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ELC-29th Day - उन्नतीसवाँ दिन

29th Day - Today also we will learn about Active Passive. Active Passive is a very important Topic. It is to be understood thoroughly. Active Voice - Subject is main/supreme e.g. Lion eats goat. Passive Voice - Object becomes main/supreme e.g. Goat is eaten by lion. Knowledge of Active-Passive Voice is must for Good English.

Active Passive

Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Will/Shall + Have + Been' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not' is added between 'Will/Shall' and ' Have Been' and in case of Interrogative sentence 'Will/Shall' comes in the starting of the sentence and place of 'Have + Been' remains before Verb (3rd form)

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.



Active and Passive Voice के नियम (नीचे दिये गये है) दिखाते है की Future Perfect Tense को Passive Voice में बदलने के लिये 'Will/Shall + Have + Been' और Verb की 3rd फ़ॉर्म का प्रयोग होता है ।

Negative sentence में 'Not' को 'Will/Shall' और ' Have Been' के बीच में लगाते है और Interrogative sentence में 'Will/Shall' वाक्य के आरंभ में लगाते है । 

सभी प्रकार के Passive Voice वाक्यों - Positive, Negative & Interrogative में verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग होता है

Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Future Perfect (Active Voice) Rule of converting Future Perfect Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Will/Shall + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Will/Shall + Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Will/Shall + Not + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Will/Shall + Not + Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Will/Shall + Subject + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?) Will/Shall + Convert Object to Subject + Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
अव्यन अपना होमवर्क खत्म कर चुका होगा । Avyan will have finshied his home work. His home work will have been finished by Avyan. अपना होमवर्क अव्यन द्वारा खत्म किया जा चुका होगा ।
वर्तिका तुम्हें अपने जन्मदिवस पर आमंत्रित कर चुकी होगी । Vartika will have invited you on her birthday. You will have been invited by Vartika on her birthday. तुम वर्तिका द्वारा उसके जन्मदिवस पर आमंत्रित किये जा चुके होंगे ।
वह लाइट चालू कर चुका होगा । He will have switched on the light. The light will have been switched on by him. लाइट उसके द्वारा चालू की जा चुकी होगी ।
वे मकान को हमारे स्वागत के लिये सजा चुके होंगे । They will have decorated the house for our welcome. The house will have been decorated by them for our welcome. मकान को हमारे स्वागत के लिये उनके द्वारा सजाया जा चुका होगा ।
राष्ट्रपति जी सबसे बड़ी पार्टी को सरकार बनाने का आमंत्रण दे चुके होंगे । The President will have invited the biggest party to form the Government. The biggest party will have been invited by the President to form the Government. सबसे बड़ी पार्टी राष्ट्रपति जी द्वारा सरकार बनाने के लिये आमंत्रित की जा चुकी होगी ।
वह समय पर दवाई ले चुकी होगी । She will have taken medicines on time. Medicines will have been taken by her on time. दवाई उसके द्वारा समय पर ली जा चुकी होगी ।
जज हमारे पक्ष में आदेश पारित कर चुके होंगे । The judge will have issued orders in our favour. Orders will have been issued by the judge in our favour. आदेश जज द्वारा हमारे पक्ष में पारित किया जा चुका होगा ।



Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
वे सारी सावधानियाँ ले चुके होंगे । They will have taken all precautions. All precautions will have been taken by them. सारी सावधानियाँ उनके द्वारा ली जा चुकी होगी ।
अमेरिका आतंकवाद पर नई पॉलिसी बना चुका होगा । America will have formulated new policy on terrorism. New policy on terrorism will have been formulated by America. आतंकवाद पर नई पॉलिसी अमेरिका द्वारा बनाई जा चुकी होगी ।
अव्यन सारे अक्षर सीख चुका होगा । Avyan will have learnt all alphabets. All alphabets will have been learnt by Avyan. सारे अक्षर अव्यन द्वारा सीखें जा चुके होंगे ।
वह लालची व्यक्ति से शादी करने का मना कर चुकी होगी । She will have refused to marry a greedy person. A greedy person will have been refused by her to marry. लालची व्यक्ति से शादी करने को उसके द्वारा मना किया जा चुका होगा ।
क्या बन्दरों ने हमारे पौधों को नुकसान पहुंचाया होगा ? Will the monkeys have damaged our plants? Will our plants have been damaged by the monkeys? क्या हमारे पौधों को बन्दरो द्वारा नुकसान पहुंचाया जा चुका होगा?
क्या तुम दुबारा इंग्लिश क्लास नही जॉइन कर चुकी होंगी ? Will you not have joined again English classes? Will English classes not have been joined by you again? क्या इंग्लिश क्लास दोबारा तुम्हारे द्वारा जॉइन की जा चुकी होगी?

Passive Voice of Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous Tense cannot be changed into Passive Voice.

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