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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> The-Verb-Causative

Causative Verb - KaaraNavaachak Kriya

Causative verb indicates that the subject does not perform the action or event but rather takes help or forces another person to perform that action or event. In simple words, In English there are three persons (Ist person - I,we, 2nd person - you and third person - he, she, it, Ram). When Ist person does not perform the action himself rather he is asking or forcing or managing others to perform that action, we use Causative Verbs.

kaaranavaachak kriya yah bataatee hai ki karta svayan pratyaksh roop se kaary nahin karata apitu kisee doosare vyakti kee sahaayata leta hai ya us vyakti par kaary karane ke lie dabaav daalata hai. saral shabdon mein, angrejee mein teen vyakti hote hain (pratham vyakti - main, ham, doosara vyakti - aap aur teesara vyakti - vah, yah, raam). jab pahalee vyakti khud kaarravaee nahin karata hai vah us kaarravaee ko karane ke lie doosaron se kah raha hai ya majaboor kar raha hai ya kushalata se kaam karva raha hai, tab ham causative verb ka upayog karte hain.

In other words, it shows that an external factor (somebody or something) is indirectly responsible for an action. A causative verb can be in any tense and is followed by an Object and a verb form which can be infinitive or a participle and describes the resulting action the subject has got done.

doosare shabdon mein, yah bataata hai kee kaary ke liye apratyaksh roop se baaharee tatva (koi vyakti ya koi vastu) jimmedaar hai. ek kaarak kriya kisee bhee tense mein ho sakatee hai aur usake baad object aur ek kriya aatee hai jo infinitive ya participle ho sakatee hai aur karta ke dvaara ki gai karavaee ke parinaam ka varnan karatee hai.

Causative verbs, make, let and have are mostly followed by a base form of verb. These words can also be followed by present and past participles.

Kaaranapoorn kriyaen, make, let aur have ke baad varb kee base form aatee hain. In shabdon ke baad present aur past participle bhee aa sakata hai. aaiye nimnalikhit box ko dekhen jo mool kriya aur causative kriya kee vaakya sanrachana mein antar dikhaata hai:

Lets look at the following box which shows the difference in the sentence structure of basic verb and causative verb:

Basic verb Causative verb Saadhaaran kriya Kaaranavaachak kriya
To Open To make open or Cause to Open Kholana Khulavaaya
Ram opened the door. I made Ram open the door Ram ne daravaaza khola . aine Ram se daravaaza khulavaaya .
To tell To let someone tell Kahana kisee ko kahane dena
John tells daily the story of Ant and Elephant. Teacher let John tell daily the story of Ant and Elephant. John cheenteen aur haathee kee kahaanee roj sunaata hai . Adhyaapak John ko cheenteen aur haathee kee kahaanee roj sunaane deta hai .
To Cry To make cry Rona Rulavaana
She cried to release her emotions. Shilpa made her cry to release her emotions. Vah apane manobhaav ko nikaalane ke liye roi . Shilpa ne use apane manobhaav ko nikaalane ke liye rulavaaya .
To listen or to hear Have one listen or hear Sunana Sunavaana
Avyan listens to Radio news. Manjula have Avyan listen to Radio news. Avyan radio ke samaachaar sunata hai . Manjula ne avyan ko radio samaachaar sunavaayen .

Some of the most commonly used causative verbs in English are: Have, Make, Cause, Let, Get, Keep, Allow, Force, etc. Here we shall only cover the uses of Have, Get, Make, Cause & Let.

Kuchh aamataur par istemaal hone vaalee English kee kaaranavaachak kriya shabd hai: Have, Make, Cause, Let, Get, Keep, Allow, Force, etc । yahaan ham samaavesh karenge - Have, Get, Make, Cause & Let ka prayog ।

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