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ELC-33rd Day - तेंतीसवाँ दिन

33rd Day - After Tense and Active Passive, Direct & Indirect is the most important part of English Language. Today also we will continue Direct Indirect.
We can report any Speech to another person either in the same words (known as Direct Speech or Direct Narration) OR report the speech in our words without changing the meaning (known as Indirect Speech or Indirect Narration).

Direct-Indirect Speech - Imperative Sentences

Rule No. 1

Imperative sentences have different types of emotions - Order, Command, Request, Suggestion and Advise. For changing Direct Speech to Indirect Speech, please see the Reporting Verb and according to the emotion of Reporting Verb, 'Said To' is replaced with words like Requested, Advised, Ordered, Commanded, Suggested, Warned etc.

Please and Kindly words and use of word 'Do' to emphasise something in Reported Speech are not kept in Indirect Speech as the Reporting Verb's replaced word "Request/Requests/Requested" already contains the same emotion.

Sometimes Tag Question is added with Imperative Sentence. It is also not kept in Indirect Speech.
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Imperative वाक्य में अलग अलग भाव होते है - आदेश, प्रार्थना, सुझाव, सलाह इत्यादी । प्रत्यक्ष कथन को अप्रत्यक्ष कथन में परिवर्तित करने के लिये, Reporting Verb को देखें और Reporting Verb के भाव के अनुसार, 'Said To' को हटा कर शब्द जैसे Requested, Advised, Ordered, Commanded, Suggested, Warned, आदि से बदलते है ।

शब्द Please और Kindly और किसी चीज पर ज़ोर देने के लिये Reported Speech में प्रयुक्त शब्द 'Do', अप्रत्यक्ष कथन में नही रखे जाते क्योंकी Reporting Verb के परिवर्तित शब्द "Request/Requests/Requested" में यह भाव पहले ही निहित है । 

कभी कभी Imperative Sentence के साथ Tag Question जुड़ा होता है । इसे भी Indirect Speech में नही रखा जाता है । 

Rule No. 2

In Imperative sentences, Comma (,) and Inverted Commas ("...") are removed and word 'To' is used to join both the parts.

In negative sentences, 'Do Not' is removed and 'Not To' is used in making Indirect Speech of Imperative Sentences.

Besides these two rules, all the rules described earlier are applicable to Imperative Sentences also.

Imperative Sentence में Comma (,) और Inverted Commas ("...") को हटा कर दोनों भागो को जोड़ने के लिये 'To' शब्द लगाया जाता है । 

नकारात्मक वाक्यो में 'Do Not' को हटा दिया जाता है और 'Not To' का प्रयोग Imperative Sentence के प्रत्यक्ष कथन को अप्रत्यक्ष कथन बनाने में किया जाता है । 

इन दो नियमों के अलावा, सारे नियम जो पहले वर्णित किए गए है, Imperative Sentences पर भी लागु होते है । 
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Examples of Imperative Sentences

Direct अध्यापक ने राज से कहा, "बेंच पर खड़े हो जाओ ।" The teacher said to Raj, "Stand up on the bench."
Indirect अध्यापक ने राज को आदेश दिया कि बेंच पर खड़ा हो जाये । The teacher ordered Raj to stand up on the bench.
Direct उसने अपने मित्र से कहा, "झूठ मत बोलो ।" She said to her friend, "Do not tell a lie."
Indirect उसने अपने मित्र को सलाह दी कि झूठ मत बोलें । She advised her friend not to tell a lie.
Direct सीमा ने अपने पति से कहा, "झूठ मत बोलो ।" Seema said to her husband, "Do not tell a lie.
Indirect सीमा ने अपने पति को चेतावनी दी कि झूठ मत बोलो । Seema warned her husband not to tell a lie.
Direct उसने मोनू से कहा, "मुझे एक गिलास पानी दो ।" She said to Monu, "Please give me a glass of water."
Indirect उसने मोनू से अनुरोध किया कि उसे एक गिलास पानी दे । She requested Monu to give her a glass of water.
Direct पूनम ने नेहा से कहा, "एक गिलास दूध लीजिये ।" Poonam said to Neha, "Have a glass of milk."
Indirect पूनम ने नेहा से पूछा की एक गिलास दूध लें । Poonam asked me to have a glass of milk.
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Direct माली ने बच्चों से कहा, "दोबारा फूल मत तोड़ना ।" The gardener said to children, "Don't pluck the flowers again."
Indirect माली ने बच्चों को चेतावनी दी कि दोबारा फूल मत तोड़ना । The gardener warned children not to pluck the flowers again.
Direct नीलम ने अपने बॉस से कहा, "कृपया मुझे तीन दिन का अवकाश प्रदान करें ।" Neelam said to her boss, "Please grant me leave for three days."
Indirect नीलम ने अपने बॉस से गुजारिश की कि उसे तीन दिन का अवकाश प्रदान करें । Neelam requested her boss to grant her leave for three days.
Direct कैप्टन ने कहा, "मेरा अनुसरण करो ।" Captain said, "follow me".
Indirect कैप्टन ने आदेश दिया कि उसका अनुसरण करो । Captain ordered to follow him.
Direct डॉक्टर ने एक मरीज से कहा, "अपनी जीवन शैली और खाने की आदतें बदलो । Doctor said to a patient, "Change your life style and eating habits".
Indirect डॉक्टर ने एक मरीज को सुझाव दिया कि अपनी जीवन शैली और खाने की आदतें बदले । Doctor suggested a patient to change his life style and eating habits.
Direct प्रिंसिपल ने विद्यार्थियो से कहा, "शोर मत मचाओ ।" The Principal said to students, "Don't make a noise."
Indirect प्रिंसिपल ने विधार्थियो को निर्देश दिये कि शोर मत मचाओ । The Principal instructed students not to make a noise.
Direct मेरे पड़ोसी ने मुझसे कहा, "मेरे घर के सामने अपनी कार मत खड़ी करो ।" My neighbour said to me, "Don't park your car in front of my house."
Indirect मेरे पड़ोसी ने मुझे माना किया कि उसके घर के सामने मेर कार ना खड़ी़ करूं । My neighbour forbade me not to park my car in from of his house.
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Direct हर्षद भाई ने मुझसे कहा, "एक कप चाय जरूर लीजिये ।" Harshad Bhai said to me, "Do have a cup of tea please".
Indirect हर्षद भाई ने मुझसे अनुरोध किया कि एक कप चाय जरूर लूँ । Harshad Bhai requested me to have a cup of tea.
Direct हमने चेतना बेन से कहा, "अपनी बीमारी के बारे में अपने परिवार के सदस्यों को जरूर बताओ ।" We said to Chetna Ben, "Do tell about your sickness to your family members please."
Indirect हमने चेतना बेन से अनुरोध किया कि अपनी बीमारी के बारे में अपने परिवार के सदस्यों को जरुर बतांए । We requested Chetna Ben to tell about her sickness to her family members.
Direct उसने मुझसे कहा, "पंखा बंद कर दो, करोगे क्या ? She said to me, "Switch off the fan, will you?
Indirect उसने मुझसे कहा कि पंखा बंद कर दूँ । She asked me to switch off the fan.
Direct अरविन्द ने जोशी से कहा, "इस फाइल को GM को भेजो, भेजोगे ना ? Arvind said to Joshi, "Send this file to GM, won't you?
Indirect अरविन्द ने जोशी से पूछा की उस फाइल को GM को भेज दे । Arvind asked Joshi to send that file to GM.
Direct उसने अपने पड़ोसी से कहा, "कृपया मेरे बेटे का ध्यान रखिये, रखेंगे ना ? She said to her neighbour, "Please take care of my son, will you?
Indirect उसने अपने पड़ोसी से अनोरोध किया कि उसके बेटे का ध्यान रखे । She requested her neighbour to take care of her son.

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