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ELC-5th Day - पांचवां दिन

5th Day - We shall learn about Negative and Interrogative sentences of Present Indefinite Tense.
Present Indefinite Tense is very important. You would have noted that headlines of newspapers and radio commentaries are in Present Indefinite Tense.

Present Indefinite Tense - Negative

Present Indefinite Tense
Type of Sentence Rule
Negative Subject + Do/Does + not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.)

वाक्य के अंत में 'ता है', 'ती है', 'ते है' का प्रयोग होता है और वाक्य के बीच में 'नही' का प्रयोग आवश्यक है ।

In present indefinite negative sentence, 'do not / does not' is used before first form of verb. Does comes only when subject is third person singular otherwise in all cases ‘do ’ is used.

When 'Does' is used in Present Indefinite Tense, then 's/es' is not added with the Verb because 'Does' is made after adding 'es' with 'do' (Do + es = Does).

प्रेसेंट इन्डेफिनेट नेगेटिव टेन्स में 'Do/Does' और वर्ब की फर्स्ट फ़ॉर्म का प्रयोग होता है । Does तभी लगाते हैं जब वाक्य का सब्जेक्ट थर्ड पर्सन सिंगुलर हो । 'Does' का प्रयोग करने के बाद, वर्ब के साथ 's/es' नही लगाते हैं क्योंकि 'Does' शब्द 'Do' में 'es' जोड़ने (Do + es = Does) से बना है ।



Present Indefinite - Negative हम बॉल से नही खेलते हैं ।
Person Subject Do / Does
Ist person I do not play with ball.
Ist Person -Plural We do not play with ball.
2nd Person You do not play with ball.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema does not play with ball.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys do not play with ball.

Examples

Sentence वाक्य
Arif does not speak the truth. आरिफ सच नही बोलता है ।
Children do not make a noise. बच्चे शोर नही करते हैं ।
I do not like your behaviour. मुझे आपका व्यवहार पसंद नही आता है ।
I do not shirk work. मैं काम से जी नही चुराता हूँ ।
Lion does not eat grass. शेर घास नही खाता है ।
Rajni does not go to office on Saturday. रजनी शनिवार को ऑफिस नही जाती है ।
You do not need my help. तुम्हें मेरी मदद की जरूरत नही होती है ।

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Present Indefinite Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative

Present Indefinite Tense
Type of Sentence Rule
Interrogative Do/Does + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative & Negative Do/Does + Subject +not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?)

वाक्य के अंत में 'ता है', 'ती है', 'ते है' का प्रयोग होता है और वाक्य के आरंभ (शुरू) में 'क्या' का प्रयोग आवश्यक है - क्या आप अँग्रेज़ी सीखना चाहते हैं?

Present Indefinite Interrogative sentence starts with 'Do / Does'. In Present Indefinite Interrogative and Negative sentence, 'not' is added just before 'verb'. Question Mark (?) is affixed at the end of sentence in place of Full Stop (.).

इसका प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य अंग्रजी में 'Do/Does' से शुरु होता है । इसके इंटेरोगेटिव और नकारात्मक वाक्यों में 'Not' को वर्ब से पहले लगाया जाता है । वाक्य के अंत में फुल स्टाप (.) से स्थान पर प्रश्नवाचक चिन्ह (?) लगाया जाता है ।
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Present Indefinite - Interrogative क्या तुम रूबी से प्यार करते हो?
Person Do/Does Subject Not + Verb (Ist form) Object
Ist person Do I love Ruby?
Ist Person -Plural Do we love Ruby?
2nd Person Do you love Ruby?
3rd Person -Singular Does he/she/it/Ram love Ruby?
3rd Person -Plural Do they/boys love Ruby?

Present Indefinite - Interrogative & Negative क्या राम मेहनत नही करता है?
Person Do/Does Subject Not + Verb (Ist form) Object
Ist person Do I not work Hard?
Ist Person -Plural Do we not work Hard?
2nd Person Do you not work Hard?
3rd Person -Singular Does he/she/it/Ram not work Hard?
3rd Person -Plural Do they/boys not work Hard?


Examples

Sentence वाक्य
Do birds not chirp daily? क्या पक्षी रोज नही चहचहाते हैं?
Do I not obey you? क्या मैं तुम्हारा कहना नही मानता हूँ?
Do they agree with me? क्या वे मुझसे सहमत है?
Do you love me? क्या आप मुझे प्यार करते हैं?
Does he also love you? क्या वह भी आपसे प्यार करता है?
Does he want to kill his wife? क्या वह अपनी पत्नी को मारना चाहता है?
Does it rain daily in the rainy season? क्या वर्षा ऋतु में रोज बरसात होती है?
Does she not run away from me? क्या वह मुझसे दूर नही भागती है?
Does Shubhi drive car on road? क्या शुभि रोड़ पर कार चलाती है?

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