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ELC-1st Day - पहला दिन

Ist Day - We shall start from the beginning. We shall learn main units of English sentence, types of sentences and Subject & Object. Knowledge of it is very important to learn and understand English easily.

Main Units of English Sentence - इंग्लिश वाक्य की मुख्य इकाई

Letter - अक्षर

Like other languages, English language has also letters, words and sentences.

English language has 26 letters. Out of 26 letters, 21 letters are consonants and 5 letters are vowels. Consonants are - B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z and vowels are - A, E, I, O, U. These letters are also known as English alphabet. The written alphabets are in capital letters. The 26 English alphabets in small letters are – a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z.

दूसरी भाषा की तरह, अंग्रेजी भाषा में भी अक्षर, शब्द और वाक्य होते हैं ।

अंग्रजी भाषा में 26 अक्षर है । 26 अक्षरों में से, 21 अक्षर व्यंजन है और 5 अक्षर स्वर है । व्यंजन अक्षर है - B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z और स्वर अक्षर है - A, E, I, O, U. अंग्रेजी भाषा में अक्षरों को बड़े़ अक्षर (Capital letters) और छोटे अक्षर (Small letters) दोनो में लिखा जाता है । ऊपर वाले अक्षर बड़े़ अक्षर (Capital letters) है । छोटे अक्षर (Small letters) इस प्रकार लिखे जाते हैं - व्यंजन अक्षर – a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z. स्वर अक्षर - a, e, i, o, u. 



Words - शब्द

A group of letters which has some meaning is known as ‘Word’ e.g. ‘Lion’ has four letters L, I, O and N and it has a meaning. A group of letters like ‘Rdep’ or 'Mtpnd' which has no meaning is not a word.
Examples of words - Play, boy, girl, drink, dance, country, flag.

अक्षरों का समुह, जिसका कोई सार्थक अर्थ हो, उसे शब्द कहते हैं । उदाहरण - खेलना, लड़का, लड़की, देश, गिलास, आदि ।

Sentence - वाक्य

A group of words which conveys a complete meaning is called a sentence. If a group of words does not convey any meaning, is not a sentence. A complete sentence must contain a verb (verb is a word which shows some action). A sentence always begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop(.) or question mark (?) or an exclamation mark (!).

शब्दों के समुह को, जिसका कोई सार्थक अर्थ निकले, उसे वाक्य कहते हैं । वाक्य में एक क्रिया (वर्ब) जरूर होनी चाहिए । इंग्लिश वाक्य का पहला अक्षर केपिटल होता है और आखिर में फुल स्टाप (.) या प्रश्नवाचक चिन्ह (?) या विस्मयबोधक चिन्ह(!) आता है ।
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Kinds of Sentence - Vakyo ke prakaar

There are four kinds of Sentences. Description of each type of sentences and their examples are given in the table.

Type of Sentence Explanation Examples
Assertive or Declarative Sentences A sentence that makes a statement or assertion is called an assertive or declarative sentence. He is an honest worker. She lives in Delhi. She is not my sister.
Interrogative Sentence A sentence that asks a question is called an interrogative sentence. Interrogative sentence ends with a question mark(?). What is your name? Which is your book? How is your brother? Who is not working?
Imperative Sentence A sentence that expresses a command or request is called an imperative sentence. Imperative sentences are addressed without naming the subject. Hence subject is left out from the sentence. Always obey your parents. Open the Door. Bring some food for me. Do not waste.
Exclamatory Sentence A sentence that expresses strong feelings or emotions is called an exclamatory sentence. Exclamatory sentence ends with exclamation mark (!). Hurrah! India won the match!, Wow!(impressed), Oh, what a shirt!(surprise)



There are Affirmative and Negative sentences also. These are not a type of sentences. Assertive Sentence, Interrogative Sentence and Imperative Sentence can be both Affirmative Sentence and Negative Sentence. Examples of Negative sentences are given above in each type of sentence.

वाक्य चार प्रकार के होते हैं । इनका संक्षिप्त विवरण और उदाहरण टेबल में दिए हैं ।

वाक्य के प्रकार व्याख्या उदाहरण
कथनवाचक वाक्य वह वाक्य जिसमें कोई कथन हो या जो वर्णन या व्याख्यान करे, कथनवाचक वाक्य कहलाता है । वह एक ईमानदार कर्मचारी है । वह दिल्ली में रहती है । वह मेरी बहन नही है ।
प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य वह वाक्य जो प्रश्न करे, प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य कहलाता है । तुम्हारा नाम क्या है? तुम्हारी पुस्तक कौन सी है? तुम्हारा भाई कैसा है? कौन नही सो रहा है?
आदेशात्मक वाक्य वह वाक्य जो आदेश, उपदेश या निवेदन करे, आदेशात्मक वाक्य कहलाता है । हमेशा अपने माता-पाता का कहना मानो । दरवाजा खोलो । मेरे लिए कुछ खाना लाओ । बर्बाद मत करो ।
विस्मयादिबोधक वाक्य वह वाक्य जो प्रबल अहसास या भावनाओं की अभिव्यक्ति करे, विस्मयादिबोधक वाक्य कहलाता है । हुर्रे ! भारत मैच जीत गया । वाउ ! (प्रभावित), ओह, क्या शर्ट है (आश्चर्य) ।

सकारात्मक और नकारात्मक वाक्य भी होते हैं । यह वाक्य के मुख्य प्रकार नही है क्योंकि सकारात्मक वाक्य और नकारात्मक वाक्य कथनवाचक वाक्य, प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य और आदेशात्मक वाक्य में भी हो सकते हैं । नकारात्मक वाक्यों का उदाहरण ऊपर हरेक वाक्यों में दिया गया है ।

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कृपया यहाँ क्लिक करें : इंग्लिश सीखने का सही तरीका जानने के लिए ।


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