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ELC-6th Day - छठा दिन

6th Day - We shall learn about Present Continuous Tense and Rule of 'ING'. Sentences of continuous actions come under Present Continuous Tense and is regularly used in English.

Present Continuous Tense

The Present Continuous Tense is used to express an action which is 'on-going / still going on' . Hence it is continuous like "It is raining".

It is used to express an action going on at the time of speaking. For example, a girl says "I am reading his letter" . It means, at that moment, she is reading a letter or in the process of reading the letter. The action of reading is happening at the time of speaking.

It is used to express an action which is not happening exactly at the time of speaking but is happening in regular process in present time. For example "He is studying in Government school."

It is used to express a planned or arranged action happening in the near future. For example – New series of Harry Potter is coming early.



प्रेज़न्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स कार्य या एक्शन लगातार जारी रहता है । हिन्दी में इसकी पहचान है - वाक्य के अंत में 'रहा है', 'रही है', 'रहे हैं' का प्रयोग होता है ।

'क्रिया जारी है' का अर्थ यह है की वाक्य कहते वक्त वह क्रिया चल रही है जैसे - राम लेटर पढ़ रहा है । अर्थात वाक्य कहने के समय राम लेटर पढ़ने की क्रिया कर रहा है ।

इसका दूसरा अर्थ है - क्रिया वाक्य कहते वक्त शुरु नही भी हो लेकिन वर्तमान में लगातार घट रही हो जैसे - आजकल माहिका अंग्रेजी सीख रही है ।

नजदीकी भविष्य में सम्पन्न होने वाले पलान्ड़ एक्शन हेतु भी प्रेज़न्ट कंटिन्युअस टेन्स का प्रयोग किया जाता है - जैसे - हैरी पॅाटर का नया संस्करण जल्दी आ रहा है ।

In Continuous Tense, time may come in sentence but starting time of action should not be there. If starting time of the action is given and action remains continue, the Continuous Tense becomes Perfect Continuous Tense e.g. He has been studying in Government school for the last three years. In this sentence, starting time of the action 'studying - for the last three years' is given and action is continuous hence it has become Present Perfect Continuous Tense. If we remove continuous time "for the last three years" from sentence, it will remain a sentence of Present Continuous Tense.
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इन वाक्यों में समय का प्रयोग हो सकता है परंतु ऐसे वाक्यों में लगातार समय का प्रयोग नही होना चाहिए । वह वाक्य जहां कार्य शुरु होने का विगत समय दिया हुआ हो और एक्शन लगातार चल रहा हो और वाक्य के अंत में वाक्य के अंत में 'रहा है', 'रही है', 'रहे हैं' का भी हो, तो वह प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स नही रहता है । वह वाक्य प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स बन जाता है - जैसे:

राम अखबार पढ़ रहा है - प्रेज़न्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स
राम दो घंटे से अखबार पढ़ रहा है - प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स (क्योंकि यहां लगातार समय 'दो घंटे से' का प्रयोग हुआ है) ।

Few verbs like See, Hear, Smell, Taste, Feel, in simple situation are not used in Continuous Tense because the action of these words are automatically gets done. When these words are used for a particular thing, then these are used in Continuous Tense.

कुछ वर्ब का प्रयोग सामान्य स्थिति में प्रेज़न्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स में नही किया जाता है - जैसे - See, Hear, Smell, Taste, Feel । इन शब्दों की क्रिया अपने-आप स्वतः ही होती है - जैसे - See (देखना) आंखों से स्वतः ही होता है । जहां इनका प्रयोग किसी विशेष उद्देश्य हेतु किया जाता है तो उनको कंटिन्युअस टेन्स में प्रयोग करते हैं ।
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Present Continuous Tense - Positive

Present Continuous Tense
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Is/Am/Are + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.)

In Present Continuous Tense 'Is/Are/Am' is used in sentence and 'Ing' is added with first form of the main verb.

प्रेज़न्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स में 'Is / Are / Am' का प्रयोग होता है और वर्ब की फर्स्ट फ़ॉर्म के साथ 'Ing' लगाया जाता है ।

Present Continuous Tense - Positive वे क्रिकेट खेल रहे हैं ।
Person Subject IS/ARE/AM + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing Object
Ist person I am playing cricket.
Ist Person -Plural We are playing cricket.
2nd Person You are playing cricket.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema is playing cricket.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys are playing cricket.


Examples
वाक्य Sentence
वह अंग्रेजी सीख रही है । She is learning English.
होली आ रही है । Holi is coming.
मैं ऑफिस के लिए निकल रहा हू्ँ । I am leaving for office.
अव्यन और वर्तिका नाच रहे हैं । Avyan and Vartika are dancing.
बूंदा बांदी हो रही है । It is drizzling.
मरीज ठंड से कांप रहा है । The patient is shivering with cold.
वो लड़की बस का इंतजार कर रही है । That girl is waiting for the bus.
आप मुझे भ्रमित कर रहे हो । You are confusing me.
मरीज आज अच्छा महसूस कर रही है । The patient is feeling better today.
मरीज आज बहुत अच्छा महसूस कर रही है (बहुत बहुत अच्छा) । She is feeling much better today (very much better).
कृष्णा गाय का दूध निकाल रहा है । Krishna is milking the cow.
वह तुम्हें गालियां दे रहा है । He is abusing you.
तुम झूठ बोल रहे हो । You are telling a lie / you are lying.
मेरी घड़ी एकदम ठीक है । तुम्हारी घड़ी आगे जा रही है । My watch is absolutely correct. Your watch is gaining time.
वह अपना सर्वश्रेष्ठ प्रयास कर रहा है । He is trying his best.
हम आज शाम को जयपुर जा रहे हैं । We are going to Jaipur today in the evening.
हम अपनी आंखों से देख रहे हैं । We see with our eyes.
तुम मेरी आवाज सुन रहे हो । You hear my voice.
शरारती लड़के बेंचो पर खड़े हैं । Naughty boys are standing on the benches.

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