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ELC-27th Day - SattaaisavaaN Din

27th Day - Today also we will learn about Active Passive. Active Passive is a very important Topic. It is to be understood thoroughly.
Active Voice - Subject is main/supreme e.g. Lion eats goat. Passive Voice - Object becomes main/supreme e.g. Goat is eaten by lion. Knowledge of Active-Passive Voice is must for Good English.

Active Passive

Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Is/Are/Am + Being' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense.

Helping Verb in Passive Voice is used as per the Subject of the Passive Voice (Object of Active voice which becomes Subject of Passive Voice). If the Subject of Passive Voice is plural, Helping Verb of plurals will be used irrespective of the fact that in Active Voice, the subject was Singular.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not + Being' is added after helping verbs and in case of Interrogative sentence helping verb comes in the starting of the sentence and place of 'Being' remains before Verb (3rd form)

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.
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Active and Passive Voice के नियम (नीचे दिये गये है) दिखाते है की Present Continuous Tense को Passive Voice में बदलने के लिये 'Is/Are/Am + Being' और Verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग होता है ।

Passive Voice में हेल्पिंग Verb Passive Voice के Subject (Active Voice का Object जो Passive Voice में Subject बनता है) के अनुसार इस्तेमाल होती है । अगर Passive Voice का Subject plural है तो helping Verb भी plural subject के अनुसार होगी चाहे Active Voice में Subject singular हो । 

Negative sentence में 'Not + Being' को helping verb के बाद लगाते है और Interrogative sentence में helping verb वाक्य के आरंभ में लगाते हैं । 

सभी प्रकार के Passive Voice वाक्यों - Positive, Negative & Interrogative में verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग होता है

Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Present Continuous Tense (Active Voice) Rule of converting Present Continuous Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Is/Am/Are + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Is/Am/Are + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am + Not + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Is/Am/Are + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (?) Is/Are/Am + Convert Object to Subject + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
वह englishkitab.com की सहायता से इंग्लिश सीख रहा है । He is learning English with the help of englishkitab.com. English is being learnt by him with the help of englishkitab.com. इंग्लिश उसके द्वारा englishkitab.com की सहायता से सीखी जा रही है ।
वह अपने बेटे को सीख दे रही है । She is counseling her son. Her son is being counseled by her. उसके बेटे को उसके द्वारा सीख दी जा रही है ।
लोग उसे अपना नेता चुन रहे है । The People are choosing him their leader. He is being chosen their leader by the people. वह लोगो द्वारा उनका नेता चुना जा रहा है ।
वह सारी पुस्तकें उसके स्कूल से खरीद रही है । She is buying all the books from his school. All the books are being bought by her from his school. सारी पुस्तके उसके द्वारा उसके स्कूल से खरीदी जा रही है ।
डॉली अव्यन को पूना घूमने के लिये आमंत्रित कर रही है । Dolly is inviting Avyan to visit Pune. Avyan is being invited by Dolly to visit Pune. अव्यन डॉली द्वारा पूना घूमने के लिये आमंत्रित किया जा रहा है ।
कनिका अपने पिता जी को परेशान नही कर रही है । Kanika is not disturbing her father. Her father is not being disturbed by Kanika. कनिका के पिता जी उसके द्वारा परेशान नही किये जा रहे हैं ।
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Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
बढ़ई टेबल की मरम्मत कर रहा है । Carpenter is repairing the table. The table is being repaired by the carpenter. टेबल की मरम्मत बढ़ई द्वारा की जा रही है ।
क्या इस समय वह तुम्हारा काम कर रहा है ? Is he doing your job right now? Is your job being done by him right now? क्या तुम्हारा काम उसके द्वारा इस समय किया जा रहा है ।
वह अपनी आत्मकथा लिख रहा है । He is writing his autobiography. His autobiography is being written by him. अपनी आत्मकथा उसके द्वारा लिखी जा रही है ।
क्या अव्यन अपने अध्‍यापको को बहुत इज्जत दे रहा है ? Is Avyan showing great respect to his teachers? Are his teachers being shown great respect by Avyan? क्या अपने अध्‍यापकों को अव्यन द्वारा बहुत इज्जत दी जा रही है ?
अव्यन कनिका को चाय का कप पेश कर रहा है । Avyan is offering Kanika a cup of tea. Kanika is being offered a cup of tea by Avyan. कनिका को अव्यन द्वारा चाय का कप पेश किया जा रहा है ।
अव्यन कनिका को चाय का कप पेश कर रहा है । Avyan is offering Kanika a cup of tea. A cup of tea is being offered by Avyan to Kanika. चाय का कप अव्यन द्वारा कनिका को पेश किया जा रहा है ।

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