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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Active-Passive >> Passive-Past-Perfect
Active Passive
  1. General Rules of Passive Voice
  2. Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense
  3. Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense
  4. Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
  5. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense
  7. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense
  8. Passive Voice of Future Indefinite Tense
  9. Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense
  10. Passive Voice of W-Family Words
  11. Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence
  12. Passive Voice of Sentences of Modals
  13. Passive Voice of Sentences of Infinitives
  14. Passive Voice of Miscellaneous Sentences

Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Had + Been' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not' is added between 'Had' and 'Been' and in case of Interrogative sentence 'Had' comes in the starting of the sentence and place of 'Been' remains before Verb (3rd form)

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.

Active and Passive Voice ke niyam (neeche diye gaye hai) dikhaate hai kee Past Perfect Tense ko Passive Voice meiN badalane ke liye 'Had + Been' aur Verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai.

Negative sentence meiN 'Not' ko 'Had' aur 'Been' ke beech meN lagaate hai aur Interrogative sentence meiN 'Had' vaakya ke aaraambh meiN lagaate hai.

Sabhee prakaar ke Passive Voice vaakyo meiN - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai.


Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Past Perfect Tense (Active Voice) Rule of converting Past Perfect Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Had + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Had + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Had + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Had + Not + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Had + Subject + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?) Had + Convert Object to Subject + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Police ne kai baal majdooro ko bachaayaa thaa. Police had rescued number of child labourers. Number of child labourers had been rescued by Police. Kai baal majdooro ko police dwaaraa bachaayaa gayaa thaa.
Aantakvaadio ne peene ke paani ko bhee dushit kiyaa thaa. Terrorists had infected drinking water also. Drinking water also had been infected by terrorists. Peenay ke paani ko bhee aantakvaadio dwaaraa dushit kiyaa gayaa thaa.
Dheeme hockey ke khel ne darshako ko ukataa diyaa thaa. The slow hockey game had bored the spectators. The spectators had been bored by the slow hockey game. Darshak dheemay hockey ke khel dwaaraa ukataa diye gaye thay.
Vyavasthaa ne bahut saare logo ko doShee banaayaa thaa. System had made lot many people guilty. A lot many people had been made guilty by the system. Bahut saare log vyavasthaa dwaaraa doShee banaaye gaye thay.
BhrashT officero ne usako bali kaa bakraa banaayaa thaa. The corrupt officers had made him a scapegoat. He had been made a scapegoat by the corrupt officers. Vah bali kaa bakraa bhrashT officero dwaaraa banaayaa gayaa thaa.
Sansthaan ne 50 sainik niyukt kiye thay. The organisation had recruited fifty soldiers. Fifty soldiers had been recruited by the organisation. 50 sainink sansthaan dwaaraa niyukt kiye jaa chuke thay.
Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Usane dil se garam kapaDe daan diye thay. He had willingly donated woollen clothes. Woollen clothes had been donated by him willingly. Garam kapaDe usake dwaaraa dil se daan diye gaye thay.
Mere pitaa jee ne achchhee paramparaanye mere parivaar meiN sthaapit kee thee. My father had established good traditions in my family. Good traditions had been established by my father in my family. Achchhee paramparaanye mere pitaa jee dwaaraa mere parivaar meiN sthaapit kee gai thee.
Mere pitaa jee ne achchhee paramparaanye mere parivaar meiN sthaapit kee thee. My father had established good traditions in my family. In my family, good traditions had been established by my father. Mere parivaar meiN achchhee paramparaanye mere pitaa jee dwaaraa sthaapit kee gai thee.
Chairman ke pravesh ne vaataavaraN ko pooree tarah badal diyaa thaa. The Chairman's's entry had completely changed the environment. The environment had been completely changed by the Chairman's entry. VaataavaraN Chairman ke pravesh dwaaraa pooree tarah badalaa gayaa thaa.
Kyaa usane sach bolaa thaa? Had he spoken the truth? Had the truth been spoken by him? Kyaa usake dwaaraa sach bolaa gayaa thaa?
Kyaa luTero ne chalatee train meiN musaafiroN ko looTaa thaa? Had the robbers robbed passengers in running train? Had passengers been robbed by robbers in running train? Kyaa musaafiroN ko choro dwaaraa chalatee train meiN looTaa gayaa thaa?
Kyaa luTero ne chalatee train meiN musaafiroN ko looTaa thaa? Had the robbers robbed passengers in running train? Had in running train passengers been robbed by robbers? Kyaa chalatee train meiN choro dwaaraa musaafiroN ko looTaa gayaa thaa?



Passive Voice of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense cannot be changed into Passive Voice.

Perfect the knowledge of Active Passive Voice by viewing a Passive Voice Sentence in all Tenses with its Rule CLICK & VIEW A PASSIVE VOICE SENTENCE IN ANY TYPE OF TENSE


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