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ELC-10th Day - Page-2

10th Day - We shall learn about Past Continuous Tense. Sentences of continuing actions at a particular time in past, come under Past Continuous Tense.

Past Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative

Past Continuous Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Interrogative Was/Were + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (?)
Interrogative & Negative Was/Were + Subject + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (?)

Interrogative sentence of Past Continuous Tense starts with 'Was/Were' and first form of Verb with 'Ing' is used in it. In Interrogative & Negative sentence, 'Not' is added just before Verb.

पास्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स के प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य 'Was/Were' से शुरु होते हैं । प्रश्नवाचक और नकारात्मक वाक्य में 'Not' को वर्ब से पहले लगाते हैं ।



Past Continuous Tense - Interrogative क्या लड़के इग्लिश सीख रहे थे?
Person Was/Were Subject Verb (Ist Form) + Ing Object
Ist person Was I learning English?
Ist Person -Plural Were we learning English?
2nd Person Were you learning English?
3rd Person -Singular Was he/she/it/Ram learning English?
3rd Person -Plural Were they/boys learning English?

Past Continuous Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative क्या मैं तुम्हारी बहन को नही पढ़ा रहा था?
Person Was/Were Subject Not + Verb (Ist Form) + Ing Object
Ist person Was I not teaching your sister?
Ist Person -Plural Were we not teaching your sister?
2nd Person Were you not teaching your sister?
3rd Person -Singular Was he/she/it/Ram not teaching your sister?
3rd Person -Plural Were they/boys not teaching your sister?

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In Past Continuous Tense, time may come in sentence but starting time of action should not be there. If starting time of the action is given and action remains continue, the Continuous Tense becomes Perfect Continuous Tense e.g. He was studying in Government School. In this sentence, action is continuous but starting time of the action 'studying' is not given, hence it is Past Continuous Tense. If we add starting time of action 'studying for three years' then it will become Past Perfect Continuous tense and it will be translated as 'He had been studying in Government school for the last three years'.

इन वाक्यों में समय का प्रयोग हो सकता है परन्तु ऐसे वाक्यों में लगातार समय का प्रयोग नही होना चाहिेए । वह वाक्य जहां कार्य शुरु होने का विगत समय दिया हुआ हो और एक्शन लगातार चल रहा हो और वाक्य के अंत में रहा था', 'रही थी', 'रहे थे' भी हो तो वह पास्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स नही रहता । वह वाक्य पास्ट पर्फेक्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स बन जाता है - जैसे::

राधा खाना पका रही थी - पास्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स
राघा सुबह से खाना पका रही थी - पास्ट पर्फेक्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स (क्योंकि यहां लगातार समय 'सुबह से' का प्रयोग हुआ है) ।
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Examples

वाक्य Sentence
बाहर बूंदा बांदी हो रही थी । It was drizzling outside.
कुत्ते रात को गली में भौंक रहे थे । Dogs were barking in the street at night.
एक लड़का बाइक में से पेट्रोल चुरा रहा था । A boy was stealing petrol from a bike.
भीड़ एक चोर को पीट रही थी । The mob was beating a thief.
किसान खेतों में हल नही चला रहे थे । The farmers were not ploughing their fields.
चौकीदार लड़कों को गर्लस् होस्टल में घुसने से रोक रहा था । Gatekeeper was detaining boys to enter in girls hostel.
क्या विधार्थी स्कूल में प्रार्थना बोल रहे थे ? Were the students saying prayer in school?
कल उसका बेटा सर्दी से कांप रहा था । His son was shivering with cold yesterday.
क्या बच्चे जोर जोर से चिल्ला रहे थे ? Were the children crying at the top of their voice?
वह उसको मधुमक्खियों से बचाने की सारी कोशिश कर रही थी । She was making all efforts to save her from honey bees.
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वाक्य Sentence
ठंडी हवा बह रही थी । Cold wave was blowing.
वह सोने का बहाना कर रहा था । He was pretending to sleep.
वह झूठ नही बोल रहा था । He was not telling a lie.
क्या वह मेरी नकल कर रहा था ? Was he imitating me?
तुम्हारी मम्मी कपड़े धो रही थी । Your mother was washing the clothes.
क्या तुम गाना गा रहे थे ? Were you singing a song?
क्या वे स्कूल में डर्टी पिक्चर देख रहे थे ? Were they watching Dirty movie in school?
वह अपनी बहन को पढ़ा रही थी । She was teaching her sister.
शिल्पा कविता लिख रही थी । Shilpa was writing a poem.
मैं तुम्हारा इंतजार कर रही थी । I was waiting for you.
वह छोटा बच्चा कार चला रहा था । That small child was driving car.

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