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ELC-2nd Day - दूसरा दिन

2nd Day - We shall learn about overview of Noun, Pronoun and Verb. These are the main parts of a sentence. Basic knowledge of it will help in understanding English grammar easily.

Overview of Noun - संज्ञा का संक्षिप्त विवरण

A noun is a word used as the name of a person, place or thing. The word ‘thing’ means anything which we can think of – countable, uncountable, visible, invisible, touchable, untouchable, events, feelings, etc.

संज्ञा वह शब्द है जो व्यक्ति, वस्तु, स्थान, आदि के नाम के लिए प्रयोग होता है । 'वस्तु' शब्द में - गिने जाने वाले, ना-गिने जाने वाले, दिखने वाले, ना-दिखने वाले, घटनांए, भावनांए, आदि सभी शामिल है ।



Examples:

NOUN WORDS DESCRIPTION
Computer, table, book, speaker, fan, car, gold, glass, chair, bed NAME OF THINGS
Delhi, London, New York, school, college, garden, Akshardham NAME OF PLACES
Vartika, Kanika, Tom, Ashoka, doctor, girl, Princess, Queen NAME OF PERSONS
Dog, cat, lion, rabbit, horse, donkey, monkey, parrot, bird NAME OF ANIMALS, BIRDS
SENTENCE NOUN
Ashok has four computers ASHOK, COMPUTERS
Shilpa has two mobiles. SHILPA, MOBILES
Rambo is a doctor. RAMBO, DOCTOR
She has one dog and two Cats. DOG, CAT
Earthquake has come in Iran. EARTHQUAKE, IRAN

ऊपर उदाहरण में आप नोट करेंगे की संज्ञा शब्द व्यक्ति का नाम, व्यक्ति का पेशा, घटना / दुर्घटना का नाम जैसे अर्थक्वैक (भूकंप), स्थान, देश (इरान), आदि होता है ।
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Overview of Pronoun - सर्वनाम का संक्षिप्त विवरण

A pronoun is a word that is used in place of nouns. Pronoun means ‘for a noun’.

सर्वनाम - संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयोग होने वाला शब्द सर्वनाम है । सर्वनाम का मतलब 'संज्ञा के लिए' ।

सर्वनाम शब्द - मैं, तुम, वह, यह, हम, वे, मेरा, तुम्हारा, उसका, उसकी, हमारा, उनका, उसने-अपनेआप, हमने-अपनेआप, उन्होंने-अपनेआप, इसने-अपनेआप, यह, वह, ये (एक से ज्यादा), वो (एक से ज्यादा), कौन, किसका, किसकी, वह, किसको, किसे, कई, कोई, कोई-एक, कोई-नही, प्रत्येक, हर-एक ।

Pronoun Words are – I, you, he, she, it, we, they, mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs, himself, ourselves, themselves, itself, this, that, these, those, who, whose, which, that, whose, whom, many, somebody, someone, nobody, everybody, each, everyone, either and neither.

Example: Avyan is also a member of the Jury. So, he is also responsible for the Judgement.

In the first sentence the word ‘Avyan’ is the name of a person. So Avyan is a noun. When we write about the same person in the following sentence, word ‘He’ is used in place of Avyan. A word used in place of Noun is Pronoun. So ‘He’ is a pronoun.


ऊपर उदाहरण में पहले वाक्य में अव्यन व्यक्ति का नाम है । इसलिए अव्यन संज्ञा है । उदाहरण में जब दूसरे वाक्य में अव्यन के बारे में कहा गया है, तब अव्यन के लिए 'वह' शब्द का प्रयोग हुआ है । संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयोग होने वाला शब्द सर्वनाम है इसलिए 'वह' सर्वनाम है ।
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More examples of Noun and Pronoun


वाक्य Sentence Noun Word(s) Pronoun
जयपुर एक पर्यटक शहर है । यह गुलाबी शहर से भी जाना जाता है । Jaipur is a tourist city. It is known as pink city also. Jaipur, city It
शालु ने अपने आप पोछा लगाया है । Shalu has mopped the floor herself. Shalu, floor Herself
वह एक किताब लिख रही है । She is writing a book. Book She
अनु ने अपना खाना उनको दे दिया । Anu gave her food to them. Food Her, them
वह स्कूल जाता है । He goes to school. School He
उसकी मां बहुत दयालु है । His mother is very kind. Mother, kind His
मैं अँग्रेज़ी सीखना चाहता हूँ । I want to learn English. English I
उसके पास एक बिल्ली है । यह एकदम काली है । She has a cat. It Is dark black. Cat, black She, it
वह एक कलाकार है । She is an artist. Artist She
डाक्टर ने मुझसे मेरी सेहत के बारे में पूछा । Doctor asked me about my health. Doctor, health Me, my
मेरे दोस्त के पास पांच घड़ियां है । My friend has five watches. Friend, watches My
यह एक बहुत बढ़िया सुझाव है । This is a brilliant idea. Idea This
तुम्हारे पास तीन सफेद कमीजें है । You have three white shirts. Shirts You
श्रीमती अनु मेरी पसंदीदा टीचर है । Ms Anu is my favourite teacher. Ms Anu, teacher My
मैं तुम्हारी उन्नति से बहुत खुश हूँ । I am very happy with your progress. Progress I, your
क्या वह तुम्हारी पक्की दोस्त है । Is she your fast friend? Friend She, you

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