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ELC-23rd Day - तेइसवाँ दिन

23rd Day - Today we shall learn about Imperative Sentences and use of words - 'Let' and 'Make'.
An imperative sentence is a command or polite request. 'Let' gives permission to do something and the other person has an option to do it or not whereas 'Make' forces to do something and the other person has to do it whether he wants to do it or not.

Imperative Sentence And Use of Let & Make

Imperative Sentence

A sentence that issues a request or gives a command or expresses a desire or wish is called an imperative sentence.

वह वाक्य जो प्रार्थना करता है, आदेश देता है, उपदेश देता है या कोई इच्छा व्यक्त करता है, आदेशात्मक वाक्य कहलाता है । 

It differs from sentences that make a statement (declarative sentences), express strong feeling (exclamatory sentences), or ask a question (interrogative sentence). Normally, imperative sentences are short and simple, but they can be long, compound or complex sentences as well.

यह निश्चयात्मक वाक्य विस्मयबोधक वाक्य और प्रश्नात्मक वाक्य से अलग होता है । साधारणतया, आदेशात्मक वाक्य सरल और छोटे होते है परन्तु यह बड़े़ और जटिल भी हो सकते है । 
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Imperative sentences are addressed without naming the subject. Hence subject is left out from the sentence. Depending upon the strength of emotion of Imperative Sentence, exclamation sign (!) or Full stop (.) is applied at the end of it.

आदेशात्मक वाक्य सब्जेक्ट का नाम लिये बगैर संबोधित करते हैं इसलिये सब्जेक्ट इनमें नही होता है । आदेश या प्रार्थना की तीव्रता के अधार पर exclamation sign (!) ऑर फुल स्टॉप ( .) लगाया जाता है । 

Rule of Imperative Sentence

Imperative Sentence
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Verb (Ist Form) + Object (If Sentence requires it).
Negative Do Not + Verb (Ist Form) + Object (If Sentence requires it).
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In Imperative Sentence, subject remains silent and first form of Verb and Object is used. When sentence does not require an Object, only Verb can form the imperative Sentence e.g. Stop!, Don't talk!

In Negative Imperative Sentence 'Do Not' is used in the beginning of the sentence.

आदेशात्मक वाक्य में सब्जेक्ट सायलेंट होता है तथा Verb की first form और ऑब्जेक्ट का इस्तेमाल होता है । यदि वाक्य में Object की जरूरत ना हो तो केवल Verb से ही आदेशात्मक वाक्य बन जाता है  जैसे - रूको!, बातें मत करो!

इसके Negative वाक्य में  'Do Not'  को वाक्य के आरंभ में लगाते हैं ।

When you are to make a request, 'Please' is used in the beginning or at the end of the sentence. When respect is to be given to the addressee, please use 'Kindly' in the beginning of the sentence.

जब किसी को request करनी हो तो वाक्य के आरंभ या अन्त में 'Please' का प्रयोग करें । जब किसी तो इज्जत या नम्रता से बात कहनी हो तो वाक्य के आरंभ में 'Kindly' का प्रयोग करें ।
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Examples
इंग्लिश सीखो । Learn English.
सुबह पाँच बजे उठो । Get up at 5 O'clock.
बेंच पर खड़े हो जाओ । Stand up on the bench.
कृपया मेरी बहन को भी पढांए । Kindly teach my sister also.
जल्दी चलो ! Hurry up !
दरवाजा बंद करो ! Shut the door!
वहां 6 बजे रहो । Be there at 6 O'clock.
मुझे उसके घर ले चलो । Take me to his home.
बस यह करो । Just do it.
हॉर्न मत बजाओ । Do not honk.
उस पर मत हंसो । Do not laugh at him.
शराब मत पियो । Do not Drink.
देर से मत आओ । Do not come late
अपना हिस्सा लो और मौज करो । Have your share and enjoy.
तुम्हारी क्लास मत छोड़ो । Do not miss your class.
चिन्ता मत करो । खुश रहो । Do not worry. Be happy.
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ऐ.सी. बंद करो Switch off the AC.
अपना काम करो । Do your work.
चुप रहो । Keep quite.
दरवाजे को पेंट करो । Paint the door.
धीरे चलाओ । Drive slow.
रोज व्यायाम करो । Do exercise daily.
फर्श पर मत बैठो । Don't sit on the floor.
फर्श पर पोंछा लगाओ । Mop the floor.
घर पर रहो । Be at home.
हमेशा पार्क में खेलो । Always play in park.
जेब में रूमाल रखो । Keep hanky in pocket.
जल्दी दौड़ो । Run fast.
जल्दी काम करो । Work fast.
जल्दी सो जाओ । Go to bed early.
कहीं मत जाओ । Don't go anywhere.
मेरा काम पहले करो । Do my job first.
मेरे पीछे आओ । Follow me.
नमक मेरी तरफ खिसकाओ । Please pass the salt to me.
पांच बजे से पहले ऑफिस मत छोड़ो । Don't leave office before five o'clock.
पंखा चालू करो । Switch on the fan.
रोना नही । Don't weep.
सही पता लिखो । Write correct address.
शांति रखिये । Silence please.
शर्ट को प्रेस करो । Iron the shirt.
शोर मत मचाओ । Don't make noise.
तालियां बजाओ । Please clap.
उसे मत चिढ़ाओ । Don't tease him.
उसे मेरे पास लाओ । Bring her to me.
उसे मत मारो । Don't beat him.
शरारती बच्चे को थप्पड़ मारो । Slap the naughty boy.
उसकी शिकायत को ठुकरा दो । Turn down his complaint.

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