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ELC-44th Day - ChautaalisvaaN Din

44th Day - Today we shall learn in detail about Noun.
Nouns are the most important words in English language. Many nouns look singular but they are used as plural and many nouns look plural but are used as singular. Understanding of Noun is essential for learning good English.

Noun - A noun is a word used as the name of a person, animal, place, thing or idea. Everything which exists is represented by a name and that naming word is a Noun. The word ‘everything’ means anything e.g. countable, uncountable, visible, invisible, touchable, untouchable, events, feelings, etc. Nouns are words and not the real/actual things.

संज्ञा - संज्ञा वह शब्द है जो व्यक्ति, जानवर, स्थान, वस्तु, अवधारणा आदि के नाम के लिये प्रयोग होता है । सभी वस्तुएं जो अस्तित्व में हैं, एक नाम से जानी जाती है और वह नाम शब्द एक Noun है । शब्द 'सभी वस्तुएं' का मतलब कोई भी वस्तु जैसे : गिने जाने वाले, ना गिने जाने वाले, दिखने वाले, ना दिखने वाले, स्पर्श्य, अस्परर्श्य, घटनायें, भावनायें आदि । Noun शब्द है ना के वास्तविक/असली वस्तुएं ।
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Examples of Nouns

Person Vartika, Kanika, Tom, Ashoka, doctor, girl, Princess, Queen, Soldier, Coursine, Indian
Animal Dog, cat, lion, rabbit, horse, donkey, monkey, parrot, bird, crocodile
Place Delhi, London, New York, school, college, garden, Akshardham, House, Taj Mahal, Factory
Things Computer, table, book, speaker, fan, car, gold, glass, mobile, train, helicopter
Idea Happiness, pride, politeness, helplessness, relation, nationality, excitement, childhood

How to identify a Noun

The above definition of Noun states that name of everything is a Noun. However, there are certain words which may be Noun and Verb like 'work'. Word 'work' is a verb and is also a noun. We can recognize a Noun by testing the following:

उपर दी गयी Noun की परिभाषा बताती है की प्रत्येक वस्तु का नाम Noun है । हालांकि कुछ शब्द है जो Noun और वर्ब हो सकते है जैसे 'work' । शब्द 'work' एक verb है और एक Noun भी है । हम Noun की पहचान इस प्रकार कर सकते हैं: 

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1 Noun usually (but not always) comes after a determiner - a, an, the, my, this, some, a few, a lot. e.g.- a dog, a lot of money. आमतौर पर Noun (हमेशा नही) determiners - (a, an, the, my, this, some, a few, a lot । जैसे :- a dog, a lot of money) के बाद आता है ।
2 Noun may come after one or two Adjectives e.g.- my blue car, her long and black hair. Noun एक या दो Adjective के बाद आ सकता है जैसे - मेरी नीली कार, उसके लम्बे और काले बाल ।
3 Noun can have a plural forms. (Uncountable nouns do not have plural form but can be checked by adding words - any or some) e.g.- Computers, birds, some milk. Noun का प्लुरल (बहुवचन) हो सकता है । (Uncountable Noun की प्लुरल फ़ॉर्म नही होती परंतु - 'any or some' शब्दों को लगाकर चेक किया जा सकता है जैसे - computer, birds, some milk ।
4 Function of a word in sentence may also help in identification of noun - Broadly Noun acts as Subject and Object in a sentence. However, Pronoun can also be the Subject or Object in a sentence. वाक्य में शब्द का कार्य भी Noun की पहचान में मदद कर सकता है । मोटेतौर पर Noun वाक्य में सब्जेक्ट और ऑब्जेक्ट की तरह कार्य करता है । सर्वनाम भी वाक्य में सब्जेक्ट और ऑब्जेक्ट हो सकता है ।
5 Word endings may also help in identifying Noun like: शब्दों का अंत भी Noun की पहचान करने में मदद कर सकता है जैसे:
-ist = Racist
-ity = Cavity
-ee = Trainee
-ism = Socialism
-dom = Freedom
-ness = Firmness
-ment = Excitement
-hood = Brotherhood
-er = Writer, Carpenter
-or = Inspector, Director

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Test of word 'Work' in two different sentences:

They work very slow. (Word - Work) The work was very slow. (Word - Work)
Determiners cannot be placed before it Determiner 'The' is placed before it hence it is a Noun
No Adjective can be placed before it. Adjectives like 'Important', 'Simple and easy' can be placed before it hence it is a Noun
As per grammar in this tense it cannot be pluralized here It can be plularized - The works were.... Hence it is a Noun
Word ending point - not relevant here Word ending point - not relevant here
Here it is neither functioning as a Subject nor an Object. It is acting here as a Verb. Here it is functioning as a Subject, hence it is a Noun


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