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ELC-28th Day - अट्ठाइसवाँ दिन

28th Day - Today also we will learn about Active Passive. Active Passive is a very important Topic. It is to be understood thoroughly.
Active Voice - Subject is main/supreme e.g. Lion eats goat. Passive Voice - Object becomes main/supreme e.g. Goat is eaten by lion. Knowledge of Active-Passive Voice is must for Good English.

Active Passive

Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Was/Were + Being' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense.

Helping Verb in Passive Voice is used as per the Subject of the Passive Voice (Object of Active voice which becomes Subject of Passive Voice). If the Subject of Passive Voice is plural, Helping Verb of plurals will be used irrespective of the fact that in Active Voice, the subject was Singular.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not + Being' is added after helping verbs and in case of Interrogative sentence helping verb comes in the starting of the sentence and place of 'Being' remains before Verb (3rd form)

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.
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Active and Passive Voice के नियम (नीचे दिये गये है) दिखाते है की Past Continuous Tense को Passive Voice म़ें बदलने के लिये 'Was/Were + Being' और Verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग होता है

Passive Voice म़ें हेल्पिंग वर्ब Passive Voice के सब्जेक्ट (Active Voice का Object जो Passive Voice म़ें Subject बनता है) के अनुसार इस्तेमाल होती है । अगर Passive Voice का Subject plural है तो हेल्पिंग वर्ब भी subject के अनुसार plural होगी चाहे Active Voice म़ें Subject singular हो । 

Negative sentence म़ें 'Not + Being' को हेल्पिंग वर्ब के बाद लगाते हैं और Interrogative sentence म़ें हेल्पिंग वर्ब वाक्य के आरंभ में लगाते है । 

सभी प्रकार के Passive Voice वाक्यों - Positive, Negative & Interrogative में verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग होता है

Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Past Continuous Tense (Active Voice) Rule of converting Past Continuous Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Was/Were + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Was/Were + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Was/Were + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Was/Were + Not + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Was/Were + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (?) Was/Were + Convert Object to Subject + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
वह बड़ा खतरा मोल ले रहा था । He was taking a big risk. A big risk was being taken by him. बड़ा खतरा उसके द्वारा लिया जा रहा था ।
जतिन उसकी ट्रांसफ़र के ऑर्डर दे रहा था । Jatin was giving order of his transfer. Order of his transfer was being given by Jatin. उसकी ट्रांसफ़र के ऑर्डर जतीन द्वारा दिये जा रहे थे ।
वह उसे फ्रेंच पढ़ा रही थी । She was teaching him French. He was being taught French by her. उसे फ्रेंच उसके द्वारा पढ़ाई जा रही थी ।
वह रीता के समर्थन की प्रशंसा कर रही थी । She was appreciating Reeta's support. Reeta's support was being appreciated by her. रीता के समर्थन की उसके द्वारा प्रशंसा की जा रही थी ।
वह अपनी गलतियाँ नही मान रहा था । He was not admitting his mistakes. His mistakes were not being admitted by him. उसकी गलतियाँ उसके द्वारा नही मानी जा रही थी ।
वे अपने घोषणा पत्र कोर्ट में दे रहे थे । They were giving their declarations in court. Their declarations were being given by them in court. अपने घोषणा पत्र उनके द्वारा कोर्ट में दिये जा रहे थे ।
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Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
क्या डॉक्टर मरीजो क़ी सेवा कर रहा था ? Was the doctor serving patients? Were patients being served by the doctor? क्या मरीजों की सेवा डॉक्टर द्वारा क़ी जा रही थी ?
मजदूर नहर खोद रहे थे । The labourers were digging a canal. A canal was being dug by the labourers. नहर मजदूरों द्वारा खोदी जा रही थी ।
राजन पब्लिक को संदेश दे रहा था । Rajan was delivering a message to public. Public was being delivered a message by Rajan. पब्लिक को संदेश राजन द्वारा दिया जा रहा था ।
राजन पब्लिक को संदेश दे रहा था । Rajan was delivering a message to public. A message was being delivered to public by Rajan. संदेश राजन द्वारा पब्लिक को दिया जा रहा था ।
राष्ट्रपति जी गुणवान विद्यार्थियों को इनाम दे रहे थे । The President was giving awards to meritorious students. Meritorious students were being given awards by the President. गुणवान विद्यार्थिओं को राष्ट्रपति जी द्वारा इनाम दिया जा रहा था ।
अव्यन अपनी दादी के आदेश का पालन कर रहा था । Avyan was obeying orders of his grandmother. Orders of his grandmother were being obeyed by Avyan. अपनी दादी के आदेश का पालन अव्यन द्वारा किया जा रहा था ।

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