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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Active-Passive >> Passive-Present-Perfect
Active Passive
  1. General Rules of Passive Voice
  2. Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense
  3. Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense
  4. Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
  5. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense
  7. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense
  8. Passive Voice of Future Indefinite Tense
  9. Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense
  10. Passive Voice of W-Family Words
  11. Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence
  12. Passive Voice of Sentences of Modals
  13. Passive Voice of Sentences of Infinitives
  14. Passive Voice of Miscellaneous Sentences

Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Has/Have + Been' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense.

Helping Verb in Passive Voice is used as per the Subject of the Passive Voice (Object of Active voice which becomes Subject of Passive Voice). If the Subject of Passive Voice is plural, Helping Verb of plurals will be used irrespective of the fact that in Active Voice, the subject was Singular.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not' is added between 'Has/Have' and 'Been' and in case of Interrogative sentence 'Has/Have' comes in the starting of the sentence and place of 'Been' remains before Verb (3rd form)

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.

Active and Passive Voice ke niyam (neeche diye gaye hai) dikhaate hai kee Present Perfect Tense ko Passive Voice meiN badalane ke liye 'Has/Have + Been' aur Verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai.

Passive Voice meiN Helping Verb Passive Voice ke Subject (Active Voice kaa Object jo Passive Voice meiN Subject banataa hai) ke anusaar istemaal hotee hai. Agar Passive Voice kaa Subject plural hai to Helping Verb bhee subject ke anusaar plural hogee chaahe Active Voice meiN Subject singular ho.

Negative sentence meiN 'Not' ko 'Has/Have' aur 'Been' ke beech meN lagaate hai aur Interrogative sentence meiN 'Has/Have' vaakya ke aaraambh meiN lagaate hai.

Sabhee prakaar ke Passive Voice vaakyo meiN - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai.


Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Present Perfect Tense (Active Voice) Rule of converting Present Perfect Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Has/Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Has/Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Has/Have + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Has/Have + Not + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Has/Have + Subject + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?) Has/Have + Convert Object to Subject + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
DushTo ne nav-dampattee ko looT liyaa hai. Rascals have robbed the new couple. The new couple has been robbed by the rascals. Nav-dampattee dushTo dwaaraa looTe gaye hai.
Bahaadur vyakti ne kai jaane bachaai. The brave person has saved many lives. Many lives have been saved by the brave person. Kai jaane bahaadur vyakti dwaaraa bachaai gai.
Maine diesel se bhare Tank Truck ko chalaayaa hai. I have driven a tank-truck filled with diesel. A Tank Truck filled with diesel has been driven by me. Diesesl se bharaa Tank Truck mere dwaaraa chalaayaa gayaa hai.
Manjula ne Poonam ko gharelu kaamo ke baare meiN sikhaayaa hai. Manjula has taught Poonam about domestic affairs. Poonam has been taught about domestic affairs by Manjula. Poonam ko Manjula dwaaraa gharelu kaamo ke baare meiN sikhaayaa gayaa hai.
Usane farsh ko do baar paunchaa lagaayaa hai. She has mopped the floor twice. The floor has been moped by her twice. Farsh ko usake dwaaraa do baar paunchaa lagaayaa gayaa hai.
Usane pooree gatee se kaarya ko khatm kiyaa hai. He has finished the work at full speed. The work has been finished by him at full speed. Kaarya pooree gatee se usake dwaaraa khatm kiyaa gayaa hai.
Usane saaree saamagree Jabong se khareedee hai. He has purchased all materials from Jabong. All materials have been purchased by him from Jabong. Saari saamagree usake dwaaraa Jabong se khareedee gai hai.
Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Online khareedaaree ne bahut samay bachaayaa hai. Online shopping has saved lot of time. Lot of time has been saved by online shopping. Bahut samay online khareedaaree ke dwaaraa bachaayaa gayaa hai.
Kyaa tumane Shiva par serial dekhaa hai? Have you seen the serial on Shiva? Has the serial on Shiva been seen by you? Kyaa Shiva par serial tumhaare dwaaraa dekhaa gayaa hai.
Kyaa usane usake vyavahaar ke baare meiN vistaar se apane pitaa jee ko bataa diyaa hai? Has he explained in detail about his behaviour to his father? Has his father been explained in detail about his behaviour? Kyaa apane pitaa jee ko usake vyavahaar ke baare meiN usake dwaaraa vistaar se bataayaa gayaa hai?
Kyaa usane apanee patnee ko dhokhaa diyaa hai? Has he ditched his wife? Has his wife been ditched by him? Kyaa usakee patnee ko usake dwaaraa dhokhaa diyaa gayaa hai?
Harsh ne apanee mammee ko nai car upahaar dee hai. Harsh has gifted a new car to his mother. His mother has been gifted a new car by Harsh. Apanee mammee ko Harsh dwaaraa nai car upahaar dee gai hai.
Harsh ne apanee mammee ko nai car upahaar dee hai. Harsh has gifted a new car to his mother. A new car has been gifted by Harsh to his mother. Nai car Harsh dwaaraa apanee mammee ko upahaar dee gai hai.



Passive Voice of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense cannot be changed into Passive Voice.

Perfect the knowledge of Active Passive Voice by viewing a Passive Voice Sentence in all Tenses with its Rule CLICK & VIEW A PASSIVE VOICE SENTENCE IN ANY TYPE OF TENSE


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