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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-6th Day-P3

ELC-6th Day - Page-3

6th Day - We shall learn about Present Continuous Tense and Rule of 'ING'. Sentences of continuous actions come under Present Continuous Tense and is regularly used in English.

Rule of 'ING'

We add 'Ing' with Verb when it is used in Continuous Tense and Perfect Continuous Tense of Present, Past & Future Tenses and for making present Participle e.g. Cheating, playing, running. General Rule of adding 'Ing' with verb is as under:

हम 'Ing' को वर्ब के साथ जोड़ते हैं जभ इसका इस्तेमाल प्रेसेंट पार्टिसिपल बनाने में और प्रेसेंट, पास्ट व फ्युचर टेन्स के कंटिन्युअस टेन्स और पर्फेक्ट कंटिन्युअस टेन्स में होता है जैसे - cheating, playing, running. वर्ब के साथ 'Ing' जोड़ने का नियस इस प्रकार हैः

Rule One - When a vowel comes just before the last Alphabet of the Verb, for adding 'Ing', we just write last Alphabet twice/double and then write 'Ing' at the end of the Verb.

रूल वन - जब किसी वर्ब के अंत वाले अक्षर से एकदम पहले अगर एक वॅावल/स्वर-अक्षर का प्रयाग हो तो ऐसे वर्ब में 'Ing' लगाते समय अंत वाले अक्षर को डबल करके 'Ing' लगाते हैं ।

Examples
Dig = Digging
Run = Running
Cut = Cutting
Shut = Shutting
Map = Mapping



Rule Two - When a vowel comes just before the last Alphabet of the Verb and the last Alphabet is 'x', 'y' or 'w', then Rule number One does not apply and only 'Ing' is added with the Verb.

रूल टू - जब किसी वर्ब के आखिरी अक्षर से एकदम पहले एक वॅावल/स्वर-अक्षर हो किन्तु आखिरी अक्षर 'x', 'y' या 'w' हो तो ऊपर दिया हुआ रूल लागु नही होता है अपितु वर्ब के तुरंत बाद केवल 'Ing' जोड़ दिया जाता है ।

Examples
Play = Playing
Box = Boxing
Tax = Taxing
Draw = Drawing
Blow = Blowing

Rule Three - When two vowels come just before the last Alphabet of the Verb, for adding 'Ing', we just add 'Ing' at the end of the Verb.

रूल थ्री - जब किसी वर्ब के आखिरी अक्षर से एकदम पहले एक से ज्यादा वॅावल/स्वर-अक्षर का प्रयोग हो तो ऐसे वर्ब के अंत में केवल 'Ing' लगाते हैं ।

Examples
Lead = Leading
Load = Loading
Cheat = Cheating
Meet = Meeting
Pool = Pooling
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Rule Four - When the last Alphabet of the Verb is 'E', then 'Ing' is added after removing last Alphabet 'E'.

रूल फोर - जब किसी वर्ब का आखिरी अक्षर 'E' हो तो 'E' को काटकर 'Ing' लिखा जाता है ।

Examples
Write = Writing
Rise = Rising
Vote = Voting
Come = Coming
Leave = Leaving

Rule Five - The above four rules are applicable in about 95% cases. You should make a list of balance 5% verbs which are not covered in the above rules.

रूल फाइव - ऊपर वाले चारो रूल तगभग 95% शब्दों पर लागु होते हैं । जिन 5 वर्ब पर यह रूल लागु नही होते हैं उनकी अलग लिस्ट बनानी चाहिए ।

Examples
Dye = Dyeing
Lie = Lying
Open = Opening
See = Seeing
Be = Being

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