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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-18th Day

ELC-18th Day - अठारहवाँ दिन

18th Day - Today we shall learn about Articles - 'A/An' and 'The'. 'Articles' look small but it has great importance in English Grammar.

Articles - 'A/An' and 'The'

An article is a word that describes or tell more about the Noun. It is used before the noun to show whether it refers to something specific or general. So, in a way, articles can also be described as a type of adjectives as they also tell us something about the nouns, like adjectives. Articles are also known as Determiners

Article are of two types:
1 Indefinite Articles - A/An - Indicate to general things or persons. The things or persons which are not sure / not particular / not certain or not specific.

2 Definite Article - The - Indicate to particular things or persons. The things or persons which are certain / specific or particular.

आर्टिकल वह शब्द है जो नाउन के बारे में बताता है या व्याख्या करता है । यह नाउन से पहले यह बताने के लिये प्रयोग होता है की नाउन खास / विशेष है या नही । इसलिये, आर्टिकल भी एक प्रकार का एड्जिक्टिव है जो नाउन के बारे में बताता है । आर्टिकल्स को ड़िटर्मिनर्स् भी कहा जाता है

आर्टिकल्स दो प्रकार के होते है:
1 इंड़ेफ़िनेट आर्टिकल्स - A or An - निश्चित वस्तु, व्यक्ति या स्थान की तरफ संकेत नही करते  । 2 ड़ेफ़िनेट आर्टिकल - The -  किसी निश्चित वस्तु, व्यक्ति या स्थान की तरफ संकेत करता है । 



Article 'A/An'

A and an are the indefinite articles. In a sentence when Noun is Singular Countable Noun and it is not a definite, then Article A/An is used.

A और An अनिश्चित आर्टिकल्स है । वाक्यो में अनिश्चित सिंगुलर काउंटेबल नाउन से पूर्व आर्टिकल A/An का प्रयोग किया जाता है । 

मेरे पास एक पेन है । I have a pen
वह एक आर्टिस्ट है । She is an artist.
मैने कल एक छाता खरीदा । I bought an umbrella yesterday.
उसने मुझे एक प्याज दिया । She gave me an onion.
क्या आपके पास पुस्तक है? Do you have a book?

Difference between 'A' and 'An'

‘A’ is used before a word (singular) beginning with a consonant or a vowel with consonant sound. Consonant letters in the English alphabet are B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z.
For example: A boy, a girl, a pen, a book, a dog, a table, etc.

‘An’ is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound. Vowel letters in the English alphabet are A, E, I, O, U.
For example: An umbrella, an elephant, an apple, an orphan, an artist, etc.

Plelae Note that 'An' is used on the basis of vowel sound and not only on the basis of the starting vowel letter of the word.
For example: "An hour" , "An honest man"", "A young man"", "A house", "An heir", "A useful book", "An M.L.A", "An F.I.R.", "An X-ray", "An LL.B", "A husband", "An honour", "An year", "A one-rupee note", "An IAS" etc.
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In the above examples, 'An' is used on the basis of sound’. The words 'hour', 'heir, and 'honest' both begin with a vowel sound, as the consonant 'h' is silent. Similarly, the word 'house' and 'useful' begins with the consonant sound of 'h' & 'yoo' hence 'A' is used before them.

'A' और 'An' के बीच क्या अन्तर है 

'A' का प्रयोग उस सिंगुलर नाउन शब्द से पहले किया जाता है जिस शब्द का प्रथम अक्षर व्यंजन (कॉन्सनन्ट) है या प्रथम अक्षर की ध्वनि स्वर नही है  । इंग्लिश भाषा में व्यंजन अक्षर है - B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z । 
उदाहरण :  A boy, a girl, a pen, a book, a dog, a table, etc । 

'An' का प्रयोग उस सिंगुलर नाउन शब्द से पहले किया जाता है जिस शब्द की प्रथम ध्वनी  स्वर हो । इंग्लिश भाषा में स्वर अक्षर है - A, E, I, O, U । 
उदाहरण :  An umbrella, an elephant, an apple, an orphan, an artist, etc.

ध्यान दीजिये  'An' का प्रयोग प्रथम अक्षर की स्वर ध्वनि के आधार पर किया जाता है, ना की शब्द के प्रथम स्वर अक्षर होने पर ।
उदाहरण "An hour" , "An honest man", "A young man"", "A house", "An heir", "A useful book", "An M.L.A", "An F.I.R.", "An X-ray", "An LL.B", "A husband", "An honour", "An year", "A one-rupee note", "An IAS" आदि । 
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Specific use of 'A/An'

Specific use of A/An A/An का प्रयोग Examples
'A/An' is used before Singular Countable Noun. A Noun which can be counted सिंगुलर काउंटेबल नाउन से पहले 'A/An' का प्रयोग किया जाता है । काउंटेबल का अर्थ है जिसकी गिनती हो सके An Artist, a doctor, a boy, a dog, an umbrella
A/An' is used before singular noun. It is not used before plural noun A/An' सिंगुलर नाउन से पहले किया जाता है, प्लुरल (बहुवचन) नाउन से पहले नही । A book' is correct, 'a books' is incorrect as word 'books' is plural
A/An' is not used before proper noun, but when it is unknown for the speaker, 'A/An' is used प्रोपर नाउन से पहले 'A/An' का प्रयोग नही होता है लेकिन जब वक्ता के लिये वह अंजान है तो 'A/An' का प्रयोग होता है । This book is written by a Rajeev Ailawadi (Here Ailawadi is an unknown person for the speaker)
A/an' is used after what, such in exclamatory sentences एक्सक्लेमेटरी वाक्यों में What, Such के बाद सिंगुलर काउंटेबल नाउन से पहले A/An का प्रयोग किया जाता है । What a scene, What a lovely boy, Such a big hall.
A/An' is used before professions. प्रोफेशन से पहले 'A/An' का प्रयोग किया जाता है । She is a teacher, He is an engineer, He is a manager, Ram is an MP.

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Specific use of A/An A/An का प्रयोग Examples
A/An' is used when someone is introduced by features or personality of important/famous persons किसी विशिष्ट व्यक्ति की उपमा से किसी अन्य की पहचान दी जाये तो A/An का प्रयोग होता है । He is a Dara Singh of our colony, She is a Hitler, She is a Lata Mangeshkar of our college.
A/An' is used before a verb which is used as a noun in a sentence. वाक्य में जब वर्ब का प्रयोग नाउन की तरह किया जाये, तो उससे पहला A/An का प्रयोग होता है । We go for a walk daily, We had a long discussion, She wants to have a bath.
A/An is used after words -many/rather/quite/such, if it come before singular noun. Many/rather/quite/such के बाद यदि सिंगुलर नाउन आये, तो उससे पहले A/An का प्रयोग होता है Many a times, quite an easy question, such an intelligent boy, rather a lovely place
If Adjective comes before singular noun, then A/An is used before Adjective यदि सिंगुलर नाउन से पहले कोई एड्जिक्टिव आता है, तो A/An को एड्जिक्टिव से पहले लगाते है । She is a beautiful girl, He is not a good person, He is an intelligent boy, She is an honest minister.
Before a singular noun which refers to a class of things. किसी जाति / विशेष को व्यक्त करने के लिये, A/An का प्रयोग सिंगुलर नाउन से पहले किया जाता है । An orange is rich in vitamins. A dog is an animal. A parrot is a bird, I am a journalist, She is an Indian
A/An is used for certain expressions of quantity and numbers कुछ मात्रा और नंबर से पहले, A/An का प्रयोग होता है । A lot of things, a few samples, a couple of days, a hundred rupee note, a million dollar question.

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