ELC-3rd Day - Teesaraa Din
3rd Day - We shall learn about Helping Verbs (Auxiliary Verbs)-Is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, will, shall and it usage as Main Verb.
It is very important and starting of making simple sentences in English. |
Knowledge of 1st and 2nd day's topics will greatly help in understanding it easily.
Helping (Auxiliary) Verbs Sahaayak Kriya
Helping (Auxiliary) Verbs are of two types:
1. Primary Helping (Auxiliary) Verbs
Primary Helping (Auxiliary) Verbs
Primary Auxiliary verbs (also known as Helping Verbs) are verbs that are used together with the main verb of the sentence to express
the action or state. They support the main verbs to form the structure of sentence as per specific tense. Primary Auxiliary Verbs are of three types:
1. Verbs 'TO BE' - Is, are, am, was, were
2. Verbs 'TO HAVE' - Has, have, had
3. Verbs 'TO DO' - Do, does, did
Sahaayak kriyaa vah kriyaa hai jo vaakya meiN mukhya verb ke saath kriyaa yaa sthiti ko darshaane meiN prayukt hotee hai. Yah mukhya verb ko pratyek tense
ke anusaar vaakya banaane meiN sahaayak hotee hai. Sahaayak kriyaa mukhyatah uprilikhit teen prakaar kee hotee hai.
The verb "TO BE" is used as - Is / are / am / was / were. It’s simple meaning is "to be" or be something. As helping or auxiliary verbs, it is used in tenses, active-passive and
direct-indirect about which we will learn in detail later. Here we will learn about its other usages in a sentence.
Simple meaning of verb " TO HAVE" denotes "possession". "Have" is used as - Has / have / had. As helping or auxiliary verbs, it is also used in tenses, active-passive and direct-indirect about which we will learn in detail later. Here we will learn about its simple meaning "Possession".
Simple meaning of verb "TO DO" is used as - Do / does / did. It's simple meaning is "to perform an action" and vastly used in tenses, active-passive and direct-indirect about which we will learn in detail later. Here we will learn about its other usages in sentence.
"TO BE" kriyaa ko in shabdoN dwaaraa English meiN prayog hotaa hai -is/are/am/was/were. Isakaa Hindi meiN arth hotaa hai "HONA" aur Hindi meiN isake roop hai -hai/hoon/thaa/hogaa. Inahee artho meiN isake roop hai - Rahataa hai / hotaa hai / Huaa hai. Yah tense, active-passive aur direct-indirect meiN bhee prayukt hotee hai jinake baare meiN aage vistaar se jaanenge. YahaaN ham inake doosare prayogo ke baare meiN jaanenge.
"TO HAVE" kaa Hindi meiN prachlit arth hai "paas honaa / kabje meN". Paas honaa vyakt karane ke liye har baar 'paas' shabd ka
prayog jarooree nahee hai jaise - 'Mere paas jaankaaree hai' ko 'Mujhe jaankaaree hai' bhee kah sakate hai. Yah tense, active-passive aur direct-indirect meN
bhi prayukt hotee hai jinake baare meiN aage vistaar se jaanenge. YahaaN ham inake arth "paas hona" ke baare meiN jaanenge.
"TO DO" (Do / Does / Did) kaa simple arth hai 'Kaarya Karnaa' aur baDe roop meiN isakaa istemaal tenses, active-passive aur direct-indirect meiN hotaa hai. YahaaN ham isake alag prayog ke baare meiN jaanenge.
|MaiN khush hoon.||I am happy.|
|Sachin ghar par hai.||Sachin is at home.|
|Mahika baDee mohak laDakee hai.||Mahika is a very charming girl.|
|Ham sab vidhyarthee hai.||We all are student.|
|Anu kal anupasthit thee.||Anu was absent yesterday.|
|Tum mere padosee thay.||You were my neighbour.|
|Tum hameshaa khush ho.||You are always happy.|
|India meiN sab log kharaab nahee hai.||All people are not bad in India.|
|Aise avsar durlabh hai.||Such occasions are rare.|
|Meraa peT bharaa huaa hai.||My stomach is full.|
|Mere paanch dost hai.||I have five friends|
|Vartika ke baal lambe hai.||Vartika has long hair.|
|Use kuchh bhee anubhav nahee hai.||He has no experience.|
|Aap ek cup chaay jaroor le.||Do have a cup of tea.|
Use of Helping Verbs
We have seen above examples of Helping Verb. Now we are to learn about:
1. What is Ist person, 2nd person, 3rd person?
2. Which helping verb is used with 1st/2nd/3rd person?
3. What are sentence forming Rules of it?
Upar hamane sahaayak kriyaa ke kuchh udaaharaN paDhe. Ab hame inake baare meiN seekhanaa hai:
1. Pahalaa vyakti, doosaraa vyakti, teesaraa vyakti kyaa hai?
2. Kis vyakti ke saath kaun see sahaayak kriyaa istemaal honee hai?
3. Vaakya banane ke niyam kyaa hai?
We give below a table to understand above stated point number 1 & 2.
|Person||Subject||Helping Verb of Present Tense||Helping Verb of Past Tense|
|Ist person||I||am, have||was, had|
|2nd Person||You||are, have||were, had|
|3rd Person-Singular||He/She/It/Ram||is, has||was, had|
|3rd Person-Plural||We/They/boys||are, have||were, had|
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