ELC-12th Day - BarahavaaN Din
|12th Day - We shall learn about Past Perfect Continuous Tense and Double Past. Sentences to express a continued or ongoing action that started in past and is continued until sometime in past, come under Past Perfect Continuous Tense.|
Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express a continued or ongoing action that started in past and is continued until sometime in past. There
will always a time reference like – for a few days, for ten months, for 2 years, since Wednesday, since 2011, since January etc.
If there is no time reference, then it is not a Past perfect continuous tense. Without time reference, it is Past Continuous Tense.
e.g. - I was learning English in this school - Past Continuous Tense
I had been learning English in this school for 20 days - Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Continuous tense bataataa hai kee kaarya yaa action bhoot kaal meiN lagaataar jaaree rahaa thaa. Isakee pahachaan
hai – vaakya ke ant meiN ‘rahaa thaa’, ‘rahee thee’, ‘rahe thay’ kaa prayog hotaa hai. Parantu aise vaakyo meN
lagaataar samay kaa prayog jarooree hai. Agar vaakya meiN kaarya yaa action ek niyat samay se lagaataar jaaree thaa
aur vaakya ke ant meiN ‘rahaa thaa’, ‘rahee thee’, ‘rahe thay’ ho, to vah Past Perfect Continuous Tense hai.
Agar lagaataar samay nahee diyaa huaa hai aur vaakya ke ant meiN ‘rahaa thaa’, ‘rahee thee’, ‘rahe thay’ ho to vah vaakya Past Continuous Tense hai. Vaakya meiN lagaataar samay kaa prayog
hee past continuous and past perfect continuous tense meiN antar (difference) bataataa hai.
Jaise – - Past Continuous Tense – MaiN is school meiN Enghlish Seekh rahaa thaa.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense - MaiN is school meiN 20 dino se English seekh rahaa thaa.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Positive
|Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Positive|
|Type of Sentence||Rule|
|Positive||Subject + Had + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (.)|
In Past Perfect Continuous Tense, helping verb 'Had Been' is used and 'Ing' is added with first form
of Verb. For time 'Since or For' is used. Word 'Since’ is used when time mentioned in the sentence is certain and ‘For’ is
used when time mentioned in the sentence is not certain.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense meiN sahaayak kriyaa 'Had Been' kaa prayog hotaa hai aur verb kee first form ke saath 'Ing' joDaa
jaataa hai. Vaakya meiN diye huay time ke liye 'Since yaa For' kaa prayog hotaa hai. Agar time nishchit hai to ‘Since’ kaa prayog
karate hai and agar time anishchit hai to ‘For’ kaa prayog karate hai.
|Use of 'For' and 'Since'|
|"For" is applied before uncertain time:-||"Since" is applied before certain time:-|
|Five hours, two hours, an hour||3 O'clock, 10 O'clock, 5 PM, 4 AM.|
|few days, four days, seven days||Monday, Saturday, Sunday|
|two months, eight months||March, June, December|
|One year, ten years||2011, 2012, 2013|
|for a long time||Since long.|
|Yesterday, tomorrow, day after tomorrow|
|Morning, Evening, Night, Noon, Afternoon.|
|Birth, beginning, then, when|
|Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Positive||MaiN do mahine se novel likh rahaa thaa.|
|Person||Subject||Had||Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object||Since / For||Time + Remaining|
|Ist person||I||Had||been writing a novel||for||two months.|
|Ist Person -Plural||We||Had||been writing a novel||for||two months.|
|2nd Person||You||Had||been writing a novel||for||two months.|
|3rd Person -Singular||He/She/It/Ram/Seema||Had||been writing a novel||for||two months.|
|3rd Person -Plural||They/boys||Had||been writing a novel||for||two months.|
Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Negative
|Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Negative|
|Type of Sentence||Rule|
|Negative||Subject + Had + Not + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (.)|
In Past Perfect Continuous Negative sentence, 'Not' is added between 'Had' and 'Been'.
In Past Perfect Continuous Negative vaakya 'Not' ko 'Had' aur 'Been' ke beech meiN lagaate hai.
|Past Perfect Continuous Tense - Negative||MaiN January se kaafee nahee kamaa rahaa thaa.|
|Person||Subject||Had not||Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object||Since / For||Time + Remaining|
|Ist person||I||Had not||been earning enough||since||January|
|Ist Person -Plural||We||Had not||been earning enough||since||January|
|2nd Person||You||Had not||been earning enough||since||January|
|3rd Person -Singular||He/She/It/Ram/Seema||Had not||been earning enough||since||January|
|3rd Person -Plural||They/boys||Had not||been earning enough||since||January|
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