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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Active-Passive >> Passive-W-Family
Active Passive
  1. General Rules of Passive Voice
  2. Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense
  3. Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense
  4. Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
  5. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense
  7. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense
  8. Passive Voice of Future Indefinite Tense
  9. Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense
  10. Passive Voice of W-Family Words
  11. Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence
  12. Passive Voice of Sentences of Modals
  13. Passive Voice of Sentences of Infinitives
  14. Passive Voice of Miscellaneous Sentences

Passive Voice of W-Family Sentence

W-family words (Who, Whom, What, Which, When, Why, Where, etc) are used in all types of sentences and normally it comes in the beginning of both (Active & Passive Voice Sentences) and followed by Helping Verbs of the Tense in interrogative sentences. We have learnt changing normal Active Voice sentences to Passive Voice sentence of all types of Tenses. Basic rules will remain same for the sentences of W-family words.

W-Family ke shabd (Who, Whom, What, Which, When, Why, Where, etc) sabhee prakaar ke vaakyo meiN prayog hote hai aur saamaanyatah yah vaakya ( dono Active aur Passive vaakya ke shuru meiN lagaate hai aur isake baad Sahaayak Kriyaa prashnaatmak vaakyo meiN prayukt hotee hai. Hamane sabhee prakaar ke Tense ke normal vaakyo ko Passive Voice meiN badalanaa seekh liyaa hai. Basic rule W-family waale vaakyo ke liye vahee rahataa hai.

Rules of changing Passive Voice of W-family sentence

W-Family waale shabd aur baakee bache vaakya ko alag karo. Separate W-family word and the rest part of the sentence.
Baaki bachaa huaa vaakya ek sadhaaraN vaakya hai. Vaakya ke is bhaag ko us vaakya ke Tense ke niyamaanusaar Passive Voice meiN badalo. The rest part of the sentence remains a normal sentence. Change it to Passive Voice as per the Rule of Tense of the sentence.
W-family ke shabd ko Passive Voice meiN badale huay vaakya ke bhaag ke aage lagaao. Add the W-family word in the beginning of the changed Passive Voice part Sentence.
Saare W-family ke shabd aprivartit rahate hai kewal do shabdoN ko chhoDakar (1) "WHO" jo "BY WHOM" se badalaa jaataa hai (2) "WHOM" shabd "WHO" se badalaa jaataa hai. All the W-family words remain unchanged except two words - (1) "WHO" is replaced by words "BY WHOM" (2) "WHOM" is replaced by word "WHO" .



Let us take a look
Steps Sentence Forming
W-Familty sentence What are you writing?
Sentence after separateing 'W-family word' Are you writing?
Tense of the Sentence Present Continuous Tense
Rule of Passive Voice Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
'W-family word' comes in the beginning . Here we will write 'XXX' in place of 'W-family word' and make Passive Voice as a normal sentence. 'XXX' is being written by you.
Now remove 'XXX' and write the 'W-family word' .Word "WHO" is replaced by "BY Whom" What is being written by you?
W-Familty sentence What did he tell?
Sentence after separateing 'W-family word' Did he tell?
Tense of the Sentence Past Indefinite Tense
Rule of Passive Voice Convert Object to Subject +Was/Were + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
'W-family word' comes in the beginning . Here we will write 'XXX' in place of 'W-family word' and make Passive Voice as a normal sentence. 'XXX' was told by him.
Now remove 'XXX' and write the 'W-family word' .Word "WHO" is replaced by "BY Whom" What was told by him?
W-Familty sentence Which book do you want?
Sentence after separateing 'W-family word' _Book do you want?
Tense of the Sentence Present Indefinite Tense
Rule of Passive Voice Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
'W-family word' comes in the beginning . Here we will write 'XXX' in place of 'W-family word' and make Passive Voice as a normal sentence. 'XXX' book is wanted by you.
Now remove 'XXX' and write the 'W-family word' .Word "WHO" is replaced by "BY Whom" Which book is wanted by you?
Steps Sentence Forming
W-Familty sentence When will he lodge an FIR?
Sentence after separateing 'W-family word' Will he lodge an FIR?
Tense of the Sentence Future Indefinite Tense
Rule of Passive Voice Convert Object to Subject + Will/Shall + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
'W-family word' comes in the beginning . Here we will write 'XXX' in place of 'W-family word' and make Passive Voice as a normal sentence. 'XXX' FIR will be lodged by him.
Now remove 'XXX' and write the 'W-family word' .Word "WHO" is replaced by "BY Whom" When an FIR will be lodged by him?
W-Familty sentence Who has slapped my friend?
Sentence after separateing 'W-family word' Has slapped my friend?
Tense of the Sentence Present Perfect Tense
Rule of Passive Voice Convert Object to Subject + Has/Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
'W-family word' comes in the beginning . Here we will write 'XXX' in place of 'W-family word' and make Passive Voice as a normal sentence. 'XXX' has my friend been slapped.
Now remove 'XXX' and write the 'W-family word' .Word "WHO" is replaced by "BY Whom" By whom has my friend been slapped?

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Tum kaun see car chalaate ho? Which car do you drive? Which car is driven by you? Kaun see car tumhaare dwaaraa chalaai jaatee hai?
Kaun see film tumhe sabase jyaadaa pasand aai? Which film did you like most? Which film was liked most by you? Kaun see film tumhaare dwaaraa sabase jyaadaa pasand kee gai?
Tum kab apanaa udhaar chuktaa karoge? When will you repay your debts? When your debts will be repaid by you? Kab tumhaaraa udhaar tumhaare dwaaraa chuktaa kiyaa jaayegaa?
Usane kab tumhaare patra kaa jawaab diyaa? When did he reply to your letter? When your letter was replied by him? Kab tumhaare patra kaa jawaab usake dwaaraa diyaa gayaa?
Tum apanee mangetar se kyaa charchaa karoge? What will you discuss with your fiance? What will be discussed with your fiance by you? Tumhaaree mangetar se tumhaare dwaaraa kyaa charchaa kee jaayegee?
Kyaa cheej usase contract tuDawaa rahee hai? What is making him to break the contract? What is being made to break the contract by him? Kyaa cheej usake dwaaraa contract tuDawaa rahee hai?
Is awasthaa meiN tum use kyaa sujhaav de rahe thay? What were you suggesting him at this stage? What was being suggested at this stage by you to him? Is awasthaa meiN tumhaare dwaaraa use kyaa sujhaav diyaa jaa rahaa thaa?



Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
Police ne FIR meiN kyaa likhaa hai? What has the police recorded in FIR? What has been recorded in FIR by the police? Police dwaaraa FIR meiN kyaa likhaa gayaa hai?
KyoN unhone apanaa sahaaraa vaapas liyaa? Why did they withdraw their support? Why their support was withdrawn by them? KyoN unakaa sahaaraa unake dwaaraa vaapas liyaa gayaa?
Chune huay netaa kyoN logo kee ummeedo ko pooraa nahee karate hai? Why do elected leaders not fulfill the expectations of people? Why are the expectations of people not fulfilled by the elected leaders? KyoN logo kee ummeede chune huay netaao dwaaraa pooree nahee kee jaatee hai?
KyoN tumane apane maataa-pitaa kee aagyaa nahee maanee? Why did you disobey your parents? Why your parents were disobeyed by you? KyoN tumhaare maataa-pitaa kee aagyaa tumhaare dwaaraa nahee maanee gai?


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