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ELC-42nd Day - BayaaleesavaaN Din

42nd Day - Today we shall learn about Gerund.
Gerund is also a form of Non-Finite Verb and a Verbal. It is used in most of the sentences hence its knowledge is necessary.

The Gerund

The Gerund is one the three types of Non-Finite Verbs. Gerund is also a Verbal. (Words that are formed from verbs but don't act as verbs are called Verbal).

A Gerund is a kind of noun that does not act as a verb. A Gerund is a verbal noun we make by adding 'Ing' at the end of a verb. Any verb can be made into a Gerund (e.g. Verb-look - Gerund-looking'). A Gerund has the force of a Noun and a Verb.

Gerunds are noun and can function in the sentence as subject, object, subject complement and objects of preposition. In other words, a Gerund can perform any action in the sentence that a noun ordinarily can function.

Non-Finite वर्ब के तीन प्रकारो में से एक Gerund है । Gerund भी एक वर्बल है ।(शब्द जो वर्ब से बना हो परंतु वर्ब की तरह कार्य नही करे वह वर्बल कहलाता है) ।

Gerund एक प्रकार की संज्ञा है जो वर्ब की तरह कार्य नही करती है । यह एक वर्बल संज्ञा है जो हम वर्ब के अंत में 'Ing' जोड़कर बनाते हैं । किसी भी वर्ब को Gerund बनाया जा सकता है (जैसे - Verb-देखो - Gerund-देखना') । Gerund में Noun और Verb का गुण है ।

Gerund संज्ञा है और वाक्य में "कर्ता, ऑब्जेक्ट, कर्ता का पूरक और preposition का ऑब्जेक्ट" के तौर पर कार्य कर सकता है । दूसरे शब्दों में, Gerund वाक्य में साधारणतया वह सारे कार्य कर सकता है जो एक संज्ञा कर सकती है ।
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Use of Gerund

Gerund as Subject

Reading is Avyan's passion. (Reading is normally a verb, but here it is the name of an activity and is used as a subject).

पढ़ना अव्यन का जुनून है । (पढ़ना साधारणतया एक वर्ब है परंतु यहाँ यह एक क्रिया का नाम है और कर्ता के रूप में प्रयुक्त हुआ है) ।

Examples

वाक्य Sentence Gerund Gerund used as
पढ़ना अव्यन का जुनून है । Reading is Avyan's passion. reading subject
दौड़ना एक अच्छा व्यायाम है । Running is a good exercise. running subject
मछली पकड़ना एक अच्छा शौक है । Fishing is a good hobby. fishing subject
धूम्रपान कैन्सर पैदा करता है । Smoking causes cancer. smoking subject
सफर शायद तुम्हें आगे बढ़ने में मदद करे । Travelling might help you to grow. traveling subject
बाघ का शिकार प्रतिबंधित है । Hunting tigers is prohibited. hunting subject
नृत्य एक अच्छा व्यायाम है । Dancing is a good exercise. dancing subject
पढ़ाई तुम्हारा ज्ञान बढ़ाती है । Reading improves your knowledge. reading subject

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Gerund as Object

Avyan enjoys reading at home. A Gerund has also the force of a Verb and can take a direct object. Object of the subject 'Avyan' is 'reading'.

अव्यन घर पर पढ़ने का आनंद लेता है । Gerund के पास Verb की भी ताकत है और यह प्रत्यक्ष Object ले सकता है । सब्जेक्ट 'अव्यन' का ऑब्जेक्ट है 'पढ़ना' ।.

Examples

वाक्य Sentence Gerund Gerund used as
नेहा सोना पसंद करती है । Neha loves sleeping. sleeping object of verb-love
मेरा दोस्त चलना पसंद नही करता है । My friend dislikes walking. walking object of verb-dislike
किताब पढ़ना शुरू करो । Begin reading the book. reading object of verb-begin
मैं मछली पकड़ना पसंद करता हूँ । I like fishing. fishing object of verb-like
रोना बंद करो । Stop crying. crying object of verb-stop
युवा पीढी ऑनलाइन खरीदना ज्यादा पसंद करती है । Young generation prefer buying online. buying object of verb-prefer
वह समारोह में गाना पसंद करती है । She loves singing in party. singing object of verb-love

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Gerund as Object of Preposition

Vartika insisted on reading the book again. The object of a preposition is usually noun or pronoun and comes immediately to the right of the preposition. If we want to use a verb after a preposition, it must be a gerund. We cannot use an infinitive after a preposition. In the example, 'reading' is the object of preposition 'on'.

वर्तिका ने किताब को दुबारा पढ़ने की जिद्द की । Preposition का ऑब्जेक्ट आमतौर पर संज्ञा या सर्वनाम होता है और preposition के ठीक बाद दाँयी तरफ आता है । उदाहरण में, 'पढ़ना' preposition 'on' का ऑब्जेक्ट है ।

Examples

वाक्य Sentence Gerund Gerund used as
वर्तिका ने किताब को दुबारा पढ़ने की जिद्द की । Vartika insisted on reading the book again. reading object of preposition-on
उसे मिठाई खाना बहुत पसंद है । She is fond of eating sweets. eating object of preposition-of
मैं अपने नये ऑफिस में काम करने के बारे में उत्तेजित हूँ । I am excited about working at my new office. working object of preposition-about
उसे झूठ बोलने के लिये दंड दिया गया । He was punished for telling a lie. telling object of preposition-for
मुझे मैनेजर से मिलने से रोका गया । I was prevented from seeing the manager. seeing object of preposition-from
हमें पता ढूंढने में कुछ तकलीफ नही हुई थी । We had no difficulty in finding the address. finding object of preposition-in
अब निकलने के बारे में तुम्हारा क्या ख्याल है । What about leaving now? leaving object of preposition-about

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Gerund as Subject complement

Avyan's first love is reading. The subject complement describes the subject. In the example, 'Avyan's first love' is subject and 'reading' is its complement.

अव्यन का पहला प्यार पढ़ना है । कर्ता का पूरक कर्ता का वर्णन करता है । उदाहरण में 'अव्यन का पहला प्यार' कर्ता है और 'पढ़ना' इसका पूरक है ।

Examples

अव्यन का पहला प्यार है पढ़ना । Avyan's first love is reading. reading subject complement
तुम्हारा मजबूत पहलू है उसकी गलतियाँ माफ करना । Your strongest point is forgiving her mistakes. forgiving subject complement
मुस्कुराना मेरी कमजोरी है । My weakness is smiling. smiling subject complement
जिससे मैं नफरत करता हूँ वह है पीछा करना । What I hate is chasing others. chasing subject complement
उसका मुख्य दोष चुप रहना था । Her main fault was keeping mum. keeping subject complement
मेरा मनपसंद शौक बागबानी है । My favourite hobby is gardening. gardening subject complement
किताबें पढ़ना उसकी रुचिओ में से एक है । One of his interests is reading books. reading subject complement

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