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ELC-2nd Day - Page-2

2nd Day - We shall learn about overview of Noun, Pronoun and Verb. These are the main parts of a sentence. Basic knowledge of it will help in understanding English grammar easily.

Overview of Verb - Kriyaa kaa sankShipt vivaraN

A verb is a word that tells us what a person, animal or thing is doing. Verbs show action, so they are also called action words. Some verbs does not show action, shows idea of existence and indicates a state of being like appear, seem, is(be) etc. Every sentence must have a verb. Sentence is incomplete, if there is no verb.

क्रिया - क्रिया वह शब्द है जो यह बताता है की कर्ता (व्यक्ति, वस्तु या जानवर) क्या कर रहा है । जैसे - कपिल केला खा रहा है ('खाना' क्रिया है जो बताती है कि कपिल क्या कर रहा है) । हिन्दी में वर्ब के अंत में 'ना' आता है जैसे लिखना, पढ़ना, कूदना, इत्यादि. कुछ क्रिया शब्दों में एक्शन नही होता अपितु किसी 'स्थिति' या 'होना' आदि के बारे में बताते हैं - जैसे -महसूस होना, किसी चीज का अस्तित्व होना, आदि । प्रत्येक वाक्य में एक वर्ब अवश्य होता है ।



Example of Verb:

write, speak, read, fight, learn, come, go, seem, feel, etc.


वाक्य Sentence Verb Word(s)
वह धीरे बोलता है । He speaks very slow Action verb – speak
मैं रोज इंग्लिश सीखता हूँ । I learn English daily Action verb – learn
वह उसकी मां जैसी है । She resembles her mother State verb – resembles
ऐसा लगता है की तुमने अपनी अंगुठी को खो दिया है । It appears that you have lost your ring State verb – appears, action verb – lost
मैं तुम्हें बहुत पसंद करता हूँ । I like you very much. Action verb - like
बेबी रो रही है । Baby is weeping. Action verb - weeping
वह जा रही है । She is going. Action verb - going
मेहमान आ रहे हैं । Guests are coming. Action verb - coming
नौकरानी काम कर रही है । Maid is working. Action verb - working
फोन बज रहा है । Phone is ringing. Action verb - ringing
दूध उबल रहा है । Milk is boiling. Action verb - boiling
हवा चल रही है । Wind is blowing. Action verb - blowing
तुम हंस रहे हो । You are laughing. Action verb - laughing
वह मेरी मां है । She is my mother. State verb - is
डाक्टर छुट्टी पर है । Doctor is on leave. State verb - is
तुम मेरे सबसे अच्छे दोस्त हो । You are my best friend. State verb - are
वह मेरी पड़ोसन है । She is my neighbour. State verb - is
यह ठंडा लगता है । It feels cold. State verb - feels

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There are mainly two types of Verbs –

(1) Main Verbs (We have noted Main Verbs of in the above examples. ); and
(2) Helping /Auxiliary Verbs (Is, Am, Are, Was, Were, Has, Have, Had).
We shall learn in detail about both types of Verbs in upcoming days.

क्रिया मुख्यतः दो प्रकार की होती है -
(1) मुख्य क्रिया (ऊपर उदाहरण में हमने मुख्य वर्व को नोट किया है); और
(2) सहायक क्रिया (Is, Am, Are, Has, Have, Had) ।
इन दोनो प्रकार की क्रियांओ के बारे में विस्तार से अगले दिनों में सीखेंगे ।

Forms of Verb - क्रिया के रूप

Verb has three forms - (1) Base form - Ist Form (2) Past Simple - 2nd Form (3) Past participle - 3rd Form. Different types of verbs are used in different types of sentences as per tense/grammar rules which we shall learn in upcoming days.

For example, Speak – Spoke – Spoken. “Speak" is base form – 1st Form, “Spoke" is past simple form – 2nd form, and “Spoken" is past participle form – 3rd form. These three forms may also be named as 1st form, 2nd form and 3rd form of verb.

क्रिया की तीन फ़ॉर्म होती है - जैसे वर्ब बोलना की तीन फ़ॉर्म इस प्रकार है - (1) पहली फ़ॉर्म - बोलता है (2) द्वितीय फ़ॉर्म - बोला (3) तृतीय फ़ॉर्म - बोला था । अलग अलग प्रकार की फ़ॉर्म अलग अलग प्रकार के वाक्यों में काल/व्याकरण के नियमों के अनुसार प्रयोग में आती है जिसके बारे में अगले दिनों में सीखेंगे ।

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