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The Noun

Noun - A noun is a word used as the name of a person, animal, place, thing or idea. Everything which exists is represented by a name and that naming word is a Noun. The word ‘everything’ means anything e.g. countable, uncountable, visible, invisible, touchable, untouchable, events, feelings, etc. Nouns are words and not the real/actual things.

Sangyaa - Sangyaa vah shabd hai jo Vyakti, jaanwar, sthaan, vastu, avdhaaraNaa aadi ke naam ke liye prayog hotaa hai. Sabhee vastueN jo astitve meiN haiN, ek naam se jaanee jaatee hai aur vah naam shabd ek Noun hai. Shabd 'Sabhee vastueN' kaa matlab koi bhee vastu e.g. gine jaane waale, naa gine jaane waale, dikhane waale, naa dikhane waale, sparshya, asparshaya, ghaTanaanye, bhaavanaaye aadi. Noun shabd hai naa ke vaastvik/aslee vastueN.

Examples of Nouns

Person Vartika, Kanika, Tom, Ashoka, doctor, girl, Princess, Queen, Soldier, Coursine, Indian
Animal Dog, cat, lion, rabbit, horse, donkey, monkey, parrot, bird, crocodile
Place Delhi, London, New York, school, college, garden, Akshardham, House, Taj Mahal, Factory
Things Computer, table, book, speaker, fan, car, gold, glass, mobile, train, helicopter
Idea Happiness, pride, politeness, helplessness, relation, nationality, excitement, childhood

How to identify a Noun

The above definition of Noun states that name of everything is a Noun. However, there are certain words which may be Noun and Verb like 'work'. Word 'work' is a verb and is also a noun. We can recognize a Noun by testing the following:

Upar dee gayee Noun kee paribhaashaa bataatee hai kee pratyek vastu kaa naam Noun hai. Haalanki kuchh shabd hai jo Noun aur Verb ho sakate hai jaise 'work'. Shabd 'work' ek verb hai aur ek Noun bhee hai. Ham Noun kee pahachaan is prakaar kar sakate haiN:

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1 Noun usually (but not always) comes after a determiner - a, an, the, my, this, some, a few, a lot. e.g.- a dog, a lot of money. Aamtaur par Noun (hameshaa nahee) determiners - (a, an, the, my, this, some, a few, a lot. e.g.- a dog, a lot of money) ke baad aataa hai.
2 Noun may come after one or two Adjectives e.g.- my blue car, her long and black hair. Noun ek yaa do Adjective ke baad aa sakataa hai jaise - meree neelee car, usake lambe aur kaale baal.
3 Noun can have a plural forms. (Uncountable nouns do not have plural form but can be checked by adding words - any or some) e.g.- Computers, birds, some milk. Noun kaa plural (bahuvachan) ho sakataa hai. (Uncountable noun kee plural form nahee hotee parantu - 'any or some' shabdoN ko lagaakar check kiyaa jaa sakataa hai jaise - computers, birds, some milk.
4 Function of a word in sentence may also help in identification of noun - Broadly Noun acts as Subject and Object in a sentence. However, Pronoun can also be the Subject or Object in a sentence. Vaakya meiN shabd kaa kaarya bhee Noun kee pahachaan meiN madad kar sakataa hai. MoTetaur par Noun vaakya meiN Subject aur Object kee tarah kaarya karataa hai. Sarvnaam bhee vaakya meiN Subject aur Object ho sakataa hai.
5 Word endings may also help in identifying Noun like: ShabdoN kaa ant bhee Noun kee pahachaan karane meiN madad kar sakataa hai jaise:
-ist = Racist
-ity = Cavity
-ee = Trainee
-ism = Socialism
-dom = Freedom
-ness = Firmness
-ment = Excitement
-hood = Brotherhood
-er = Writer, Carpenter
-or = Inspector, Director

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Test of word 'Work' in two different sentences:

They work very slow. (Word - Work) The work was very slow. (Word - Work)
Determiners cannot be placed before it Determiner 'The' is placed before it hence it is a Noun
No Adjective can be placed before it. Adjectives like 'Important', 'Simple and easy' can be placed before it hence it is a Noun
As per grammar in this tense it cannot be pluralized here It can be plularized - The works were.... Hence it is a Noun
Word ending point - not relevant here Word ending point - not relevant here
Here it is neither functioning as a Subject nor an Object. It is acting here as a Verb. Here it is functioning as a Subject, hence it is a Noun


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