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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> The-Verb-Subect-Agreement

Agreement between Verb and Subject

It is very important to learn the use of Verb with each Parts of Sentence - Subject, Noun, Pronoun, Preposition, Conjunction etc. There are different rules and by cramming these rules, one cannot learn good English. Read the rules again & again and make your own sentences to achieve command over English. Agreement between Verb and Subject for the use of Verb is explained hereunder:

Kriyaa ke prayog ko vaakya ke har bhaag - Subject, Noun, Pronoun, Preposition, Conjunction aadi ke saath seekhanaa bahut matavapoorN hai. Kai niyam hai aur unako raTane se koi achchee Angrejee nahee seekh sakataa hai. In niyamo ko baar baar paDheN aur English par prabhutva praapt karane ke liye apane vaakya banaaye. Kriyaa ke prayog ke liye Verb aur Subject ke beech Agreement ko yahaaN neeche batalaayaa gayaa hai:

1 When two different nouns in a sentence are used for same subject, singular verb form is used. Jab do alag alag noun, vaakya meiN ek hee subject ke liye prayukt ho to, singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. The writer and the economist has met with an accident.
2. The leader and the actor has won the election.
3. The Director and professor has resigned today.
4. The speaker and the artist mesmerized the audience.
2 When two nouns of the same meaning or different meaning but used as a phrase in sentence, singular verb form is used. Jab do noun ek saa arth rakhate ho yaa alag alag arth waale parantu ek phrase kee tarah vaakya meiN prayukt huay ho tab singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. The profit and gain of the company is very lucrative.
2. The advantage and benefit of making him a member is known to all.
3. Slow and steady wins the race.
4. Breakfast of bread and butter is available in all the hotels.
3 When two or more singular nouns are connected in a sentence by - or, either…or, neither…nor, singular verb form is used. Jab do yaa do se adhik singular noun vaakya meiN - or, either...or, neither…nor se juDe ho tab singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. Either Mr Bimlendu Biswas or Mr Rajesh Narain is to be present in office.
2. Neither Avyan nor Vartika has started speaking before 18 months.
3. Kanika or her mother gives suitable reply.
4. No student or teacher was in favour of his dismissal.

4 When two or more nouns mixed - singular(s) and plural(s) nouns are connected in a sentence by - or, either…or, neither…nor, plural noun must be put just before the verb and plural verb form is used. जब दो या दो से अधिक noun कोई singular कोई plural noun वाक्य में - or, either...or, neither…nor से जुड़े हो तब plural noun को verb के साथ लगाया जाता है और plural verb का प्रयोग होता है । 1. Either the leader or the employees have to be tempted to break the strike.
2. Neither she nor her family members were ready to send her abroad.
3. Reeta or her friends have consoled her.
4. Raj or his friends have broken the glass.
4 When two or more nouns mixed - singular(s) and plural(s) nouns are connected in a sentence by - or, either…or, neither…nor, plural noun must be put just before the verb and plural verb form is used. Jab do yaa do se adhik noun koi singular koi plural noun vaakya meiN - or, either..or, neither…nor se juDe ho tab plural noun ko verb ke saath lagaayaa jaataa hai aur plural verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. Either the leader or the employees have to be tempted to break the strike.
2. Neither she nor her family members were ready to send her abroad.
3. Reeta or her friends have consoled her.
4. Raj or his friends have broken the glass.
5 When two or more subjects of different persons are connected in a sentence by - or, either…or, neither…nor, verb is used as per the subject that comes just before it. Jab do yaa do se adhik subject alag alag Person ke ek vaakya meiN - or, either…or, neither…nor se juDe ho tab verb se turant pahale prayukt subject ke anusaar verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. Either you or Manjula is answerable.
2. Neither she nor I am going to tolerate his nuisance.
3. She or they are going by train.
4. Either we or your principal is to get the credit of your success.
6 When two subjects are connected in a sentence by Not only…but also, verb is used as per the subject that comes just before it. Jab do subject ek vaakya meiN - Not only…but also, se juDe ho tab verb se turant pahale prayukt subject ke anusaar verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. Not only they but also she was enjoying annual function of their school.
2. Not only the professors but all the students were in formal uniform.
3. Not only Avyan but also Vartika has started speaking.
4. Not only farmers but also the executives are demanding immediate action on crimes.
7 When another subject of the sentence is connected with the conjunctions - as well as, with, together with, besides, in addition to in a sentence, verb form is used as per the first subject of the sentence. Jab vaakya meiN ek subject se doosaraa subject nimn conjunctions - as well as, with, together with, besides, in addition se juDaa ho tab verb pahale subject ke anusaar prayukt hotaa hai. 1. Three shirts in addition to one T-shirt have been purchased by her.
2. His car with all the additional accessories is damaged in flood water.
3. Crows despite its ugly look are invited during shraads.
4. He as well as his mentors is going to take holy bath in the Ganga.
8 When two different singular subjects are connected with And, plural form of verb is used. Jab do singular subject ko And se joDaa jaataa hai to plural verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. Sita and Gita are real sisters.
2. Sita and Gita is a famous movie.
3. Avyan and Vartika have become very naughty.
4. Kanika and her mother are very smart in talking.
9 When collective nouns - Committee, Army, Parliament, Jury, Council, Team, etc are used as a unit in sentence, singular verb form is used. Jab collective noun - Committee, Crew, Parliament, Jury, Council, ityaadee vaakya meiN ek ekaai kee tarah prayukt ho tab singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. The committee has declared elections.
2. The Parliament is capable of making any law.
3. The jury has taken a historic decision.
4. The council meets tomorrow.
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10 When collective nouns - Committee, Army, Parliament, Jury, Council, Team, etc are not used as a unit or seems divided in sentence, plural verb form is used. Jab collective noun - Committee, Crew, Parliament, Jury, Council, ityaadee vaakya meiN ek ekaai kee tarah prayukt naa ho aur alag alag/vibhakt prateet ho tab plural verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. The jury are meeting with their families today.
2. My family have settled in different countries.
3. Army were marching at sensitive places.
4. Team are working hard to meet their individual goals.
11 Singular form of verb is used with noun connected with Each and Every. Each and Every se juDe huay noun ke saath singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. Each employee has to attend the meeting.
2. Every girl is now confident to succeed in any field.
3. Each candidate has spent three days in forest camp.
4. Each boy and every girl has appreciated about the teaching techniques imparted in the school.
12 Singular form of verb comes with Either of, Each of, Neither of and plural noun comes after them. Either of, Each of, Neither of ke saath singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai aur inake baad plural noun aataa hai. 1. Each of the officers is deployed on duty.
2. Either of the brothers is to apologize for it.
3. Neither of us is going to counsel him.
4. Each of the students is detained for full time in the examination hall.
13 Singular form of verb is used with nouns - Everyone, Everybody, Somebody, Someone, No one, Each one. Everyone, Everybody, Somebody, Someone, No one, Each one. ke saath singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. Everyone is enjoying the picnic.
2. Somebody is going to warn you.
3. Nobody has dared to stop me.
4. Each one is eligible for the course.
14 Singular form of verb is used with Noun which looks plural but are singular in meaning. Singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai jab noun dikhane meiN plural lage parantu arth meiN singular ho. 1. Interesting news is en-cashed by news channels.
2. Physics is my favourite subject.
3. Mathematics is a 100% scoring subject.
4. First innings of my life is very successful.
15 Plural form of verb is used with Nouns which look singular but are plural in meaning like -People, Dozen, Hundred, Thousand, Million, Company, Gentry, etc. Plural verb kaa prayog hotaa hai jab noun dikhane meiN singular lage parantu arth meiN plural ho jaise - People, Dozen, Hundred, Thousand, Million, Company, Cattle etc. 1. People have great hope from the new Government.
2. The storm has badly affected the trees and more than hundred have been uprooted.
3. Million are playing lottery daily.
4. The cattle are grazing in the field.
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16 Use of Other and Another -If noun comes after Other, plural noun and plural verb is used and if noun comes after Another, singular noun and singular verb is used. Other-Another. Jab vaakya meiN Other ke baad koi noun aaye to plural noun aur plural verb kaa prayog hotaa hai aur yadi Another ke baad koi noun aaye to singular noun aur singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. There are other options also.
2. There is another option also.
3. There are other players waiting for their turn.
4. There is another player waiting for his turn.
17 If countable noun comes with - All, Some; both noun and verb come plural and if uncountable noun comes with them, both noun and verb come singular in the sentence. All, Some ke saath yadi countable noun aataa hai to noun tathaa verb dono plural lagatee hai aur yadi uncountable noun aataa hai to noun tathaa verb dono singular lagatee hai. 1. All the Meru cabs are of same colour.
2. All the passion comes from self motivation.
3. Some snakes are very poisonous.
4. Some liquid is lying in that vessel.
18 If countable noun comes with - A number of, a lot of, plenty of, some of, none of, percent of, many of, much of, one third of, three fourth of; both noun and verb are plural and if uncountable noun comes with them, both noun and verb are singular. A number of, a lot of, plenty of, some of, none of, percent of, many of, much of, one third of, three fourth of; ke saath yadi countable noun aataa hai to noun tathaa verb dono plural lagatee hai aur yadi uncountable noun aataa hai to noun tathaa verb dono singular lagatee hai. 1. Plenty of tigers are found in Gir forest.
2. Plenty of time is already wasted.
3. Most of the students are not serious about their career.
4. Most of the production was ready in time.
5. A number of visitors are surfing this site.
6. Much of the milk does not contain real fat.
7. Many of books are liked by him.
8. One third of the committee members have voted against him.
9. Two third of the apple is given to the boy.
10. None of the employee was present on that day.
19 Use of 'A number of' and 'The number of'. Plural verb comes with 'A number of' and singular verb comes with 'The number of'. 'A number of' aur 'The number of'- 'A number of' ke baad plural verb aataa hai tathaa 'The number of' ke baad singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. A number of girls prefer to go on a picnic with their parents.
2. A number of jobs are still pending.
3. The number of successful candidates is applying for computer course.
4. The number of selected shirts is marked for sale.
20 Scissors, spectacles, shoes, goggles, trousers, etc - looks plural and made of two parts. With these, plural form of verb is used. But if 'a pair' is used with them, then singular verb is used. Scissors, spectacles, shoes, goggles, trousers, aadi dikhane may plural lagatee hai aur do bhaago se banee hotee hai. Inake saath plural form kaa prayog hotaa hai. Kintu yadi inake saath 'a pair' kaa prayog ho to singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. The scissors are kept in the drawer.
2. My spectacles are giving me trouble.
3. A pair of shoes is ordered by me.
4. A pair of trousers is packed in the suitcase
21 When a noun comes after More than one, singular verb is used but when noun comes between More _____(noun) than one, plural verb is used. Jab noun More than one ke baad aataa hai to singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai kintu jab noun More _____(noun) than one ke beech meiN aataa hai to plural verb kaa prayog hotaa hai. 1. More than one person was injured.
2. More than one woman was granted election ticket.
3. More leaders than one were criticized by people.
4. More students than one have joined summer camps.


4 When two or more nouns mixed - singular(s) and plural(s) nouns are connected in a sentence by - or, either…or, neither…nor, plural noun must be put just before the verb and plural verb form is used. जब दो या दो से अधिक noun कोई singular कोई plural noun वाक्य में - or, either...or, neither…nor से जुड़े हो तब plural noun को verb के साथ लगाया जाता है और plural verb का प्रयोग होता है । 1. Either the leader or the employees have to be tempted to break the strike.
2. Neither she nor her family members were ready to send her abroad.
3. Reeta or her friends have consoled her.
4. Raj or his friends have broken the glass.
22 When verbs - Dare and Need are used in sentence as Modals, it does not become dares/needs even for singular subject. Jab verb - Dare aur Need vaakya meiN Modal kee tarah prayukt hote hai to singular verb ke saath bhee dares/needs nahee prayukt hote. 1. He dare to criticize the minister.
2. They dare not come here.
3. He need not to call doctor.
4. Dolly dare not say anything to Kanika.
23 In Imaginary sentences, plural verb is used for singular subject also. Kalpanasheel (Imaginary) vaakyo meiN singular subject ke saath bhee plural verb kaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai. 1. I wish I were a king.
2. Were you my boss!
3. If I were a bird, I would have flown in the sky.
4. If I were a sparrow, I would have reached my mother immediately.
24 Generic reference with 'The' - the rich, the poor, the old, the young, the English, the Indian makes them plural and plural verb is used for them. It is incorrect to write 'the poors', 'the olds'. Jaatigat hawaalaa 'The' - the rich, the poor, the old, the young, the English, the Indian inako plural arth detaa hai aur plural verb kaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai. Plural arth ke liye 'the poor' ko 'the poors' likhanaa galat hai. 1. The rich are not always happy.
2. The old always love soft music.
3. The young are ambitious but impatient.
4. The Indian are quite religious.

1 When two different nouns in a sentence is used for same subject, singular verb form is used. Jab do alag alag noun, vaakya meiN ek hee subject ke liye prayukt ho to, singular verb kaa prayog hotaa hai.
1. The writer and economist has met with an accident.
2. The leader and actor has won the election.
3. The Director and professor has resigned today.
4. The speaker and artist is mesmerizing the audience.
1. Lekhak aur arthashaastree durghaTanaagrast huaa hai.
2. Netaa aur abhinetaa chunaav jeet gayaa hai.
3. Nirdeshak aur professor ne aaj isteefa de diyaa hai.
4. Vaktaa aur kalaakaar shrotaao ko mantramugdha kar rahaa hai.

The most common verbs in English

The 25 most commonly used verbs in English are: 1. be, 2. have, 3. do, 4. say, 5. get, 6. make, 7. go, 8. know, 9. take, 10. see, 11. come, 12. think, 13. look, 14. want, 15. give, 16. use, 17. find, 18. tell, 19. ask, 20. work, 21. seem, 22. feel, 23. try, 24. leave, 25. call.


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