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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-20th Day

ELC-20th Day - BeesavaaN Din

20th Day - Today also we shall learn about Question Making. We have learnt about Yes/No type Questions and Tag Type Question. Now we begin with W-family type Questions.

Question Making-2

W-Family Type Questions

W-family includes words - What, Which, Where, When, Why, How, Who, Whom, Whose etc. Questions which starts with the W-family words are known as W-family type questions. In such questions, interrogator asks certain information. Reply of such questions is not possible by saying only Yes or No.

W-family meiN shabd shaamil hai - What, Which, Where, When, Why, How, Who, Whom, Whose etc. Ve prashnA jo W-family ke shabdoN se shuru hote hai, W-family prakaar ke prashnA kahalaate hai. Aise prashno meN, prashnakartaa kuchh jaankaaree chaahataa hai. Aise prashno kaa jawaab Haan yaa Naa meiN denaa sambhav nahee hai.

Normal rule For making Interrogative sentence with W-family words, First you make a simple sentence, then convert it to interrogative form as per the rule of the Tense of the sentence, then put W-family word in the beginning of the sentence. The word of W-family can come in the middle of the sentence also.

W-Family ke interrogative vaakya banaane kaa sadhaaraN niyam - sabase pahale vaakya ko simple tense meiN banaao, phir use us vaakya ke Tense ke niyam ke anusaar interrogative form meiN convert karo aur phir usake aaraambh meiN W-Family kaa koi shabd lagaao.W-family word kaa prayog vaakya ke beech meiN bhee hotaa hai.


Examples

Vaakya Sentence
Aap London gaye. You went to London
Kyaa aap London gaye? Did you go to London?
Aap London kab gaye? When did you go to London?
Aap London kyoN gaye? Why did you go to London?
Tum London kaun see flight se gaye? You went to London by which flight?

Rule : W-family word + Helping Verb + Subject + Remaining part as per Tense of the Question + ?
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What Vs Which

What is generally used for some talk or matter and which is generally used for a thing.

What (Kyaa) sadhaaraNatayaa kisee baat ke liye prayog hotaa hai aur which (Kaun saa/Kaun see) Kisee cheej ke liye prayog hotaa hai.


Examples

Vaakya Sentence
Maine aapako kal kyaa kahaa? What did I tell you yesterday?
Tum nahee samajhe ho jo maine tumhe kal kahaa. You have not understood what I told you yesterday.
Table jo tumane aaj khareedee, achchhee hai. The table which you purchased today is good.
Tumhaaree kitab kaun see hai? Which is your book?

What is used when choice is to be made from number of options and which is used when chosing from limited options.

What kaa prayog tab karate hai jab bahut se vikalpo meiN se select karanaa ho aur which kaa prayog tab karate hai jab seemit vikalpo meiN se selection karanaa ho.
Examples

Vaakya Sentence
Tum apane naashate meiN kyaa pasand karoge? What would you like in your breakfast?
Maine sandwich aur paraanThe banaaye hai. Tum kise pasand karoge? I have prepared sandwiches and paranthas. Which would you prefer?
Usake vyavahaar par tumhaaree kyaa raay hai? What is your opinion on his behaviour?
Indian cricket team kaa kaun saa khilaaDee tumhaaraa pasandidaa hai? Which is your favourite player of Indian cricket team?
Tumhaaraa pasandidaa khel kaun saa hai? What is your favourite sport?
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Which is used before word 'one' and 'of' and it is also used to identify certain people out of a group of people.

Which kaa prayog shabd 'one' aur 'of' se pahale hotaa hai aur isakaa prayog kisee group se logo ko pahachaan karane ke liye bhee hotaa hai.
Examples

Vaakya Sentence
Iname se kaun see car tum chalaanaa pasand karoge? Which one of the following cars, you would like to drive?
Is photograph meiN tumhaaraa boy friend kaun hai? Which is your boy friend in this photograph?
Is class meiN 40 student hai. Tumhaaraa beTaa kaun saa hai? There are 40 students in this class. Which one is your son?
Raat 11.30 baje kaun saa Dhaabaa khulaa hai? Which of the Dhaabaa is open at 11.30 pm?


What is used when we ask about someone's job or function.

What kaa prayog peshe (profession) ke baare meiN baat karane meiN prayog hotaa hai.

Examples

Vaakya Sentence
Tumhaaraa dhandaa kyaa hai? What is your profession?
Tum kyaa bananaa chaahoge- doctor yaa engineer? What would you like to be - a doctor or an engineer?
Tumhaare pitaa jee kyaa hai (kyaa karate hai)? What is your father?
Us company meiN vah kyaa hai (kyaa pad/post hai)? What is he in that company?

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Who Vs Whom

Who and Whom both are pronoun. Who is used for referring to the subject of a sentence. Whom is used for referring to the Object of the verb.

Who aur whom dono pronoun hai. Who (Kaun) kaa prayog vaakya ke Subject (Kartaa Aadamee) ke liye hotaa hai aur Whom (Kisko) kaa prayog verb ke Object ke liye prayog hotaa hai.
Examples

Vaakya Sentence
Tumhaaraa bhai kaun hai? Who is your brother?
Usakee shaadee ke baare meiN tumhe kisane bataayaa? Who told you about his marriage?
Kelaa kisane khaayaa? Who ate the banana?
Class meiN kaun so rahaa thaa? Who was sleeping in the class?
Tum kisko chaahate ho? Whom do you want?
Vah kisko pyaar karatee hai? Whom does she love?
Isake baare meiN mujhe kisko shikaayat karanee chaahiye? To whom should I complaint about it?

To differentiate between Who and Whom, ask the question to yourself and note that answer is 'He' or 'Him'. If answer is 'He' then use 'Who' and if the answer is 'Him' then use 'Whom'

Who aur Whom meiN antar karane ke liye aap apane aap se prashnA kareN aur dekhe kee jawaab 'Vah - He' hai yaa 'Use/Usakaa - Him'. Agar jawah 'Vah - He' hai to 'Who' kaa prayog kareN aur agar jawaab 'Use/Usakaa - Him' hai to 'Whom' kaa prayog kareN.

Ist example is -'Who is your brother?'. You are to ask question yourself and note what is the answer. In this case, answer will be 'He' - He is your brother. It cannot be 'Him' - Him is your brother -is incorrect. Hence here it is correct to use word 'Who'.

Pahalaa udaaharaN hai - Tumhaaraa bhai kaun hai? Is vaakya kaa prashan apane aap se poochhane par jawaab aayega ' Vah - He' - Vah tumhaaraa bhai hai. YahaaN 'Use -Him' nahee aa sakataa - Use meraa bhai hai - galat hai. Isliye yahaaN'Who' kaa prayog correct hai.
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Another example is - 'To whom should I complaint about it?'. When asking the question to yourself, the answer is 'I should complaint about it to him'. It is incorrect to say 'I should complaint about it to 'he' . Hence here it is correct to use word 'Whom' .

Agalaa udaaharaN hai - Isake baare meiN mujhe kisko shikaayat karanee chaahiye. Apane aap se prashan poochhane par jawaab aayega 'Use/Usako -Him' - Mujhe isake baare meiN shikaayat usako karanee chaahiye. YahaaN ' Vah - He' nahee aa sakataa - Mujhe isake baare meiN shikaayat vah karanee chaahiye - galat hai. Isliye is vaakya meiN 'whom' kaa prayog hee sahee hai.

Examples

Vaakya Sentence
Jisase yah sambandhit ho. To whom it may concern.
Usakee chhuTTee ke baare meiN mujhe kisko suchit karanaa hai? To whom should I inform about his leave?
Vah vyakti jisase aap raaste meiN mile, HDFC bank meiN kaam karataa hai. The person with whom you met on the way is working in HDFC bank.
Tumhe tips kaun de rahaa hogaa? Who will be giving you the tips?
Tum kitab kisko doge? Whom will you handover the book?
Vah officer thaa jisane meree madad kee. He was the officer who helped me.
Vah officer thaa jisako maine letter diyaa. He was the officer whom I gave the letter.
Kaun miThaai baanTegaa aur kisko baanTegaa? Who will distribute sweets and to whom ?
MaiN nahee jaanataa usane kisko aamantrit kiyaa hai. I do not know whom he has invited.

Use of "whom" is becoming less and less common in English particularly in the United States.

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