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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Active-Passive >> Passive-Infinitives
Active Passive
  1. General Rules of Passive Voice
  2. Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense
  3. Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense
  4. Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
  5. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense
  7. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense
  8. Passive Voice of Future Indefinite Tense
  9. Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense
  10. Passive Voice of W-Family Words
  11. Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence
  12. Passive Voice of Sentences of Modals
  13. Passive Voice of Sentences of Infinitives
  14. Passive Voice of Miscellaneous Sentences

Passive Voice of Infinitive

Rules of Passive Voice of Infinitive - 'TO' show that 'BE' is added after 'To' and 3rd form of verb is used for making Passive Voice.

Infinitive 'To' waale vaakya ko Passive Voice banaane kaa neeche diyaa huaa niyam dikhaataa hai kee helping verb 'Be' Infinitive 'To' ke baad lagataa hai aur Verb kee 3rd form istemaal hotee hai.

Rules

Sentence Containing Rule of making Sentence of Infinitive 'To' (Active Voice) Rule of converting Sentence of Infinitive 'To' (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Is/Are/Am/Was/Were/Has/Have/Had + To + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am/Was/Were/Has/Have/Had + To + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + (.)
Negative Subject + Modals + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am/Was/Were/Has/Have/Had + Not + To + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + (.)
Interrogative Modals + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?) Is/Are/Am/Was/Were/Has/Have/Had + Convert Object to Subject + To + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + (.)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Mujhe yah kaam karanaa hai. I am to do this work. This work is to be done by me. Yah kaam mere dwaaraa kiyaa jaanaa hai.
Tumhaaree patnee ko English seekhanee hai. Your wife is to learn English. English is to be learnt by your wife. English tumhaaree patnee dwaaraa seekhee jaanee hai.
Mujhe use English sikhaanee hai. I am to teach her English. English is to be taught to her by me. English mere dwaaraa use seekhaai jaanee hai.
Seema ko use dhumrapaan se door rakhanaa paDaa thaa. Seema had to abstain him from smoking. He had to be abstained from smoking by Seema. Use dhumrapaan se Seema dwaaraa door rakhanaa paDataa thaa.
Mujhe gharelu kaaryo meiN apanee patnee kee sahaayataa karanee paDatee hai. I have to assist my wife in domestic works. My wife has to be assisted in domestic works by me . Meree patnee ko gharelu kaaryo meiN mere dwaaraa sahaayataa karwaani paDatee hai.


Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Mujhe usakee taareef karanee thee parantu maiN bhool gayaa. I was to appreciate her but I forgot. She was to be appreciated by me but I forgot. Usakee taareef mere dwaaraa kee jaaeei thee parantu maiN bhool gayaa.
Unako kaaryakram meiN bhaaShan denaa hai. They are to deliver speech in the programme. Speech is to be delivered in the programme by them. BhaaShan unake dwaaraa kaaryakram meiN diyaa jaanaa hai.
Kyaa use usakee shaadee kee dress chunanee hai? Is he to select her wedding dress? Is her wedding dress to be selected by him? Kyaa usakee shaadee kee dress usake dwaaraa chunee jaanee hai?
Usako apanee mahilaa dost kaa saath denaa paDataa hai. He has to favour his girl friend. His girl friend is to be favoured by him. Apanee mahilaa dost kaa saath usake dwaaraa denaa paDataa hai.
Usako use ek keematee upahaar denaa thaa. He was to give a precious gift to her. She was to be given a precious gift by him. Usako ek keematee upahaar usake dwaaraa diyaa jaanaa thaa.
Usako use ek keematee upahaar denaa thaa. He was to give a precious gift to her. A precious gift was to be given to her by him. Ek keematee upahaar usake dwaaraa use diyaa jaanaa thaa.
Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Mukhya Mantreejee ko sadhaaraN vyaktiyoN kee samasyaao kaa samaadhaan karanaa hai. The Chief Minister is to resolve the problems of ordinary persons. The problems of ordinary persons are to be resolved by the Chief Minister. SadhaaraN vyaktiyoN kee samasyaao kaa samaadhaan Mukhya Mantreejee dwaaraa kiyaa jaanaa hai.
Naagriko ko Sarkaar kaa samarthan karanaa hai. Citizens are to support the Government. The Government is to be supported by the citizens. Sarkaar ko naagriko dwaaraa samarthan kiyaa jaanaa hai.
Sansthaano ko karamachaariyo ko kasanaa hai. Organisations are to tighten the workers. The workers are to be tightened by organisations. Karmachaario ko sansthaano dwaaraa kasaa jaanaa hai.
Ab karmchario ko apane kartavya ko samajhanaa hai. Now workers are to understand their duty. Their duty is to be understood by workers now. Apane kartavyo ko karamachaariyoN dwaaraa samajhaa jaanaa hai.
Hame jarooratmand aur gareeb kee madad karanee hai. We are to help the needy and poor. The needy and poor are to be helped by us. Jarooratmand aur gareeb kee madad hamaare dwaaraa kee jaanee hai.


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