Your web browser must have JavaScript enabled in order for this application to display correctly.
An easy Way to learn English
Navigation Bar
Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-7th Day

ELC-7th Day - SaatvaaN Din

7th Day - We shall learn about Present Perfect Tense. Sentences of actions which has happened or completed at the time of speaking come under Present Perfect Tense.

Present Perfect Tense

It is used to express an action which has just been happened or completed at the moment of speaking. Present + Perfect means completion of action in present, in other words action has just happened.

Hindi meiN Present Perfect Tense kee pahachaan – Vaakya ke ant meiN ‘aayaa hai’ gayaa hai’ ‘gai hai’ ‘liyaa hai’ ‘chukaa hai’ ‘chukee hai’ ‘chuke hai’ aadee ka prayog hotaa hai. Action jo abhee haal hee meiN ghaTaa ho yaa pooraa huaa ho, Present perfect tense ke antargat aataa hai. Present + Perfect - vartamaan + poorN arthaat kriyaa kaa vartamaan meiN poorN honaa, doosare shabdoN meiN kaarya abhee haal hee meiN sampann huaa hai.

Present Perfect Tense - Positive

Present Perfect Tense - Positive
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Has/Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In Present Perfect Tense, 'has/have' and 3rd form of Verb is used. 'Has' is used only when subject is third person-singular. In all other cases, 'Have' is used in Present Perfect Tense.

Present Perfect Tense meiN 'has/have' aur verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai. 'Has' kaa prayog tabhee hotaa hai jab subject third person-singular ho. Baaki sab ke saath 'have' kaa prayog hotaa hai.

Present Perfect Tense - Positive Maine nai car khareed lee hai.
Person Subject Has/Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person I have bought a new car.
Ist Person -Plural We have bought a new car.
2nd Person You have bought a new car.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema has bought a new car.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys have bought a new car.

TOP


Read the following sentences:

Vaakya Sentence
Train aa chukee hai. The train has arrived.
Vartika so chukee hai. Vartika has slept.
Avyan nahaa chukaa hai. Avyan has taken bath.
Tum aaye ho/aa chuke ho. You have come.
Maine yah kitab paDhee hai/MaiN yah kitab paDh chukaa hoon. I have read this book.
Teacher ne paper jaanch liye hai. The teacher has checked the papers.
Usane naashtaa kar liyaa hai. He has taken breakfast.
Keemate phir baDh gai hai. Prices have risen again.
Tum ab pitaa ban gaye ho. You have become a father now.
Maahika abhee gai hai. Mahika has just gone.

TOP

Present Perfect Tense - Negative

Present Perfect Tense - Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Negative Subject + Has/Have + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In Negative sentence, 'Not' is added after helping verb-Has/Have and before '3rd form of Verb'.

Isake Negative vaakya meiN 'Not' ko helping verb-Has/Have ke baad aur verb kee third form se pahale lagaate hai.

Present Perfect Tense - Negative Usane meraa kaam khatam nahee kiyaa hai.
Person Subject Has/Have + Not + Verb(3rd Form) Subject
Ist person I have not finished my work.
Ist Person -Plural We have not finished my work.
2nd Person You have not finished my work.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema has not finished my work.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys have not finished my work.

Pages of Current Lesson

1st 2nd


Links of English Learning Course Lessons
Days 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th
Days 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 32nd 33rd 34th 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th
Days 41st 42nd 43rd 44th 45th

Please click here to know : Correct Method of English Learning


TOP : Home : Essential Grammar : Learning Course : Day To Day English : Vocabulary : Sitemap : Privacy : About:Feedback

All Rights are reserved.