Use French usake dwaaraa paDhaai jaa rahee thee.
Vah Reeta ke samarthan kee prashansaa kar rahee thee. She was appreciating Reeta's support. Reeta's support was being appreciated by her. Reeta ke samarthan kee usake dwaaraa prashansaa kee jaa rahee thee.
Vah apanee galtiyaaN nahee maan rahaa thaa. He was not admitting his mistakes. His mistakes were not being admitted by him. Usakee galtiyaaN usake dwaaraa nahee maanee jaa rahee thee.
Ve apane ghoShanaa patra court meiN de rahe thay. They were giving their declarations in court. Their declarations were being given by them in court. Apane ghoShanaa patra unake dwaaraa court meiN diye jaa rahe thay.
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Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Kyaa doctor mareejo kee sewaa kar rahaa thaa? Was the doctor serving patients? Were patients being served by the doctor? Kyaa mareejo kee sewaa doctor dwaaraa kee jaa rahee thee?
Majdoor nahar khod rahe thay. The labourers were digging a canal. A canal was being dug by the labourers. Nahar majdooro dwaaraa khodee jaa rahee thee.
Rajan public ko sandesh de rahaa thaa. Rajan was delivering a message to public. Public was being delivered a message by Rajan. Public ko sandesh Rajan dwaaraa diyaa jaa rahaa thaa.
Rajan public ko sandesh de rahaa thaa. Rajan was delivering a message to public. A message was being delivered to public by Rajan. Sandesh Rajan dwaaraa public ko diyaa jaa rahaa thaa.
Rashtrapati jee guNwaan vidyaarthio ko inaam de rahe thay. The President was giving awards to meritorious students. Meritorious students were being given awards by the President. GuNwaan vidyaarthio ko Rashtrapati jee dwaaraa inaam diyaa jaa rahaa thaa.
Avyan apanee Daadee ke aadesh kaa paalan kar rahaa thaa. Avyan was obeying orders of his grandmother. Orders of his grandmother were being obeyed by Avyan. Apanee Daadee ke aadesh kaa paalan Avyan dwaaraa kiyaa jaa rahaa thaa.

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