ELC-7th Day - SaatvaaN Din
|7th Day - We shall learn about Present Perfect Tense. Sentences of actions which has happened or completed at the time of speaking come under Present Perfect Tense.|
Present Perfect Tense
It is used to express an action which has just been happened or completed at the moment of speaking. Present + Perfect means completion
of action in present, in other words action has just happened.
Hindi meiN Present Perfect Tense kee pahachaan – Vaakya ke ant meiN ‘aayaa hai’ gayaa hai’ ‘gai hai’ ‘liyaa hai’ ‘chukaa hai’ ‘chukee hai’ ‘chuke hai’ aadee
ka prayog hotaa hai. Action jo abhee haal hee meiN ghaTaa ho yaa pooraa huaa ho, Present perfect tense ke antargat aataa hai. Present + Perfect - vartamaan + poorN
arthaat kriyaa kaa vartamaan meiN poorN honaa, doosare shabdoN meiN kaarya abhee haal hee meiN sampann huaa hai.
Present Perfect Tense - Positive
|Present Perfect Tense - Positive|
|Type of Sentence||Rule|
|Positive||Subject + Has/Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)|
In Present Perfect Tense, 'has/have' and 3rd form of Verb is used. 'Has' is used only when subject is third person-singular. In all other cases, 'Have'
is used in Present Perfect Tense.
Present Perfect Tense meiN 'has/have' aur verb kee 3rd form kaa prayog hotaa hai. 'Has' kaa prayog tabhee hotaa hai jab subject third person-singular
ho. Baaki sab ke saath 'have' kaa prayog hotaa hai.
|Present Perfect Tense - Positive||Maine nai car khareed lee hai.|
|Person||Subject||Has/Have + Verb (3rd Form)||Object|
|Ist person||I||have bought||a new car.|
|Ist Person -Plural||We||have bought||a new car.|
|2nd Person||You||have bought||a new car.|
|3rd Person -Singular||He/She/It/Ram/Seema||has bought||a new car.|
|3rd Person -Plural||They/boys||have bought||a new car.|
Read the following sentences:
|Train aa chukee hai.||The train has arrived.|
|Vartika so chukee hai.||Vartika has slept.|
|Avyan nahaa chukaa hai.||Avyan has taken bath.|
|Tum aaye ho/aa chuke ho.||You have come.|
|Maine yah kitab paDhee hai/MaiN yah kitab paDh chukaa hoon.||I have read this book.|
|Teacher ne paper jaanch liye hai.||The teacher has checked the papers.|
|Usane naashtaa kar liyaa hai.||He has taken breakfast.|
|Keemate phir baDh gai hai.||Prices have risen again.|
|Tum ab pitaa ban gaye ho.||You have become a father now.|
|Maahika abhee gai hai.||Mahika has just gone.|
Present Perfect Tense - Negative
|Present Perfect Tense - Negative|
|Type of Sentence||Rule|
|Negative||Subject + Has/Have + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)|
In Negative sentence, 'Not' is added after helping verb-Has/Have and before '3rd form of Verb'.
Isake Negative vaakya meiN 'Not' ko helping verb-Has/Have ke baad aur verb kee third form se pahale lagaate hai.
|Present Perfect Tense - Negative||Usane meraa kaam khatam nahee kiyaa hai.|
|Person||Subject||Has/Have + Not + Verb(3rd Form)||Subject|
|Ist person||I||have not finished||my work.|
|Ist Person -Plural||We||have not finished||my work.|
|2nd Person||You||have not finished||my work.|
|3rd Person -Singular||He/She/It/Ram/Seema||has not finished||my work.|
|3rd Person -Plural||They/boys||have not finished||my work.|
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