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ELC-45th Day

Passive Voice of Infinitives

हमने सीखा है कि एक Infinitive क्रिया का एक मूल रूप है, लेकिन यह एक क्रिया के रूप में कार्य नहीं करता है। इसे 'to' के साथ या बिना उपयोग किया जाता है।

We have learned that an Infinitive is a basic form of a verb, but it does not function as a verb. It is be used with or without 'to'.

Rules to Change Active Voice to Passive Voice

Sentence Containing Rules of making Sentence of Modals - Active Voice Rules of converting Sentence of Modals - Active Voice to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Is/Are/Am/ Was/Were/ Has/Have/ Had + To + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am/ Was/Were/ Has/Have/ Had + To + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + (.)
Negative Subject + Is/Are/Am/ Was/Were/ Has/Have/ Had + Not + To + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am/ Was/Were/ Has/Have/ Had + Not + To + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + (.)
Interrogative Is/Are/Am/ Was/Were/ Has/Have/ Had + Subject + To + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?) Is/Are/Am/ Was/Were/ Has/Have/ Had + Convert Object to Subject + To + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + (.)

The above Rules explain the following points:

Active Voice के ऑब्जेक्ट को Passive Voice के सब्जेक्ट में बदलो। Convert the Object of Active Voice to the Subject of Passive Voice
General Rules of Passive Voice में दी गई तालिका के अनुसार Active Voice वाक्य के सब्जेक्टऔर ऑब्जेक्ट में प्रयुक्त सर्वनाम शब्द, यदि कोई हो, बदलें।  Change the pronoun word used in the Subject and Object of the Active Voice sentence, if any, according to the table given in the General Rules of Passive Voice.
Passive Voice के सब्जेक्ट के अनुसार सहायक क्रिया 'Is/Are/Am/ Was/Were/ Has/Have/ Had' का उपयोग करें। Use helping verb 'Is/Are/Am/ Was/Were/ Has/Have/ Had' as per the Subject of the Passive Voice.
यदि Passive Voice का सब्जेक्ट बहुवचन है, तो हम बहुवचन की सहायक क्रिया का प्रयोग करते हैं इस तथ्य के बावजूद कि Active Voice में, सब्जेक्ट एकवचन था। If the Subject of the Passive Voice is plural, we use helping verb of plural irrespective of the fact that in Active Voice, the subject was singular.
एक्टिव वॉयस वाक्य में, हम वर्ब की फर्स्ट फॉर्म का उपयोग करते हैं, लेकिन पैसिव वॉइस में, हम Helping verb + To + be के बाद और वर्ब की थर्ड फॉर्म का उपयोग करते हैं। In an active voice sentence, we use the first form of the verb, but in the passive voice, we use Helping verb + To + Be + third form of the verb.
नकारात्मक वाक्य में, 'Helping verb' के बाद 'Not + To + Be' लगाते हैं और Interrogative Sentence में 'Helping Verb' वाक्य के आरंभ में लगाते हैं और 'To + Be' का स्थान Verb की 3rd form से पहले बना रहता है। In a negative sentence, 'Helping verb' is followed by 'Not + To + Be', and in the Interrogative Sentence 'Helping verb' is placed at the beginning of the sentence and 'To + Be' is placed before the 3rd form of the verb.
सभी प्रकार के वाक्यों में - सकारात्मक, नकारात्मक और प्रश्नवाचक, क्रिया की 3rd फॉर्म का प्रयोग Passive Voice में किया जाता है। In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of the verb is used in Passive Voice.

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