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ELC-15th Day - पंद्रहवाँ दिन

15th Day - Today we shall learn about Future Perfect Tense. Sentences expressing action which will happen/occur in future and will be completed in future, come under Future Perfect Tense.

Future Perfect Tense - Positive

It is used to express an action which will happen/occur in future and will be completed by a certain time of future or by the end/completion of some action in future.
e.g. She will have gone by 9 pm. They will have shifted the house by Sunday morning. She will have completed her post graduation by next year

In the examples, action of going, shifting & are happening in future and it would be completed by a certain time of future itself. Future Perfect tense talks about an action of future which will happen or occur or be completed in future.

फ्यूचर पर्फेक्ट टेन्स वाक्य के अन्त में 'चुका होगा', ‘चुकी होगी', ‘चुके होंगे’ ‘दिया होगा’ आदि का प्रयोग होता है. इसका प्रयोग ऐसे कार्यों को व्यक्त करने हेतु किया जाता है जो भविष्य में किसी निश्चित समय या किसी अन्य क्रिया के सम्पन्न होने तक पूर्ण हो जायेंगे. यह बताता है की एक्शन भविष्य में घटित होगा और भविष्य में ही पूरा हो जायेगा.
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Future Perfect Tense - Positive

Future Perfect Tense - Positive
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Will/Shall + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In Future Perfect Tense helping verb 'Will/Shall' and 3rd Form of Verb are used to form the sentence.

फ्यूचर पर्फेक्ट टेन्स में हेल्पिंग वर्ब 'Will/Shall' के साथ वर्ब की 3rd फ़ॉर्म का प्रयोग होता है । 

Future Perfect Tense - Positive मैं तब तक नॉवल समाप्त कर चुका हूँगा।
Person Subject Will/Shall Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person I shall have finished the novel by then.
Ist Person -Plural We shall have finished the novel by then.
2nd Person You will have finished the novel by then.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram will have finished the novel by then.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys will have finished the novel by then.

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Sentence वाक्य
She will have gone to Agra to see Tajmahal. वह ताज महल देखने आगरा जा चुकी होगी ।
The order of her transfer will have come by June. उसके ट्रांसफर ऑर्डर (स्थानांतरण आदेश) जून तक आ चुके होंगे ।
Prashant will have slept by now. प्रशांत अब तक सो चुका होगा ।
Avyan will have taken his bath by now. अव्यन अब तक नहा चुका होगा ।
Sweety will have reached home by now. अब तक स्वीटी घर पहुंच चुकी होगी ।

Future Perfect Tense - Negative

Future Perfect Tense - Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Negative Subject + Will/Shall + Not + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In negative sentence of Future Perfect Tense, 'Not' is added between 'Will/Shall' & 'Have'. 3rd Form of Verb comes after 'Will/Shall Not Have'.

फ्यूचर पर्फेक्ट टेन्स के नकारात्मक वाक्य में 'Not' को 'Will/Shall' और 'Have' के बीच में लगाते है । 'Will/Shall not have' के बाद 'वर्ब (3rd फ़ॉर्म)' लगाते हैं ।

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Future Perfect Tense - Negative तुम अगले एक घंटे में समुंद्र तट से ऊपर नही उड़ चुके होंगे।
Person Subject Will/Shall Not + Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person I Shall not have flied above sea level in next one hour.
Ist Person -Plural We shall not have flied above sea level in next one hour.
2nd Person You will not have flied above sea level in next one hour.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram will not have flied above sea level in next one hour.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys will not have flied above sea level in next one hour.



Sentence वाक्य
Raju will not have gone to College. राजू कॉलेज नही गया होगा ।
The order of her transfer will not have come by June. उसके ट्रांसफर ऑर्डर (स्थानांतरण आदेश) जून तक नही आ चुके होंगे ।
90% people will not have taken their meal by now 90% लोगो ने अब तक अपना खाना नही खाया होगा ।
Avyan will not have read this book by now. अव्यन अब तक यह पुस्तक नही पढ़ चुका होगा ।
Sleena will not have boarded the train by this time. स्लीना इस समय तक ट्रेन में नही चढ़ चुकी होगी ।

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