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ELC-25th Day - पच्चीसवाँ दिन

25th Day - Today we will learn about other types of Conditional Sentences. We will focus on Imaginary Sentences and few Words used in conditional sentences.
In Conditional Sentences, one part states about certain conditions, and another main part describes about completion or non completion of the condition.

Other Types of Conditional Sentences

In other types of Conditional Sentences, we will learn about Imaginary Sentences and few Words which are used in conditional sentences.

अन्य प्रकार के सशर्त वाक्यों में, हम कल्पनशील वाक्यों और कुछ शब्दों के बारे में जानेंगे जो सशर्त वाक्यों में प्रयुक्त होते है ।

Imaginary Sentences

When two imaginations come in a sentence which are either almost impossible or almost possible, the following three rules apply to make the sentence.:

जब एक वाक्य में ऐसी दो कल्पनांए आ जाये जो लगभग असंभव हो तो उन्हें निम्न तीन प्रकार से बनाया जा सकता है ।

Imaginary Sentence Rules

Rule No. Rule
One If + Subject + Were + Object + (,) + Subject + Would + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Remaining + (.)
Two Had + Subject + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (,) + Subject + Would + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Remaining + (.)
Three If + Subject + Had + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (,) + Subject + Would + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Remaining + (.)
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Examples

अगर मैं पंछी होता तो, आसमान में उड़ता । If I were a bird, I would have flown in the sky.
अगर मैं जंगल में होता तो मैने भी भेड़िये देखे होते । Had I been in the forest, I would have seen wolves.
अगर मैं डॉक्टर होता तो मैं हृदयरोग विशेषज्ञ बनता । If I had been a doctor, I would have become a cardiologist.

Sentence of impossible imagination is made as per Rule number One. When imaginations are almost possible, then sentence is made as per Rule number Two or Three. When there is a confusion that the imagination is impossible or almost possible, then also sentence is made as per Rule number Two or Three.

असम्भव कल्पना वाले वाक्य को रुल नंबर 1 से बनाते है । जब कल्पनांए लगभग सम्भव हो तो उन्हें रुल नंबर 2 और 3 से बनाते है । जब कल्पनाओं के बारे में उलझन हो की यह सम्भव है अथवा असंभव, तब भी रुल नंबर 2 और 3 से ट्रांसलेट करते है । 
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यदि मैं प्रधान मंत्री होता तो देश की सारी समस्यांओ को सुलझा देता । If I were the Prime Minister, I would have solved the problems of the country.
यदि तुमने कड़ी मेहनत की होती तो तुम अच्छे नंबरो से पास हो जाते । Had you worked hard, you would have passed with good marks.
यदि मैं तुम्हारे स्थान पर होता तो उसे मार मार कर बाहर निकाल देता । If I were you, I would have kicked him out.
यदि वह अपनी पढ़ाई से विमुख ना रहता तो आज क्यों फेल होता ? If he had not been indifferent to studies, why he would have failed?
यदि मैं अमेरिका का प्रेसिडेंट होता तो आतंकवाद का समूल नाश कर देता । If I were the President of America, I would have eliminated terrorism completely.
यदि मैं उसकी जगह होता तो चोर के होश ठिकाने लगा देता । Had I been in his place, I would have brought the thief to senses.
यदि मैं तुम्हारी माँ होती तो तुम्हारे जन्मदिन पर मैं तुम्हें कार खरीद कर देती । If I were you mother, I would have bought you a car on your birthday.
यदि मैं हवाई जहाज उड़ाना जानता तो मैं पायलट नंबर वन बनता । Had I known how to fly an aero plane, I would have been pilot number One.
अगर मैं चिड़िया होती तो मेरी मम्मी के पास तुरन्त पहुंच जाती । If I were a sparrow, I would have reached my mother immediately.
यदि मैं कार होता तो तुम्हे रोज अपनी सीट पर बिठाता. If I were a car, I would have made you sit on my seat everyday.

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Uses of Other Words to make Conditional Sentence

Use of Would with 'If Clause'

When 'Would' is used in 'If Clause', then simple future is used in 'Main Clause'.

जब 'If Clause' में 'Would' का प्रयोग होता है तो 'Main Clause' में simple future का प्रयोग होता है ।

अगर वह आना चाहता है, मैं उसके लिये मूवी टिकिट की व्यवस्था करूंगा । If he would like to come, I will arrange movie tickets for him.
अगर तुम कल बच्चे का ध्यान रखो, मैं उसकी माँ को अच्छी तरह सम्भाल लूंगा If you would do babysitting tomorrow, I will handle her mother properly.
अगर वे होटल मैं ठहरना चाहते है तो वे वैसा करने को आज़ाद है । If they would like to stay in hotel, they are free to do so.

Use of Should with 'If Clause'

'Should' is used to express a difficult possibility.

Should kaa prayog mushkil sambhaavanaa ko vyakt karane ke liye kiyaa jaataa hai.
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अगर तुम्हें यहां ड़्राईक्लिनर की दुकान ढूढ़ने की दिक्कत हो तो मुझे फोन कर लेना । If you should have any difficulty in finding the dryclearner's shop here, please ring me up.
अगर तुम्हें वहां दवाई ना मिले, मुझे तुरन्त फोन कर देना । If you should not get medicine there, please inform me immediately.
अगर तुम्हें लंदन में कुछ भी शाकाहारी खाना ना मिले तो उससे सम्पर्क करना । If you should not get any vegetarian food in London, please contact him.
अगर तुम्हें लंदन में कुछ भी शाकाहारी खाना ना मिले तो उससे सम्पर्क करना । Should you not get any vegetarian food in London, please contact him.
अगर कोई पैकेट आप तक पहुँचे और तुम्हें पसन्द ना आये तो तुम वापस कर सकते हो । Should any packet reaches you and is not liked by you, you can return it.

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